Psychosocial and other working conditions in relation to body mass index in a representative sample of Australian workers

Ostry, Aleck S.; Radi, Samia; Louie, Amber M.; LaMontagne, Anthony D.
January 2006
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p53
Academic Journal
Background: The aim of the study was to examine the relationship between psychosocial and other working conditions and body-mass index (BMI) in a working population. This study contributes to the approximately dozen investigations of job stress, which have demonstrated mixed positive and negative results in relation to obesity, overweight and BMI. Methods: A cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted among working Australians in the state of Victoria. Participants were contacted by telephone from a random sample of phone book listings. Information on body mass index was self-reported as were psychosocial work conditions assessed using the demand/control and effort/reward imbalance models. Other working conditions measured included working hours, shift work, and physical demand. Separate linear regression analyses were undertaken for males and females, with adjustment for potential confounders. Results: A total of 1101 interviews (526 men and 575 women) were completed. Multivariate models (adjusted for socio-demographics) demonstrated no associations between job strain, as measured using the demand/control model, or ERI using the effort/reward imbalance model (after further adjustment for over commitment) and BMI among men and women. Multivariate models demonstrated a negative association between low reward and BMI among women. Among men, multivariate models demonstrated positive associations between high effort, high psychological demand, long working hours and BMI and a negative association between high physical demand and BMI. After controlling for the effort/reward imbalance or the demand/control model, the association between physical demand and working longer hours and BMI remained. Conclusion: Among men and women the were differing patterns of both exposures to psychosocial working conditions and associations with BMI. Among men, working long hours was positively associated with higher BMI and this association was partly independent of job stress. Among men physical demand was negatively associated with BMI and this association was independent of job stress.


Related Articles

  • Influence of job strain on changes in body mass index and waist circumference—6-year longitudinal study. Ishizaki, Masao; Nakagawa, Hideaki; Morikawa, Yuko; Honda, Ryumon; Yamada, Yuichi; Kawakami, Norito // Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health;Aug2008, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p288 

    The article presents a 6-year longitudinal study of the influence of job strain on the changes in body mass index and waist circumference. The study aims to analyze the effect of changes in psychosocial workplace characteristics on weight gain and abdominal obesity. Job demand, and measurements...

  • Effort-reward imbalance at work and 5-year changes in blood pressure: the mediating effect of changes in body mass index among 1400 white-collar workers. Trudel, Xavier; Brisson, Chantal; Milot, Alain; Masse, Benoit; Vézina, Michel // International Archives of Occupational & Environmental Health;Nov2016, Vol. 89 Issue 8, p1229 

    Purpose: A number of prospective studies have documented the effect of adverse psychosocial work factors (work stress) on high blood pressure (BP). Weight gain could be an important pathway by which work stress exerts its effect on BP. No previous prospective study has examined this mediating...

  • When workplace interventions lead to negative effects: Learning from failures. Aust, Birgit; Rugulies, Reiner; Finken, Annett; Jensen, Chris // Scandinavian Journal of Public Health;Feb2010, Vol. 38 Issue 1, p106 

    Aims: To investigate if workplace interventions resulted in changes in the psychosocial work environment. Process evaluation was conducted to study the implementation process and to use this knowledge to understand the results. Methods: Seven intervention units (n=128) and seven non-randomized...

  • Positive work-related states and long-term sickness absence: A study of register-based outcomes. CLAUSEN, THOMAS; CHRISTENSEN, KARL BANG; BORG, VILHELM // Scandinavian Journal of Public Health;Feb2010 Supplement 3, Vol. 38 Issue S3, p51 

    Aims: To investigate the association between positive work-related states and long-term sickness absence (LTSA). The positive states that were investigated were commitment to the work-place (CW) and experience of meaning of work (MW). Methods: This association was investigated using Poisson...

  • Psychosocial work dimensions, personality, and body mass index: Sex differences. Blanch, Angel; Aluja, Anton // International Journal of Occupational Medicine & Environmental H;Aug2013, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p572 

    Objectives: The association between psychosocial work dimensions (i.e. demand and control) and obesity has been found to be inconclusive, indicating that individual differences factors might also contribute to explain the variability in BMI. Materials and Methods: The interaction between work...

  • Effect of Body Mass Index on work related musculoskeletal discomfort and occupational stress of computer workers in a developed ergonomic setup.  // SMARTT: Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & ;2011, Vol. 3 Issue 1, p22 

    The article presents a study which examines the effect of Body Mass Index (BMI) on work related musculoskeletal discomfort and occupational stress among computer workers in a developed ergonomic setup. It mentions 100 computer workers were randomly selected, who participates in the study. It...

  • Occupational risk of overweight and obesity: an analysis of the Australian Health Survey. Allman-Farinelli, Margaret A.; Chey, Tien; Merom, Dafna; Bauman, Adrian E. // Journal of Occupational Medicine & Toxicology;2010, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p14 

    Background: Adults spend about one third of their day at work and occupation may be a risk factor for obesity because of associated socioeconomic and behavioral factors such as physical activity and sedentary time. The aim of this study was to examine body mass index (BMI) and prevalence of...

  • Can the job content questionnaire be used to assess structural and organizational properties of the work environment? Persson, Roger; Hansen, Åse; Garde, Anne; Kristiansen, Jesper; Nordander, Catarina; Balogh, Istvan; Ohlsson, Kerstina; Östergren, Per-Olof; Ørbæk, Palle // International Archives of Occupational & Environmental Health;Jan2012, Vol. 85 Issue 1, p45 

    Objective: The theory behind the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) presumes that the 'objective' social environment is measurable via self-report inventories such as the JCQ. Hence, it is expected that workers in identical work will respond highly similar. However, since no studies have evaluated...

  • Effects of job strain on fatigue: cross-sectional and prospective views of the job content questionnaire and effortereward imbalance in the GAZEL cohort. Sembajwe, Grace; Wahrendorf, Morten; Siegrist, Johannes; Sitta, Remi; Zins, Marie; Goldberg, Marcel; Berkman, Lisa // Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Jun2012, Vol. 69 Issue 6, p377 

    Objectives The objectives this study were (1) to investigate correlations between measures of psychosocial workplace stress as measured in separate years by the Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) and EfforteReward Imbalance (ERI) scales; (2) to establish a valid measure of psychosocial job stress...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics