Do people with risky behaviours participate in biomedical cohort studies?

Taylor, Anne W.; Dal Grande, Eleonora; Gill, Tiffany; Chittleborough, Catherine R.; Wilson, David H.; Adams, Robert J.; Grant, Janet F.; Phillips, Patrick; Ruffin, Richard E.
January 2006
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
Background: Analysis was undertaken on data from randomly selected participants of a biomedical cohort study to assess representativeness. The research hypotheses was that there was no difference in participation and non-participations in terms of health-related indicators (smoking, alcohol use, body mass index, physical activity, blood pressure and cholesterol readings and overall health status) and selected socio-demographics (age, sex, area of residence, education level, marital status and work status). Methods: Randomly selected adults were recruited into a bio-medical representative cohort study based in the north western suburbs of the capital of South Australia -- Adelaide. Comparison data was obtained from cross-sectional surveys of randomly selected adults in the same age range and in the same region. The cohort participants were 4060 randomly selected adults (18+ years). Results: There were no major differences between study participants and the comparison population in terms of current smoking status, body mass index, physical activity, overall health status and proportions with current high blood pressure and cholesterol readings. Significantly more people who reported a medium to very high alcohol risk participated in the study. There were some demographic differences with study participants more likely to be in the middle level of household income and education level. Conclusion: People with risky behaviours participated in this health study in the same proportions as people without these risk factors.


Related Articles

  • Blood pressure, body mass index and risk of cardiovascular disease in Chinese men and women. Hongwei Wang; Jie Cao; Jianxin Li; Jichun Chen; Xigui Wu; Xiufang Duan; Jianfeng Huang; Dongfeng Gu // BMC Public Health;2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p189 

    Background: It is still uncertain whether increased blood pressure (BP) has a stronger effect on the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in lean persons than in obese persons. We tested it using a data set collected from a large cohort of Chinese adults. Methods: Systolic and diastolic BP, body...

  • Body mass index and mortality in men: evaluating the shape of the association. Gelber, R. P.; Kurth, T.; Manson, J. E.; Buring, J. E.; Gaziano, J. M. // International Journal of Obesity;Aug2007, Vol. 31 Issue 8, p1240 

    Objective:Controversy regarding the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and mortality continues to exist. Most of the previous studies have not comprehensively accounted for major sources of bias. We examined the association between BMI and all-cause mortality according to pre-existing...

  • Physiological Responses and Evaluation of Effects of BMI, Smoking and Drinking in High Altitude Acclimatization: A Cohort Study in Chinese Han Young Males. Peng, Qian-qian; Basang, Zhuoma; Cui, Chao-ying; Li, Lei; Qian, Ji; Gesang, Quzhen; Yang, La; La, Zong; De, Yang; Dawa, Puchi; Qu, Ni; Suo, Qu; Dan, Zhen; Xiao, Duoji; Wang, Xiao-feng; Jin, Li // PLoS ONE;Nov2013, Vol. 8 Issue 11, p1 

    High altitude acclimatization is a series of physiological responses taking places when subjects go to altitude. Many factors could influence these processes, such as altitude, ascending speed and individual characteristics. In this study, based on a repeated measurement design of three...

  • Correlates of menstrual cycle characteristics among nulliparous Danish women. Hahn, Kristen A.; Wise, Lauren A.; Riis, Anders H.; Mikkelsen, Ellen M.; Rothman, Kenneth J.; Banholzer, Kristen; Hatch, Elizabeth E. // Clinical Epidemiology;2013, Vol. 5, p311 

    Objective: We examined the association between lifestyle factors and menstrual cycle characteristics among nulliparous Danish women aged 18-40 years who were participating in an Internet-based prospective cohort study of pregnancy planners. Methods: We used cross-sectional data collected at...

  • Contributing Determinants to Hearing Loss in Elderly Men and Women: Results from the Population-Based Rotterdam Study. Rigters, Stephanie C; Metselaar, Mick; Wieringa, Marjan H; Baatenburg de Jong, Robert J; Hofman, Albert; Goedegebure, André // Audiology & Neuro-Otology;Jan2016, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p10 

    To contribute to a better understanding of the etiology in age-related hearing loss, we carried out a cross-sectional study of 3,315 participants (aged 52-99 years) in the Rotterdam Study, to analyze both low- and high-frequency hearing loss in men and women. Hearing thresholds with pure-tone...

  • Association of Elevated Body Mass Index and Hypertension with Mortality: the CroHort Study. Mihel, Sandra; Milanović, Sanja Musić // Collegium Antropologicum;Jan2012 Supplement 1, Vol. 36, p183 

    Aim of this study was to investigate association of elevated body mass index and hypertension with general mortality in the cohort from Croatian Adult Health Cohort Study (CroHort). Risk of death according to body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure category, in period 2003/08, was calculated...

  • Leisure Time Physical Activity of Moderate to Vigorous Intensity and Mortality: A Large Pooled Cohort Analysis. Moore, Steven C.; Patel, Alpa V.; Matthews, Charles E.; de Gonzalez, Amy Berrington; Park, Yikyung; Katki, Hormuzd A.; Linet, Martha S.; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Visvanathan, Kala; Helzlsouer, Kathy J.; Thun, Michael; Gapstur, Susan M.; Hartge, Patricia; Lee, I-Min // PLoS Medicine;Nov2012, Vol. 9 Issue 11, p1 

    Background: Leisure time physical activity reduces the risk of premature mortality, but the years of life expectancy gained at different levels remains unclear. Our objective was to determine the years of life gained after age 40 associated with various levels of physical activity, both overall...

  • A healthy weight.  // Good Health (Australia Edition);Mar2012, p110 

    The article discusses the increasing problems of overweight and obesity. Surveys show that the main factors behind obesity are that people are less active and eating more. A healthy weight is considered important for overall health and can help prevent and control several conditions and...

  • Pedometer Users Walk More, Lose Pounds and BP.  // Tufts University Health & Nutrition Letter;Feb2008, Vol. 25 Issue 12, p1 

    The article reports on the findings of researcher Dena M. Bravata on the significance of pedometer. Bravata and his colleagues performed a meta-analysis of 26 prior studies of pedometer usage and found that using a pedometer is correlated positively with significant increases in physical...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics