TITLE

Concurrent crack and powder cocaine users from Sao Paulo: Do they represent a different group?

AUTHOR(S)
Guindalini, Camila; Vallada, Homero; Breen, Gerome; Laranjeira, Ronaldo
PUB. DATE
January 2006
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Cocaine abuse is a serious and socially damaging illegal drug problem. Different routes of administration are associated with a specific progression of use, different degrees of abuse liability, propensity for dependence and treatment response. There have been relatively few studies comparing different cocaine users groups and no studies into the characterization of the group of individuals reporting concurrent use of powder cocaine and crack cocaine. Methods: Six hundred and ninety-nine cocaine users were assessed during the period August 1997 to October 1998 in one outpatient and six inpatient clinics located in the São Paulo, Brazil. Patients were interviewed using a structured questionnaire schedule in Portuguese, designed specifically for the Brazilian population. The statistical analyses were performed using either ANOVA or a chi-squared test and focusing on their preferred form of use/route of administration and other variables. Results: For 83% of the variables tested in this study, the Dual Users subgroup (using both powder and crack cocaine) demonstrated statistical differences from the single drug user subgroups. Those differences include the initiation of cocaine, the abuse of other illicit drugs, and rates of criminal history. Conclusion: These data suggest cocaine-dependent individuals who report use of both powder and crack cocaine are an at least partially, distinct subgroup. However, further studies will be necessary to confirm this and to determine if they also show a different treatment response.
ACCESSION #
29362161

 

Related Articles

  • DYING TO GET HIGH.  // Ralph;Mar2004, p32 

    Provides information on several drugs. Heroin; PCP; Yaa Baa; Crack cocaine; Tooheys Red.

  • crack. Peters, Michael // BMA A-Z Family Medical Encyclopedia;2004, p201 

    A definition of the term "crack" is presented. It refers to a highly potent, fast-acting form of cocaine.

  • COCAÍNA E DERIVADOS: EFEITOS AO ORGANISMO E À SAÚDE PÚBLICA. TAMBANI RODRIGUES, RONNYE; ZANUSSO JUNIOR, GERSON // UNINGÁ Review;2012, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p90 

    The high consumption of illicit drugs such as cocaine and its derivative crack and oxy, has become a serious public health problem worldwide. The intense pleasurable effects make it likely that consumes, makes cocaine is a drug with high potential for abuse. Its derivative, crack and oxy, are...

  • Children and cocaine. Tice, Terrence N. // Education Digest;Nov93, Vol. 59 Issue 3, p50 

    Comments on an article by Martha A. Spitzer and Faith M. Stayer in the 1992-93 issue of `National Forum of Applied Educational Research Journal' about `Children Prenatally Exposed to Cocaine: A Literature Review with Implications for Educators.' Statistics on the number of cocaine-exposed babies...

  • The injection of crack cocaine among Chicago drug users. Johnson, Wendell A.; Ouellet, Lawrence J. // American Journal of Public Health;Feb1996, Vol. 86 Issue 2, p266 

    A letter to the editor is presented in response to an article about the injection of crack cocaine among drug users in Chicago, Illinois, which was previously published in the "American Journal of Public Health."

  • Adult supraglottis subsequent to smoking crack cocaine. Osborne, Ryan; Avitia, Sofia; Zandifar, Hootan; Brown, Jimmy // ENT: Ear, Nose & Throat Journal;Jan2003, Vol. 82 Issue 1, p53 

    Supraglottitis is one possible complication of smoking crack cocaine. From 1992 through 2001, our institution treated nine patients for thermal supraglottitis secondary to crack cocaine inhalation. In this article, we describe two of these cases, and we briefly review what is known about this...

  • `We need drastic measures.' Becker, M.; McDaniel, A. // Newsweek;3/13/1989, Vol. 113 Issue 11, p21 

    Talks about the problems besetting the US due to crime and crack, and the controversy over the need and legality of using military force to stop them.

  • Not All Drugs. Dubin, Jeff // Humanist;May/Jun2013, Vol. 73 Issue 3, p5 

    A letter to the editor is presented on drug addiction and crack cocaine use in response to the article "Rethinking Drug Policy Assumptions" by Jefferson Fish from the March-April 2013 issue.

  • The crack children. Kantrowitz, B.; Wingert, P. // Newsweek;2/12/1990, Vol. 115 Issue 7, p62 

    Reports on the lives and problems of children born to crack-using mothers. Their troubles don't end in infancy. As cocaine babies grow up, health and social workers are discovering a whole new set of drug-related problems. Damage done; Birth defects; Early intervention; The lost generation.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics