Obesity and hypertension in an Iranian cohort study; Iranian women experience higher rates of obesity and hypertension than American women

Bahrami, Hossein; Sadatsafavi, Mohsen; Pourshams, Akram; Kamangar, Farin; Nouraei, Mehdi; Semnani, Shahriar; Brennan, Paul; Boffetta, Paolo; Malekzadeh, Reza
January 2006
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p158
Academic Journal
Background: Once considered as the main public health problem in developed countries, obesity has become a major problem throughout the world and developing countries, like Iran, are joining the global obesity pandemic. We determined the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and hypertension in a large cohort of Iranians and compared age-adjusted rates with the rates in the US. Methods: Golestan Cohort Study is a population-based study of 8,998 men and women, aged 35-81 years, from urban and rural areas. Anthropometric parameters were measured by interviewers. Prevalence rates were directly adjusted to the 2000 United States standard population. Results: The age-adjusted prevalence rates of overweight (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m²) and obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m²) in this Iranian population were 62.2% and 28.0%, respectively. Both overweight and obesity were more common in women than men. Age-adjusted prevalence of overweight was significantly higher in Iranian women compared to the American women (68.6% vs. 61.6%), while the age-adjusted prevalence of obesity is closer in these two populations (34.9% vs. 33.2%). Iranian men--compared to American men--had significantly lower age-adjusted prevalence of overweight (53.7% vs. 68.8%) and obesity (16.2% vs. 27.5%). Age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension was higher in Iranian women than American women (35.7% vs. 30.5%). Diabetes mellitus was reported in 6.2% of participants. Mean waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) among women was 0.96. Smoking rates in men and women were 33.2% and 2.2%, respectively. Conclusion: The prevalence of obesity, overweight, and hypertension in Iran is as high as the US. However, Iranian women are more obese than American women and Iranian men are less obese than their American counterparts. This discrepancy might be due to the low rate of smoking among Iranian women. Iranian women have higher mean WHR than what WHO has defined in 19 other populations.


Related Articles

  • Tom Brokaw Contributes To OLC Endowment Fund.  // Tribal College Journal;Summer2004, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p40 

    Tom Brokaw has donated $25,000 to the Nursing Faculty Endowment Fund at Oglala Lakota College (OLC). OLC's goal is to raise $225,000 from South Dakota donors for the Nursing Faculty Endowment Fund and then challenge its donors nationwide to match 2 to 1 the amount raised in South Dakota. With...

  • Capitol Hill Focus of the Society and the New Women's Health Research Coalition. Greenberger, Phyllis // Journal of Women's Health & Gender-Based Medicine;Jul/Aug99, Vol. 8 Issue 6, p729 

    The article focuses on the initiatives of the Society for Women's Health Research in 1999. The Society is interested in the patient-confidentiality issue because much of our work focuses on advancing research on women and creating research opportunities to encourage their participation in...

  • Striking Variation in Coronary Heart Disease Mortality in the United States among Black and White Women Aged 45-54 by State. Sekikawa, Akira; Kuller, Lewis H. // Journal of Women's Health & Gender-Based Medicine;Jun2000, Vol. 9 Issue 5, p545 

    Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death for women in the United States. There has been a substantial decrease in CHD mortality in the past few decades in the United States for both women and men. The change in lifestyle after World War II may affect the incidence of and...

  • Nutrition and Healthy Aging. Finn, Susan Calvert // Journal of Women's Health & Gender-Based Medicine;Sep2000, Vol. 9 Issue 7, p711 

    The article focuses on nutrition and health in aging women in the United States. In this context the statistical information on the population of women 85 years of age and above from 1900 to 2000 is identified. Key nutrients in the older woman's diet are elaborated upon as part of the discussion...

  • Prevalence of preexisting diabetes in pregnancy doubles. Spurgeon, David // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);5/10/2008, Vol. 336 Issue 7652, p1039 

    The article focuses on a large study of a ethnically diverse population in California which was reported in "Diabetes Care". The study found that the prevalence of pre-existing diabetes in pregnancy doubled during the seven years from 1999 to 2005. A discussion of the risk factors for diabetes,...

  • Reference Report on Human Trafficking.  // Kentucky Nurse;Oct-Dec2008, Vol. 56 Issue 4, p8 

    This section presents an update on the actions taken by the 2008 American Nurses Association (ANA) House of Delegates. They include a support for the education of nurses in the skills necessary for the prevention, assessment, and research of violence against women. The ANA also affirms that the...

  • Implications of Family Income Dynamics for Women's Depressive Symptoms During the First 3 Years After Childbirth. Dearing, Eric; Taylor, Beck A.; McCartney, Kathleen // American Journal of Public Health;Aug2004, Vol. 94 Issue 8, p1372 

    Objectives. We examined within-person associations between changes in family income and women's depressive symptoms during the first 3 years after childbirth. Methods. Data were analyzed for 1351 women (mean baseline age=28.13 years) who participated in the National Institute of Child Health and...

  • The Issue is Safety. Darney, Philip D. // La Prensa San Diego;2/28/2014, Vol. 38 Issue 9, p4 

    The article reports on the restriction in reproductive health care to more than half of all American women of reproductive age which has created a potential public health and safety crisis unseen since 1970.

  • What Women With Diabetes Need To Know About The Disease.  // Jet;3/8/2004, Vol. 105 Issue 10, p24 

    Presents information on diabetes which women who have the disease should know. Designation of March as Women's Health Month by the American Diabetes Association; Number of women in the United States with diabetes; Health risks of women with diabetes; Tips on how can women with diabetes manage...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics