Seasonal patterns of suicides over the period of socio-economic transition in Lithuania

Kalediene, Ramune; Starkuviene, Skirmante; Petrauskiene, Jadvyga
January 2006
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p40
Academic Journal
Background: In Lithuania, suicides are a grave public health problem, requiring more extensive investigation. The aim of the study was to assess the seasonal variations of suicides in Lithuania throughout the years 1993-2002, describing patterns by gender, age and method of suicide. Methods: The study material consisted of all registered suicides (n = 16,147) committed throughout 1993-2002 in Lithuania. Smoothed trends were inspected. The seasonal effect was explored using monthly ratio statistics and spectral analysis. Results: Suicides in Lithuania have a distinct annual rhythm with peaks in summer and troughs in December. The December frequencies fell by more than 23% in men and 30% in women, while June peak reached nearly 23% in men and July peak exceeded 29% in women, compare with the average levels, (p < 0.05). Hanging was the most common method of suicide both in men and women comprising up to 90% among all suicides in 1998-2002. Among different methods, only hanging suicides showed significant seasonal variations, especially in men. The seasonal amplitude has decreased over time. Conclusion: Substantial seasonal variations in suicides were associated with a high proportion of hanging. Extremely high suicide rates in Lithuania require further extensive studies and urgent preventive programs, taking into account the suggestions of this survey.


Related Articles

  • Seasonal variation in suicidal deaths. Lester, David; Lester, D // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jun71, Vol. 118 Issue 547, p627 

    The article presents the study which investigates the seasonal variation in suicidal death in the U.S. This study analyzes the information in the upstate New York from 1966 to 1967, where significant differences of suicidal deaths were found when compared with chance expectations. Collected data...

  • DELAYED DEATH AFTER ATTEMPTED SUICIDE BY HANGING. Bhoi, S. B.; Tumram, N. K.; Shinde, D. K.; Chandekar, K. S. // Journal of Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology;Jul-Dec 2013, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p86 

    Hanging is one of the most common methods of suicide in India in which death of the individual occurs instantaneously. However, a few cases have been reported in literature in which death has occurred after a certain period or the patient has survived after prolonged resuscitative measures. Here...

  • Factors associated with choice of high lethality methods in suicide attempters: a cross-sectional study. Sang Hoon Oh; Soo Hyun Kim; Kyu Nam Park; Young Min Kim; Han Joon Kim; Kyoung Uk Lee // International Journal of Mental Health Systems;2014, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p30 

    Background Most attempted suicides have a low lethality, but hanging, drowning, and jumping from a great height have a high risk of completed suicide. The aim of this study was to assess the sociodemographic profiles of patients who attempted suicide using high lethality methods relative to all...

  • Unplanned Complex Suicide. Shelake, Manohar; Ninal, Nitin; Bardale, Rajesh; Kurhe, Yogita // Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine & Pathology;Apr-Jun2015, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p61 

    Suicide is an act of self-inflicted, self-intentioned taking of one's life. The term "complex suicide" refers to suicides in which more than one method is employed to commit suicide. A dead body of a 34 year old female was brought to mortuary of Government Medical College Hospital Miraj for...

  • Vowel classification based on fundamental frequency and formant frequencies. Hillenbrand, James; Gayvert, Robert T. // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Aug93, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p694 

    Discusses the use of a quadratic discriminant classification technique to classify spectral measurements from vowels spoken by men, women and children. Goals for classifying vowels; Evaluation of nonlinear auditory transforms; Comparison of the different normalization schemes; Difference...

  • LIBS finds a niche for portable applications. Bell, Ken // Laser Focus World;Aug2001, Vol. 37 Issue 8, pS7 

    Deals with laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS), a tool which allows detection and measurement of elemental species in a variety of matrices. Explanation on the principle of LIBS; Tips on gaining of quantitative information about the elements present in a sample; Overview and...

  • Investigation of Demographic Variables and Types of Suspension in Suicidal Hanging. Memarian, Azadeh; Aghakhani, Kamran; Soltani, Babak; Soltani, Siamak // Journal of Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine & Toxicology;Jul-Dec2019, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p57 

    Introduction: Suicide is considered as an intentional self-killing which happened because of complex factors, its rates are various from country to country. Typically, the suicide rate for men are more than women. Selecting an effective way for suicide could influence by complex elements...

  • Triblock Copolymer Theory: Ordered ABC Lamellar Phase. Ren, X.; Wei, J. // Journal of Nonlinear Science;Mar2003, Vol. 13 Issue 2, p175 

    The ABC lamellar phase of a triblock copolymer in the strong segregation region is studied on periodic and bounded intervals. In the periodic case we find a family of local minimizers of the free energy functional all with a fine lamellar structure. Among these local minimizers we identify the...

  • Curie-point Depth from Spectral Analysis of Magnetic Data in Erciyes Stratovolcano (Central TURKEY). Maden, Nafiz // Pure & Applied Geophysics;Mar2010, Vol. 167 Issue 3, p349 

    Curie-point depth and heat flow values of the Erciyes region are determined to identify the thermal regime of the Central Anatolia by applying the spectral analysis method to the magnetic anomaly data. To compute the spectrum of the data, the magnetic anomaly of the region is transformed into...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics