TITLE

Which women stop smoking during pregnancy and the effect on breastfeeding duration

AUTHOR(S)
Giglia, Roslyn C.; Binns, Colin W.; Alfonso, Helman S.
PUB. DATE
January 2006
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6, p195
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Cigarette smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and women who quit smoking at this time are able to reduce the risk of low birth weight, preterm labour, spontaneous abortion and perinatal death. This study investigates the sociodemographic characteristics of pregnant women who stop smoking during pregnancy and the association between stopping smoking and breastfeeding duration. Methods: A 12 month longitudinal study was conducted in two public maternity hospitals in Perth, Australia between mid-September 2002 and mid-July 2003. While in hospital, participating mothers completed a self-administered baseline questionnaire. Follow up telephone interviews were conducted at 4, 10, 16, 22, 32, 40 and 52 weeks. Results: A total of 587 (55%) mothers participated in the study. Two hundred and twenty six (39%) mothers reported smoking prior to pregnancy and 77 (34%) of these stopped smoking during pregnancy. Women who were pregnant for the first time were twice as likely (OR = 2.05; 95% CI 1.047 - 4.03; p < 0.05) to quit smoking as multiparous women. Women who smoked more than 10 cigarettes per day were significantly less likely to quit smoking during pregnancy (OR = 0.36; 95% CI 0.18 - 0.69; p < 0.05). Women who consumed alcohol before pregnancy were three times more likely to quit smoking (OR = 2.58; 95% CI 1.00 - 6.66; p < 0.05). Quitting smoking during pregnancy was significantly associated with breastfeeding for longer than six months (OR = 3.70; 95% CI 1.55 - 8.83; p < 0.05). Conclusion: Pregnancy is a time when many women are motivated to quit smoking and providing targeted smoking cessation interventions at this time, which take into account factors predictive of quitting smoking, are more likely to be successful.
ACCESSION #
29362338

 

Related Articles

  • Commentary: Yerushalmy, maternal cigarette smoking and the perinatal mortality crossover paradox. Kramer, Michael S; Zhang, Xun; Platt, Robert W // International Journal of Epidemiology;Oct2014, Vol. 43 Issue 5, p1378 

    No abstract available.

  • Smoking and smoking cessation during early pregnancy and its effect on adverse pregnancy outcomes and fetal growth. Vardavas, Constantine I.; Chatzi, Leda; Patelarou, Evridiki; Plana, Estel; Sarri, Katerina; Kafatos, Anthony; Koutis, Antonis D.; Kogevinas, Manolis // European Journal of Pediatrics;Jun2010, Vol. 169 Issue 6, p741 

    Maternal smoking during pregnancy is a significant threat to the fetus. We examined the association between active maternal smoking and smoking cessation during early pregnancy with newborn somatometrics and adverse pregnancy outcomes including preterm delivery, low birth weight, and fetal...

  • Reexamining the effects of gestational age, fetal growth, and maternal smoking on neonatal mortality. Ananth, Cande V.; Platt, Robert W. // BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth;2004, Vol. 4, p22 

    Background: Low birth weight (<2,500 g) is a strong predictor of infant mortality. Yet low birth weight, in isolation, is uninformative since it is comprised of two intertwined components: preterm delivery and reduced fetal growth. Through nonparametric logistic regression models, we examine the...

  • Smoking and birth weight.  // Pediatrics for Parents;1993, Vol. 14 Issue 12, p7 

    Discusses the effects of smoking on the birth weight of infants. Review of births from 1988 onwards; Smoking as the most significant factor in low birth-weight of infants; Probability of a low birth-weight baby by a woman who smokes over one pack a day; Publication of the article in the November...

  • Low Birth Weight and Maternal Genetic Makeup. King, Dale E. // International Journal of Childbirth Education;Mar2003, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p16 

    Focuses on the relationship of low birth weight and maternal genetic makeup. Maternal cigarette smoking and fetal outcome.

  • Timing of smoking cessation and low birth weight.  // American Family Physician;1/1/1995, Vol. 51 Issue 1, p237 

    Presents information taken from the July 1994 issue of the `American Journal of Public Health' on the relationship of the timing of smoking cessation and low birth weight. Effect of smoking throughout pregnancy; Effect of smoking during the first, second, and third trimesters; Effect of number...

  • Enfermedad periodontal como un factor de riesgo asociado a la infertilidad. Guerrero Sierra, Cecilia; Salvador Robles Andrade, Manuel // Revista ADM;ene/feb2014, Vol. 71 Issue 1, p6 

    Infertility is defined as a condition in which a couple has been unable to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse or the inability to carry a pregnancy through to a live birth. Recent studies have shown a relationship between periodontal disease and a range of adverse conditions...

  • Infant and Neonatal Mortality Rates in the United States. King, Dale; White, Marcy // International Journal of Childbirth Education;Dec2005, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p26 

    The article focuses on infant and neonatal mortality rates in the U.S. The number of deaths among infants less than one year old is denoted as infant mortality. There has been significant decline in the infant mortality in the previous two decades, but the decline was faster in White population...

  • Preterm Birth, Intrauterine Growth Retardation, and Perinatal Mortality. Kiely, John L.; Susser, Mervyn // American Journal of Public Health;Mar1992, Vol. 82 Issue 3, p343 

    The article discusses a report on the association of perinatal mortality with gestational age and birth weight, published within the issue. Preterm birth and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) often occur together, but IUGR in full-term births yields an exclusive category. The authors assert...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics