Patterns of smoking behavior among physicians in Yerevan, Armenia

Perrin, Paul C.; Merrill, Ray M.; Lindsay, Gordon B.
January 2006
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p139
Academic Journal
Background: Physicians can play an important role in smoking prevention and control. This study will identify smoking prevalence among physicians in Yerevan, Armenia. It will also explore how the smoking behaviors of physicians, their perceived ability to influence patient smoking behavior, and their knowledge about health outcomes related to smoking influence their interaction with patients. Methods: A cross-sectional, self-administered, anonymous survey was conducted in July, 2004, among 12 healthcare facilities in Yerevan. Analyses are based on responses from 240 physicians, representing a 70% response rate. Results: The percentage of current smokers was significantly higher in men than women (48.5% vs. 12.8% regular and 6.8% vs. 4.5% occasional). Among current smokers, 52.7% of men compared with 13.0% of women had previously smoked in the presence of patients. Only 35.3% felt well prepared to assist patients to quit smoking. Physicians who smoke are less likely to ask their patients about their smoking behavior or believe their example is likely to influence their patients. Level of perceived preparedness to assist patients to quit smoking was positively associated with knowledge about known health risks associated with smoking. Conclusion: Smoking prevalence is high among physicians in the 12 healthcare facilities in Yerevan, and a large percentage of physician smoke in the presence of their patients. Physician smoking behavior and knowledge of smoking related health outcomes in Yerevan influences whether they counsel patients regarding smoking.


Related Articles

  • Subtrochanteric and Diaphyseal Femur Fractures in Patients Treated With Alendronate: A Register-Based National Cohort Study. Abrahamsen, Bo; Eiken, Pia; Eastell, Richard // Journal of Bone & Mineral Research;Jun2009, Vol. 24 Issue 6, p1095 

    The article reports on the results of research which was conducted in an effort to determine whether the use of the bisphosphonate alendronate in the treatment of fracture could lead to the development of additional atypical femur fractures. Researchers found that a high number of patients that...

  • Retreatment With Teriparatide One Year After the First Teriparatide Course in Patients on Continued Long-Term Alendronate. Cosman, Felicia; Nieves, Jeri W.; Zion, Marsha; Barbuto, Nancy; Lindsay, Robert // Journal of Bone & Mineral Research;Jun2009, Vol. 24 Issue 6, p1110 

    The article reports on the results of research which was conducted to determine whether a second retreatment course with teriparatide could produce similar biochemical and bone miineral density changes that were seen seen during a previous treatment in people who had been treated previously with...

  • Thrombospondin-2 Influences the Proportion of Cartilage and Bone During Fracture Healing. Taylor, Douglas K.; Meganck, Jeffrey A.; Terkhorn, Shawn; Rajani, Rajiv; Naik, Amish; O'Keefe, Regis J.; Goldstein, Steven A.; Hankenson, Kurt D. // Journal of Bone & Mineral Research;Jun2009, Vol. 24 Issue 6, p1043 

    The article reports on the results of research which was conducted in an effort to determine the impact thromospondin2 had on the proportion of cartilage and bone in fracture healing in mice. Researchers found that the use of thrombospondin-2 could be used as an alternative strategy for...

  • Implementation and outcomes of an active defaulter tracing system for HIV, prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), and TB patients in Kibera, Nairobi, Kenya Thomson, Kerry A.; Cheti, Erastus O.; Reid, Tony // Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene;Jun2011, Vol. 105 Issue 6, p320 

    Summary: Retention of patients in long term care and adherence to treatment regimens are a constant challenge for HIV, prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT), and TB programmes in sub-Saharan Africa. This study describes the implementation and outcomes of an active defaulter...

  • Mutations of SQSTM1 Are Associated With Severity and Clinical Outcome in Paget Disease of Bone. Visconti, Micaela Rios; Langston, Anne L.; Alonso, Nerea; Goodman, Kirsteen; Selby, Peter L.; Fraser, William D.; Ralston, Stuart H. // Journal of Bone & Mineral Research;Nov2010, Vol. 25 Issue 11, p2368 

    The article discusses the mutations of the important predisposing gene SQSTM1 and its association with the clinical outcome and severity in Paget disease of bone (PDB). The researchers investigated 737 patients through two randomized strategies to determine the clinical outcome of SQSTM1...

  • Older people deserve better. Scott, Graham // Nursing Standard;11/17/2010, Vol. 25 Issue 11, p1 

    The author reflects on research which was reported by the National Confidential Enquiry into Patient Outcome and Death and found that many older British patients are receiving sub-standard medical care. He suggests that the findings of the research are alarming. He argues that undergoing surgery...

  • Pump-controlled retrograde trial off: considerations. Mattke, Adrian C.; Black, Anthony; Venugopal, Prem // Perfusion;Mar2019, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p173 

    No abstract available.

  • Quit stalling on the smoking ban.  // Aviation Week & Space Technology;9/18/1989, Vol. 131 Issue 12, p11 

    Editorial. Discusses the total smoking ban on all US domestic flights passed by the Senate and the common decency it embodies. The ban is attached to the Fiscal 1990 Transportation Dept. appropriations bill that needs House approval.

  • Ten-year lobbying effort results in smoking ban on most U.S. flights.  // Aviation Week & Space Technology;10/23/1989, Vol. 131 Issue 17, p71 

    Reports that a 10-year lobbying effort by various groups resulted in a nearly total ban on smoking on all domestic US flights that last six hours or less. Flights exempted; House negotiations; Reactions.

  • Lights out for smoking. Stanwood, L. // Current Health 2;Feb1991, Vol. 17 Issue 6, p14 

    Examines what factors could help achieve the goal of a smoke-free society by the year 2000. Decline in the rate of smoking from 1965 to present; Factors contributing to the decline in smoking; Benefits of a smoke-free society.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics