Knowledge, attitude and practices of pediatricians regarding the prevention of oral diseases in Italy

Di Giuseppe, Gabriella; Nobile, Carmelo G. A.; Marinelli, Alessandra; Angelillo, Italo F.
January 2006
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p176
Academic Journal
Background: Pediatricians are in an ideal position to advise families about the prevention and management of oral diseases in children. The objective of the study was to determine knowledge, attitude, and practices regarding the prevention of oral diseases among pediatricians in Italy. Methods: A systematic random sample of 1000 pediatricians received a questionnaire on sociodemographic and practice characteristics; knowledge on risk factors; attitude and practices towards the prevention of oral diseases. Results: A total of 507 pediatricians participated. More than half knew the main risk factors for oral diseases and this knowledge was higher in primary care pediatricians (p = 0.007), in those with a higher number of hours worked per week (p = 0.012), and who believed that oral diseases may be prevented (p = 0.017). Pediatricians with higher knowledge about the main risk factors (p = 0.006) believe that they have an important role in preventing oral diseases and that they can perform an oral examination. Almost all (89%) prescribed fluoride supplements and those younger (p = 0.016), with a higher number of patients seen in workday (p = 0.001), with longer practice activity (p = 0.004), those who believe that fluoride is effective in preventing caries (p < 0.0001), and who learned about prevention from scientific sources (p = 0.002) were more likely to prescribe fluoride. One-fourth and 40.6% provides and recommends a dental visit once a year and primary care pediatricians (p = 0.014) and those who believed that routine visit is important in preventing oral diseases (p < 0.0001) were more likely to recommend a dental visit once a year. Conclusion: The results showed a lack of knowledge among pediatricians although almost all believed that they had an important responsibility in preventing oral diseases and provided an oral examination.


Related Articles

  • Carving a Niche: The General Academic Pediatrician as Consultant Part II: Academic, Financial, and Educational Concerns. Listernick, Robert; Tanz, Robert R.; Davis, A. Todd // Clinical Pediatrics;Dec1988, Vol. 27 Issue 12, p583 

    The General Academic Pediatrician (GAP) may act as a consultant to both primary care pediatricians and tertiary care subspecialists. The authors surveyed a consultation service staffed by three GAP's in a tertiary care children's hospital. The service was financially successful and generated new...

  • The Impact of a Pediatric Practice on Hospital Admissions in a Rural Area. Osgood, Kenneth; Bunch, George Pardue; Shonick, William // American Journal of Public Health;Oct80, Vol. 70 Issue 10, p1100 

    Abstract: The establishment of a two-man pediatric practice in a rural area of New Mexico was followed by a decrease in hospital admissions of children and an increase in average length of stay. While other factors may have been involved, the reliance of the study region's children on...

  • The Pediatrician. Kuchna, John; de Gennaro, Renee // Pharmaceutical Representative;Mar2009, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p22 

    The article focuses on the pediatricians, a specialist physician who generally functions in a primary care setting for children from birth to 21 years old, and pediatric practices. It notes that management of serious and life-threatening illnesses, health supervision and age-appropriate...

  • Why do parents go to the ED for nonurgent care?  // Contemporary Pediatrics;Feb2009, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p46 

    The article presents results of a study which indicate that at least 58 percent of visits to pediatric emergency departments (EDs) are for non-urgent conditions. Interviews were conducted by bilingual medical students with 37 caregivers of children brought for non-urgent care to the ED of the...

  • Clinical practice. Later orthodontic complications caused by risk factors observed in the early years of life. Emerich, Katarzyna; Wojtaszek-Slominska, Anna // European Journal of Pediatrics;Jun2010, Vol. 169 Issue 6, p651 

    Primary preventive strategies for oral health are an essential public health priority. Paediatricians have frequent contact with families during routine preventive visits in the child's first few years of life and are in an ideal and unique position, to advise families about the prevention of...

  • A DAY IN THE LIFE OF A PRIMARY CARE DOCTOR. CHEN, CANDICE // Washington Monthly;Jul/Aug2013, Vol. 45 Issue 7/8, p42 

    A personal narrative is presented which explores the author's experience of being a primary care pediatrician in Washington, D.C.

  • School Performance: The Pediatrician's Role. Bravender, Terrill // Clinical Pediatrics;Jul2008, Vol. 47 Issue 6, p535 

    When children begin having difficulties in school, the first stop for parents is often the pediatrician's office. Although school performance problems may seem outside the realm of routine primary health care, there are many important roles that the primary care provider may play. These include...

  • Self-Efficacy for Smoking Cessation Counseling Parents in Primary Care: An Office-Based Intervention for Pediatricians and Family Physicians. Garg, Arvin; Serwint, Janet R.; Higman, Susan; Kanof, Ann; Schell, Dottie; Colon, Iris; Butz, Arlene M. // Clinical Pediatrics;Apr2007, Vol. 46 Issue 3, p252 

    Few pediatricians or family physicians routinely counsel parental smokers to quit smoking. Poor self-efficacy in smoking cessation counseling skills may be one barrier to counseling. Analysis of self-efficacy scores of physicians participating in the Clean Air for Healthy Children program...

  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and Their Persisting Sequelae in Adult Life. Spohr, Hans-Ludwig; Steinhausen, Hans-Christoph // Deutsches Aerzteblatt International;10/9/2008, Vol. 105 Issue 41, p1 

    The article discusses the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and their persisting sequelae in adult life. It describes the different variants of FASD as a consequence of maternal alcohol abuse during pregnancy. According to the article, longitudinal studies reveal the disastrous...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics