TITLE

Clustering of smoking, alcohol drinking and cannabis use in adolescents in a rapidly developing country

AUTHOR(S)
Faeh, David; Viswanathan, Bharathi; Chiolero, Arnaud; Warren, Wick; Bovet, Pascal
PUB. DATE
January 2006
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p169
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Smoking, alcohol drinking and cannabis use ("risk behaviors") are often initiated at a young age but few epidemiological studies have assessed their joined prevalence in children in developing countries. This study aims at examining the joint prevalence of these behaviors in adolescents in the Seychelles, a rapidly developing country in the Indian Ocean. Methods: Cross-sectional survey in a representative sample of secondary school students using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire (Global Youth Tobacco Survey). The questionnaire was completed by 1,321 (92%) of 1,442 eligible students aged 11 to 17 years. Main variables of interest included smoking cigarettes on ≥1 day in the past 30 days; drinking any alcohol beverage on ≥1 day in the past 30 days and using cannabis at least once in the past 12 months. Results: In boys and girls, respectively, prevalence (95% CI) was 30% (26.34)/21% (18.25) for smoking, 49% (45.54)/48% (43.52) for drinking, and 17% (15.20)/8% (6.10) for cannabis use. The prevalence of all these behaviors increased with age. Smokers were two times more likely than non-smokers to drink and nine times more likely to use cannabis. Drinkers were three times more likely than non-drinkers to smoke or to use cannabis. Comparison of observed versus expected frequencies of combination categories demonstrated clustering of these risk behaviors in students (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Smoking, drinking and cannabis use were common and clustered among adolescents of a rapidly developing country. These findings stress the need for early and integrated prevention programs.
ACCESSION #
29362314

 

Related Articles

  • Alcohol, Cigarette, and Marijuana Use among Fourth-Grade Urban School Children in 1988/89 and 1990/91. Bush, Patricia J.; Iannotti, Ronald J. // American Journal of Public Health;Jan1993, Vol. 83 Issue 1, p111 

    A public-school-based epidemiological survey of fourth-grade students in Washington, DC, was performed in 1988/99 (n = 4675) and 1990/91 (n = 4678). Comparisons of data for the two periods revealed that the lifetime prevalence of self-reported alcohol use, alcohol use without parental knowledge,...

  • Cross-national differences in clinically significant cannabis problems: epidemiologic evidence from 'cannabis-only' smokers in the United States, Mexico, and Colombia. Fiestas, Fabian; Radovanovic, Mirjana; Martins, Silvia S.; Medina-Mora, Maria E; Posada-Villa, Jose; Anthony, James C. // BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p152 

    Background: Epidemiological studies show wide variability in the occurrence of cannabis smoking and related disorders across countries. This study aims to estimate cross-national variation in cannabis users' experience of clinically significant cannabis-related problems in three countries of the...

  • INTERNATIONAL NEWS.  // People Management;1/10/2008, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p13 

    This section offers news briefs concerning the field of personnel management in Europe as of January 10, 2008. France, Germany and Portugal have introduced workplace smoking bans for 2008. Workers went on strike against plans of the Greek government to reform the national pension system. Police...

  • New Pot Dangers. Pomranz, Kristyn // Good Housekeeping;Mar2008, Vol. 246 Issue 3, p105 

    The article offers some truths about the danger of smoking marijuana. Pot today is dangerously strong. The average level of THC, the active ingredient in marijuana, was less than 1 percent in 1970, but by 2006 it had risen to 7 percent, according to the University of Mississippi's Marijuana...

  • Health care-associated infections more common in developing vs. high-income nations.  // Infectious Disease News;Jan2011, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p20 

    This article focuses on a study published in "The Lancet" which compared the epidemiology of endemic health care-associated infections in developing countries with those in developed countries.

  • Progressions of Alcohol, Cigarette, and Marijuana Use in Adolescence. Duncan, Susan C.; Duncan, Terry E.; Hops, Hyman // Journal of Behavioral Medicine;Aug1998, Vol. 21 Issue 4, p375 

    This study examined the progressive relations among adolescent use of alcohol, cigarettes and marijuana using latent growth curve analyses. Specifically, the present study examined three models to determine (1) the effect of prior cigarette use on alcohol use and development and the relationship...

  • SUBSTANCE USE TRAJECTORIES FROM EARLY ADOLESCECE TO EMERGING ADULTHOOD: A COMPARISON OF SMOKING, BINGE DRINKING, AND MARIJUANA USE. Tucker, Joan S.; Ellickson, Phyllis L.; Orlando, Maria; Martino, Steven C.; Klein, David J. // Journal of Drug Issues;Spring2005, Vol. 35 Issue 2, p307 

    Over the past several years, there has been growing interest in identifying distinct developmental trajectories of substance use. Using data from the RAND Adolescent/ Young Adult Panel Study (N = 6,527), we synthesize our prior findings on patterns of smoking, binge drinking, and marijuana use...

  • Adolescent substance use and peer use: a multilevel analysis of cross-sectional population data. Kristjansson, Alfgeir Logi; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Allegrante, John P. // Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention & Policy;2013, Vol. 8, p1 

    Background: Limited evidence exists concerning the importance of social contexts in adolescent substance use prevention. In addition to the important role schools play in educating young people, they are important ecological platforms for adolescent health, development and behaviors. In this...

  • Reefer Madness. George, Hank // Best's Review;Jan2013, Vol. 113 Issue 9, p86 

    The article focuses on the use of marijuana in connection with applying for life insurance. The author notes that there is no longer any credible basis for regarding adult marijuana users as the risk equivalent of cigarette smokers when they apply for life insurance. He states that evidence does...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics