A comparison of breastfeeding among Han, Uygur and other ethnic groups in Xinjiang, PR China

Fenglian Xu; Binns, Colin; Nazi, Guli; Lin Shi; Yun Zhao; Lee, Andy
January 2006
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p196
Academic Journal
Background: Breastfeeding is an important factor in infant health and there have been no previous studies of breastfeeding practices in the different ethnic groups of this region of China. We aimed to compare breastfeeding rates and duration between Han, Uygur and other ethnic groups living in Xinjiang, PR China. Methods: A longitudinal study of infant feeding practices was undertaken using a sample that included different ethnic groups. Mothers were randomly recruited and interviewed in hospitals and after discharge were contacted in person or by telephone at approximately monthly intervals to obtain details of infant feeding practices. Setting: Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, PR China. Subjects: A total of1219 mothers (578 Han, 360 Uygur and 281 'other minority' mothers) who delivered babies during 2003 and 2004 were interviewed in five hospitals or institutes located in both urban and rural areas. Results: 'Any breastfeeding' rates in Han, Uygur and 'other minority' groups at discharge were 88.5 %, 94.3 % and 97.1 % respectively, and at six months 76.7 %, 54.7 % and 87.6 % respectively. While 'exclusive breastfeeding' rates in the Han, Uygur and 'other minority' groups at discharge were 78.0 %, 34.5 % and 83.1 % respectively, at six months they had fallen to 4.8 %, 0.4 % and 16.8 % respectively. The median duration of 'Exclusive breastfeeding' of Han, Uygur and 'other minority' babies were 1.5, 0.1 and 2.5 months respectively. The Uygur babies were least likely to be 'exclusive breastfed'. Conclusion: Uygur babies were least likely to be 'exclusive breastfed' and continued to 'any breastfeed' at six month. The 'any breastfeeding' rates in the Han group were lower in the first four months. An education program focused on breastfeeding continuation and exclusive breastfeeding is necessary in Xinjiang, especially for Uygur and Han ethnic groups.


Related Articles

  • Breastfeeding-Related Maternity Practices at Hospitals and Birth Centers -- United States, 2007.  // MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;6/13/2008, Vol. 57 Issue 23, p621 

    The article provides the results from 2,687 hospitals and birth centers in the first survey of breastfeeding-related maternity practices conducted in the U.S. The first national Maternity Practices in Infant Nutrition and Care (mPINC) Survey indicated that a substantial proportion of facilities...

  • DIFICULDADES ENCONTRADAS PELAS MÃES EM AMAMENTAR SEU PRIMEIRO FILHO. Gomes, Ludmila Mourão Xavier; Lopes, Renata Andrade; de Carvalho, Maria Angélica Froés; Barbosa, Thiago Luis de Andrade // Revista de Pesquisa: Cuidado e Fundamental;jul2011, Vol. 3 Issue 3, p2137 

    Objective: To describe the difficulties faced by mothers to breastfeed their first child. Methods: This is a descriptive study with quantitative approach. We interviewed 37 first-time mothers with children under two years old by the application of a questionnaire developed by researchers...

  • When and why Filipino mothers of term low birth weight infants interrupted breastfeeding exclusively. Agrasada, Grace V.; Kylberg, Elisabeth // Breastfeeding Review;2009, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p5 

    This paper makes use of data collected in a randomised controlled trial that was designed to test the efficacy of postpartum breastfeeding counselling to increase exclusive breastfeeding among term low birth weight infants in Manila during the first six months. Mothers were randomised to a...

  • Breast-Feeding Patterns in a Rural Village in Giza, Egypt. Hakim, Iman A.; El-Ashmawy, Iman A. // American Journal of Public Health;May92, Vol. 82 Issue 5, p731 

    In a longitudinal study of infant feeding in rural Giza, Egypt, we found that 68.8% of the recruited mothers initiated early suckling of colostrum, but only 51.2% of the infants were exclusively breast-fed in the first week. Solid foods were introduced much earlier than at the recommended age of...

  • Numb to mum. Ananthaswamy, Anil // New Scientist;03/31/2001, Vol. 169 Issue 2284, p12 

    Reports on results of a study that finds that women who take painkillers during childbirth could jeopardize their chances of bonding with their baby. Effect of painkillers on breastfeeding; Importance of reducing or eliminating analgesics during childbirth; Connection between the hormone...

  • NEWS & RESEARCH. Scaer, Roberta M. // GENESIS;Fall2004, Issue 3/4, p9 

    The article presents information on several events related to maternal and infant welfare. The Coalition for Improving Maternity Services (CIMS) will host its third annual forum on February 24, 2005 at the Sheraton Crystal City in Arlington, Virginia. The forum will include panel discussions...

  • Breastfeeding Practice in Zhejiang Province, PR China, in the Context of Melamine-contaminated Formula Milk. Liqian Qiu; Binns, Colin W.; Yun Zhao; Lee, Andy H.; Xing Xie // Journal of Health, Population & Nutrition;Apr2010, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p189 

    A prospective cohort study of 1,520 mothers from Zhejiang province of China was undertaken to determine the duration of breastfeeding and associated factors during the first six months postpartum. Most (95.3%) mothers had introduced complementary foods by six months, making them at risk from...

  • Differential Effects of Early Weaning for HIV-Free Survival of Children Born to HIV-Infected Mothers by Severity of Maternal Disease. Kuhn, Louise; Aldrovandi, Grace M.; Sinkala, Moses; Kankasa, Chipepo; Semrau, Katherine; Kasonde, Prisca; Mwiya, Mwiya; Wei-Yann Tsai; Thea, Donald M. // PLoS ONE;2009, Vol. 4 Issue 6, p1 

    Background: We previously reported no benefit of early weaning for HIV-free survival of children born to HIV-infected mothers in intent-to-treat analyses. Since early weaning was poorly accepted, we conducted a secondary analysis to investigate whether beneficial effects may have been hidden....

  • Take Off the Baby Weight. Globus, Sheila // Prevention;Nov2006, Vol. 58 Issue 11, p135 

    The article presents weight loss techniques for new breast feeding mothers who want to lose their "baby fat." New mothers are advised to avoid foods that are not nutritious, continue to take their prenatal vitamins, and begin a regular exercise program. A study which found that nursing mothers...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics