TITLE

Acute health effects of the Tasman Spirit oil spill on residents of Karachi, Pakistan

AUTHOR(S)
Janjua, Naveed Zafar; Kasi, Pashtoon Murtaza; Nawaz, Haq; Farooqui, Sadia Zohra; Khuwaja, Urooj Bakht; Najam-ul-Hassan; Jafri, Syed Nadim; Lutfi, Shahid Ali; Kadir, Muhammad Masood; Sathiakumar, Nalini
PUB. DATE
January 2006
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p84
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: On July 27 2003, a ship carrying crude oil run aground near Karachi and after two weeks released 37,000 tons of its cargo into the sea. Oil on the coastal areas and fumes in air raised health concerns among people. We assessed the immediate health impact of oil spill from the tanker Tasman Spirit on residents of the affected coastline in Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: We conducted a study consisting of an exposed group including adults living in houses on the affected shoreline and two control groups (A and B) who lived at the distance of 2 km and 20 km away from the sea, respectively. We selected households through systematic sampling and interviewed an adult male and female in each household about symptoms relating to eyes, respiratory tract, skin and nervous system, smoking, allergies, beliefs about the effect on their health and anxiety about the health effects. We used logistic regression procedures to model each symptom as an outcome and the exposure status as an independent variable while adjusting for confounders. We also used linear regression procedure to assess the relationship exposure status with symptoms score; calculated by summation of all symptoms. Results: Overall 400 subjects were interviewed (exposed, n = 216; group A, n = 83; and group B, n = 101). The exposed group reported a higher occurrence of one or more symptoms compared to either of the control groups (exposed, 96% vs. group A, 70%, group B 85%; P < 0.001). Mean summary symptom scores were higher among the exposed group (14.5) than control group A (4.5) and control group B (3.8, P < 0.001). Logistic regression models indicated that there were statistically significant, moderate-to-strong associations (Prevalence ORs (POR) ranging from 2.3 to 37.0) between the exposed group and the symptoms. There was a trend of decreasing symptom-specific PORs with increase in distance from the spill site. Multiple linear regression model revealed strong relationship of exposure status with the symptoms score (β = 8.24, 95% CI: 6.37 - 10.12). Conclusion: Results suggest that the occurrence of increased symptoms among the exposed group is more likely to be due to exposure to the crude oil spill.
ACCESSION #
29362233

 

Related Articles

  • Drinking water incidents due to chemical contamination in England and Wales, 2006-2008.  // Journal of Water & Health;Dec2010, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p735 

    No abstract available.

  • Risk assessment of heavy metals and their source distribution in waters of a contaminated industrial site. Krishna, A.; Mohan, K. // Environmental Science & Pollution Research;Mar2014, Vol. 21 Issue 5, p3653 

    Industrially contaminated sites with hazardous materials are a priority and urgent problem all over the world. Appropriate risk assessment is required to determine health risks associated with contaminated sites. The present study was conducted to investigate distribution of potentially...

  • Grand Rounds: Nephrotoxicity in a Young Child Exposed to Uranium from Contaminated Well Water. Magdo, H. Sonali; Forman, Joel; Graber, Nathan; Newman, Brooke; Klein, Kathryn; Satlin, Lisa; Amler, Robert W.; Winston, Jonathan A.; Landrigan, Philip J. // Environmental Health Perspectives;Aug2007, Vol. 115 Issue 8, p1237 

    CONTEXT: Private wells that tap groundwater are largely exempt from federal drinking-water regulations, and in most states well water is not subject to much of the mandatory testing required of public water systems. Families that rely on private wells are thus at risk of exposure to a variety of...

  • GOVERNMENT CUTS COULD RESULT IN RAPID RISE OF SUPERBUGS.  // Operating Theatre Journal;Nov2010, Issue 242, p3 

    The article focuses on Kays Medical biohazard decontamination specialists, who mention that the cost-cutting made by the government of Great Britain on cleaning solutions could lead to a rapid increase in fatal infections including New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM)-1, Clostridium difficile...

  • Formalin--the body of evidence.  // RoSPA Occupational Safety & Health Journal;Jul2003, Vol. 33 Issue 7, p11 

    Deals with the findings of research on the health risks posed by formalin used for embalming in Great Britain. Medical conditions associated with exposure to formaldehyde or glutaraldehyde; Industrial application of fomalin; Risk posed by formalin exposure to funeral workers.

  • Gulf oil spill exposes gaps in public health knowledge. Woodward, Cal // CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal;9/7/2010, Vol. 182 Issue 12, p1290 

    The article presents a reprint of the article regarding the lack unawareness of experts on the health effects of the oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, which appeared at www.cmaj.ca. It states that during the congressional hearings in Washington, D.C., Aubrey Miller of National Institute of...

  • Large-scale oil spills and flag-use within the global tanker fleet. MILLER, DANA D.; TOOLEY, KATHRYN; SUMAILA, U. RASHID // Environmental Conservation;Jun2015, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p119 

    Within the global oil shipping sector, flag states that inadequately fulfil obligations to effectively exert jurisdiction over vessels flying their flags have been criticized for facilitating the existence of substandard ships. This paper examines the topic of flag-use and its potential...

  • Professor POU/POE. Cotruvo, Dr. Joseph // Water Technology;Oct2013, Vol. 36 Issue 10, p18 

    The article presents questions and answers related to the health risk associated with bacteria growing on carbon filters, particularly heterotrophic bacteria.

  • Domestic water carrying and its implications for health: a review and mixed methods pilot study in Limpopo Province, South Africa. Geere, Jo-Anne L.; Hunter, Paul R.; Jagals, Paul // Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source;2010, Vol. 9, p52 

    Background: Lack of access to safe water remains a significant risk factor for poor health in developing countries. There has been little research into the health effects of frequently carrying containers of water. The aims of this study were to better understand how domestic water carrying is...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics