Do people with risky behaviours participate in biomedical cohort studies?

Taylor, Anne W.; Dal Grande, Eleonora; Gill, Tiffany; Chittleborough, Catherine R.; Wilson, David H.; Adams, Robert J.; Grant, Janet F.; Phillips, Patrick; Ruffin, Richard E.
January 2006
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
Background: Analysis was undertaken on data from randomly selected participants of a biomedical cohort study to assess representativeness. The research hypotheses was that there was no difference in participation and non-participations in terms of health-related indicators (smoking, alcohol use, body mass index, physical activity, blood pressure and cholesterol readings and overall health status) and selected socio-demographics (age, sex, area of residence, education level, marital status and work status). Methods: Randomly selected adults were recruited into a bio-medical representative cohort study based in the north western suburbs of the capital of South Australia -- Adelaide. Comparison data was obtained from cross-sectional surveys of randomly selected adults in the same age range and in the same region. The cohort participants were 4060 randomly selected adults (18+ years). Results: There were no major differences between study participants and the comparison population in terms of current smoking status, body mass index, physical activity, overall health status and proportions with current high blood pressure and cholesterol readings. Significantly more people who reported a medium to very high alcohol risk participated in the study. There were some demographic differences with study participants more likely to be in the middle level of household income and education level. Conclusion: People with risky behaviours participated in this health study in the same proportions as people without these risk factors.


Related Articles

  • Body Mass Index, Smoking, and Alcohol and Risks of Barrett's Esophagus and Esophageal Adenocarcinoma: A UK Prospective Cohort Study. Yates, Max; Cheong, Edward; Luben, Robert; Igali, Laszlo; Fitzgerald, Rebecca; Khaw, Kay-Tee; Hart, Andrew // Digestive Diseases & Sciences;Jul2014, Vol. 59 Issue 7, p1552 

    Background: The timing of the risk factors cigarette smoking, alcohol and obesity in the development of Barrett's esophagus (BE) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) is unclear. Aims: To investigate these exposures in the aetiology of BE and EAC in the same population. Methods: The cohort...

  • Physiological Responses and Evaluation of Effects of BMI, Smoking and Drinking in High Altitude Acclimatization: A Cohort Study in Chinese Han Young Males. Peng, Qian-qian; Basang, Zhuoma; Cui, Chao-ying; Li, Lei; Qian, Ji; Gesang, Quzhen; Yang, La; La, Zong; De, Yang; Dawa, Puchi; Qu, Ni; Suo, Qu; Dan, Zhen; Xiao, Duoji; Wang, Xiao-feng; Jin, Li // PLoS ONE;Nov2013, Vol. 8 Issue 11, p1 

    High altitude acclimatization is a series of physiological responses taking places when subjects go to altitude. Many factors could influence these processes, such as altitude, ascending speed and individual characteristics. In this study, based on a repeated measurement design of three...

  • Blood pressure, body mass index and risk of cardiovascular disease in Chinese men and women. Hongwei Wang; Jie Cao; Jianxin Li; Jichun Chen; Xigui Wu; Xiufang Duan; Jianfeng Huang; Dongfeng Gu // BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p189 

    Background: It is still uncertain whether increased blood pressure (BP) has a stronger effect on the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in lean persons than in obese persons. We tested it using a data set collected from a large cohort of Chinese adults. Methods: Systolic and diastolic BP, body...

  • Correlates of menstrual cycle characteristics among nulliparous Danish women. Hahn, Kristen A.; Wise, Lauren A.; Riis, Anders H.; Mikkelsen, Ellen M.; Rothman, Kenneth J.; Banholzer, Kristen; Hatch, Elizabeth E. // Clinical Epidemiology;2013, Vol. 5, p311 

    Objective: We examined the association between lifestyle factors and menstrual cycle characteristics among nulliparous Danish women aged 18-40 years who were participating in an Internet-based prospective cohort study of pregnancy planners. Methods: We used cross-sectional data collected at...

  • Body mass index and mortality in men: evaluating the shape of the association. Gelber, R. P.; Kurth, T.; Manson, J. E.; Buring, J. E.; Gaziano, J. M. // International Journal of Obesity;Aug2007, Vol. 31 Issue 8, p1240 

    Objective:Controversy regarding the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and mortality continues to exist. Most of the previous studies have not comprehensively accounted for major sources of bias. We examined the association between BMI and all-cause mortality according to pre-existing...

  • Anthropometric assessment of abdominal obesity and coronary heart disease risk in men: the PRIME study. Gruson, E.; Montaye, M.; Kee, F.; Wagner, A.; Bingham, A.; Ruidavets, J.-B.; Haas, B.; Evans, A.; Ferrières, J.; Ducimetière, P. P.; Amouyel, P.; Dallongeville, J. // Heart;Jan2010, Vol. 96 Issue 2, p136 

    Objective: Waist-to-height ratio is an anthropometric indicator of abdominal obesity that accounts for stature. Earlier studies have reported marked associations between the waist-to-height ratio and cardiovascular risk factors. The goal of this study was to compare the associations of...

  • Parental risk factors and anorectal malformations: systematic review and meta-analysis. Zwink, Nadine; Jenetzky, Ekkehart; Brenner, Hermann // Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases;2011, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p25 

    Background: Anorectal malformations (ARM) are rare forms of congenital uro-rectal anomalies with largely unknown causes. Besides genetic factors, prenatal exposures of the parents to nicotine, alcohol, caffeine, illicit drugs, occupational hazards, overweight/obesity and diabetes mellitus are...

  • Shared Health Behaviors Among Older Mexican American Spouses. Stimpson, Jim P.; Masel, Meredith C.; Rudkin, Laura; Peek, M. Kristen // American Journal of Health Behavior;Sep/Oct2006, Vol. 30 Issue 5, p495 

    Objective: To assess the association of health behaviors among husbands and wives. Methods: Cohort study of 553 Mexican American couples aged 65 years or older from the Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (HEPESE). Multivariate regression analyses test...

  • Association of blood lead to blood pressure in men aged 55 to 75 years: effect of selected social and biochemical confounders Menotti, Alessandro; Menditto, Antonio; Spagnolo, Amedeo; Moris, Gino // Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements;1994 Supplement 9, Vol. 102, p107 

    No abstract available.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics