Periodontal disease and atherosclerosis from the viewpoint of the relationship between community periodontal index of treatment needs and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity

Miyaki, Koichi; Masaki, Katsunori; Naito, Mariko; Naito, Toru; Hoshi, Keika; Hara, Asako; Tohyama, Shugo; Nakayama, Takeo
January 2006
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p131
Academic Journal
Background: It has been suggested that periodontal disease may be an independent risk factor for the development of atherosclerosis. However, the relationship between periodontal disease and atherosclerosis has not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to assess the effects of periodontal disease on atherosclerosis. Methods: The study design was a cross-sectional study. Subjects were 291 healthy male workers in Japan. We used the Community Periodontal Index of Treatment Needs (CPITN) score, average probing depth and gingival bleeding index (rate of bleeding gums) to assess the severity of periodontal disease. We also used the Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity (baPWV) as the index for the development of atherosclerosis. Results: The unadjusted odds ratio (OR) of atherosclerosis in relation to the CPITN score was 1.41 [95% CI: 1.16-1.73]. However, after adjustment for age, systolic blood pressure and smoking, the CPITN score had no relationship with atherosclerosis (adjusted OR: 0.91 [0.68-1.20]). Conclusion: Our results show no relationship between mild periodontal disease and atherosclerosis after appropriate adjustments.


Related Articles

  • Gumming Up The Works.  // New York Amsterdam News;12/10/98, Vol. 89 Issue 50, p17 

    Focuses on the factors that can contribute to periodontal disease. Includes smoking or chewing tobacco; Defective restorations that may lead to plaque retention; Medications such as steroids.

  • CORRECTION.  // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;4/16/2014, Vol. 311 Issue 15, p1568 

    A correction to the article "Blood Pressure Trajectories in Early Adulthood and Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Middle Age" that was published in the February 5, 2014 issue of the "Journal of the American Medical Association" (JAMA) is presented.

  • Calcium channel blockers: do they have pleiotropic effects on atherosclerosis? Perez, IF Soltero // Journal of Human Hypertension;Apr2000 Supplement, Vol. 14 Issue 4, pS96 

    Since 1980, calcium channel blockers (CCBs) have been used effectively to lower high blood pressure (HBP). Flekestein proposed that CCBs could be used to avoid calcium deposition on the arterial wall, one of the main components of atherosclerosis. This is also called ectopic calcium. This review...

  • Use of the ankle-to-arm blood pressure index.  // American Family Physician;1/1/1994, Vol. 49 Issue 1, p238 

    Focuses on the use of the ankle-to-arm blood pressure index as a screening test for asymptomatic atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease as reported by Vogt and associates in the July 28, 1993 issue of the `Journal of the American Medical Association.' Predictor of morbidity and mortality;...

  • Differential effects of the changes of LDL cholesterol and systolic blood pressure on the risk of carotid artery atherosclerosis. Kuo-Liong Chien; Yu-Kang Tu; Hsiu-Ching Hsu; Ta-Chen Su; Hung-Ju Lin; Ming-Fong Chen; Yuan-Teh Lee // BMC Cardiovascular Disorders;2012, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p66 

    Background: The effects of baseline and changes in blood pressure and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol on the carotid intima media thickness (IMT) have not been well documented. Methods: A total of 2572 adults (mean age 53.8 years, 54.6% women) in a Taiwanese community undertook three...

  • Human microbiome: a fascinating underworld dictating our health? Samaranayake, Lakshman // Journal of Investigative & Clinical Dentistry;Feb2013, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p1 

    An introduction is presented in which the editor discusses various articles within the issue on topics which include the prevalence of Prevotella nigrescens in periodontitis, periodontal pathogens present during pregnancy, and biodegradable scaffolding material that has potential in stem cell...

  • Low diastolic BP likely reflects widespread atherosclerosis.  // Geriatrics;Aug96, Vol. 51 Issue 8, p23 

    Reports on that low diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in older patients may be the result of vascular damage caused by atherosclerosis according to the research team of Dr. Diedrick Grobbee. Background information; Suggestions.

  • The Predictive Value of Lipid Markers in Vascular Disease. Milionis, H. J.; Daskalopoulou, S. S.; Elisaf, M.; Mikhailidis, D. P. // Current Pharmaceutical Design;Jun2005, Vol. 11 Issue 17, p2209 

    Lipid markers are well established predictors of vascular disease. The most frequently measured lipid variables are total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides. In this review we consider the predictive value of these variables...

  • Keywords.  // Cardiovascular Research;2002, Vol. 55 Issue 4, p877 

    No abstract available.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics