TITLE

Estimating and projecting HIV prevalence and AIDS deaths in Tanzania using antenatal surveillance data

AUTHOR(S)
Somi, Geofrey R.; Matee, Mecky I. N.; Swai, Roland O.; Lyamuya, Eligius F.; Killewo, Japhet; Kwesigabo, Gideon; Tulli, Tuhuma; Kabalimu, Titus K.; Ng'ang'a, Lucy; Isingo, Raphael; Ndayongeje, Joel
PUB. DATE
January 2006
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6, p120
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: The Estimations and Projections Package (EPP 2005) for HIV/AIDS estimates and projects HIV prevalence, number of people living with HIV and new HIV infections and AIDS cases using antenatal clinic (ANC) surveillance data. The prevalence projection produced by EPP can be transferred to SPECTRUM, a demographic projection model, to calculate the number of AIDS deaths. This paper presents estimates and projections of HIV prevalence, new cases of HIV infections and AIDS deaths in Tanzania between 2001 and 2010 using the EPP 2005 and SPECTRUM soft-wares on ANC data. Methods: For this study we used; the 1985 - 2004 ANC data set, the 2005 UN population estimates for urban and rural adults, which is based on the 2002 population census, and results of the 2003 Tanzania HIV Indicator Survey. The ANC surveillance sites were categorized into urban and rural areas on the basis of the standard national definitions of urban and rural areas, which led to 40 urban and 35 rural clinic sites. The rural and urban epidemics were run independently by fitting the model to all data and on level fits. Results: The national HIV prevalence increased from 0% in 1981 to a peak of 8.1% in 1995, and gradually decreased to 6.5% in 2004 which stabilized until 2010. The urban HIV epidemic increased from 0% in 1981 peaking at 12.6% in 1992 and leveled to between 10.9% and 11.8% from 2003 to 2010. The rural epidemic peaked in 1995 at 7.0% and gradually declined to 5.2% in 2004, and then stabilized at between 5.1% and 5.3% from 2005 to 2010. New infections are projected to rise steadily, resulting in 250,000 new cases in 2010. Deaths due to AIDS started in 1985 and rose steadily to reach 120,000 deaths in 2010, with more females dying than men. Conclusion: The fact that the number of new infections is projected to increase steadily to reach 250,000 per year in 2010 calls for more concerted efforts to combat the spread of HIV infection particularly in the rural areas where the infrastructure needed for prevention programmes such as counseling and testing, condom accessibility and AIDS information is less developed.
ACCESSION #
29362266

 

Related Articles

  • Anti-HIV-1 Microbicides - 'Chemical Condoms' Designed to Limit the Scourge of the HIV-1 Pandemic. Scholand, Stephen J.; DeSimone, Joseph A.; Pomerantz, Roger J. // Current Pharmaceutical Design;Nov2005, Vol. 11 Issue 29, p3747 

    The HIV pandemic continues to spread throughout the world, particularly affecting populations in developing countries. Women now comprise half of those infected. Efforts to limit this scourge need to be maximally implemented. A multi-faceted approach, including the research and advance of...

  • Heterogeneity of the HIV epidemic in the general population of Karnataka state, south India. Banandur, Pradeep; Rajaram, Subramanian Potty; Mahagaonkar, Sangameshwar B.; Bradley, Janet; Ramesh, Banadakoppa M.; Washington, Reynold G.; Blanchard, James F.; Moses, Stephen; Lowndes, Catherine M.; Alary, Michel // BMC Public Health;2011 Supplement 6, Vol. 11 Issue Suppl 6, p1 

    Background: In the context of AVAHAN, the India AIDS Initiative of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, general population surveys (GPS) were carried out between 2006 and 2008 in Belgaum (northern), Bellary (mid-state) and Mysore (southern) districts of Karnataka state, south India. Data from...

  • Development of Research Capability in Ethiopia: The Ethio-Netherlands HIV/AIDS Research Project (ENARP), 1994-2002. Sanders, Eduard; Messele, Tsehaynesh; Wolday, Dawit; Dorigo-Zetsma, Wendelien; Woldemichael, Tilahun; Geyid, Aberra; Coutinho, Roel // Northeast African Studies;2000, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p101 

    In 1992, HIV/AIDS researchers in Amsterdam were invited to work in part-nership with researchers in Ethiopia to build an HIV/AIDS research infra-structure in Addis Ababa. This project, which began in 1994, was envisioned to contribute meaningfully to fighting the HIV pandemic in the decades to...

  • Historic Global AIDS Initiative Established but Funding Levels Remain Uncertain.  // Bay Area Reporter;6/26/2003, Vol. 33 Issue 26, OUT Reach p3 

    Stresses the need for funding to support global AIDS initiatives. Announcement made by U.S. President George W. Bush during his January 2003 State of the Union Address calling for U.S. leadership against the global HIV pandemic; Countries cited by Bush as focus of the fight against AIDS;...

  • Women in developing nations find it difficult to prevent HIV/AIDS.  // Contemporary Sexuality;Mar2004, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p8 

    This article reports on the prevalence of HIV/AIDS among women worldwide. According to Peter Piot, executive director of the United Nations Programs on HIV/AIDS, many girls and women are unable to negotiate relationships based on abstinence, faithfulness, and the use of condoms because of their...

  • MICRO BICIDES. KARIM, SALIM S. ABDOOL // UN Chronicle;2011, Vol. 48 Issue 1, p14 

    The article focuses on the benefits of the tenofovir drug in enabling women to protect themselves from sexual transmission of HIV infection. It discusses the findings of a double-blind, randomized controlled trial by the Centre for the AIDS Programme of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA) showing...

  • Another kind of war. Briggs, Jimmie // New York Amsterdam News;1/10/2008, Vol. 99 Issue 3, p30 

    The article reports on the increase in HIV and AIDS infections among women in Zambia. Women and young girls constitute 60% of the HIV-infected persons. This has been reportedly due to gender-based violence, specifically rape and assault. According to a report, an estimated 12 girls are raped...

  • The prevalence of HIV infection in women attending antenatal clinics in Fiji. Washington, Charles H.; Singer, Lauren M.; McCaig, Tauta; Tikoduadua, Lisi; Ali, Sophaganine T.; Fang, James; Luveni, Jiko; Kyaw-Myint, Thane O.; Watson, Stuart; Russell, Fiona // Papua New Guinea Medical Journal;2008, Vol. 51 Issue 1/2, p56 

    HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) is an increasing concern in the South Pacific. We estimate, based on reported figures, that the prevalence of HIV infection in women attending antenatal clinics in Fiji in 2003 was 0.04%. The number of children born to HIV-positive mothers is small, though...

  • The silent voices of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Canada: African and Caribbean women in Toronto. Tharao, Esther; Massaquoi, Notisha; Teclom, Senait // Network Magazine of the Canadian Women's Health Network;Fall2005/Winter2006, Vol. 8 Issue 1/2, p13 

    The article cites data which indicates that African and Caribbean communities have now become a significant component of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Ontario. In the period between 1994-1996, more than 70% of all maternal HIV transmissions in Ontario were amongst African and Caribbean women, and in...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics