Public awareness of risk factors for cancer among the Japanese general population: A population-based survey

Inoue, Manami; Iwasaki, Motoki; Otani, Tetsuya; Sasazuki, Shizuka; Tsugane, Shoichiro
January 2006
BMC Public Health;2006, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p2
Academic Journal
Background: The present study aimed to provide information on awareness of the attributable fraction of cancer causes among the Japanese general population. Methods: A nationwide representative sample of 2,000 Japanese aged 20 or older was asked about their perception and level of concern about various environmental and genetic risk factors in relation to cancer prevention, as a part of an Omnibus Survey. Interviews were conducted with 1,355 subjects (609 men and 746 women). Results: Among 12 risk factor candidates, the attributable fraction of cancer-causing viral and bacterial infection was considered highest (51%), followed by that of tobacco smoking (43%), stress (39%), and endocrine-disrupting chemicals (37%). On the other hand, the attributable fractions of cancer by charred fish and meat (21%) and alcohol drinking (22%) were considered low compared with other risk factor candidates. For most risk factors, attributable fraction responses were higher in women than in men. As a whole, the subjects tended to respond with higher values than those estimated by epidemiologic evidence in the West. The attributable fraction of cancer speculated to be genetically determined was 32%, while 36% of cancer was considered preventable by improving lifestyle. Conclusion: Our results suggest that awareness of the attributable fraction of cancer causes in the Japanese general population tends to be dominated by cancer-causing infection, occupational exposure, air pollution and food additives rather than major lifestyle factors such as diet.


Related Articles

  • RISK FACTORS FOR LARYNGEAL CANCER IN MONTENEGRO. Zvrko, Elvir; Gledović, Zorana; Ljaljević, Agima // Archives of Industrial Hygiene & Toxicology / Arhiv za Higijenu ;Jan2008, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p11 

    Laryngeal cancer is the most common head and neck cancer. There might be many risk factors for laryngeal cancer. Smoking, especially cigarette smoking and alcohol are indisputable risk factors. The authors of this paper assessed the presumed risk factors in order to identify possible...

  • Cancer of the larynx in non-smoking alcohol drinkers in non-drinking tobacco smokers. Bosetti, C.; Gallus, S.; Franceschi, S.; Levi, F.; Bertuzzi, M.; Negri, E.; Talamini, R.; La Vecchia, C. // British Journal of Cancer;8/27/2002, Vol. 87 Issue 5, p516 

    The separate effect of alcohol and tobacco on laryngeal cancer was analysed in two case-control studies from Italy and Switzerland, comprising 40 non-smoking and 68 non-drinking cases, and 160 non-smoking and 161 non-drinking controls. The multivariate odds ratio was 2.46 for heavy drinkers...

  • Prevalence and determinants of adolescent smoking in Ankara, Turkey. Aslan, Dİilek; Bİlİr, Nazmİ; Özcebe, Hİlal; Stock, Christiane; Küçük, Nazan // Turkish Journal of Cancer;Apr2006, Vol. 36 Issue 2, p49 

    Smoking is a well-known preventable cause of cancer. Today, almost 1.3 billion of people are smokers and this number is expected to increase to 1.6 in 2025 globally. In this study, we aimed to determine prevalence and determinants of smoking among first year students at Hacettepe University. In...

  • Alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, and the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus: molecular mechanisms of carcinogenesis. Toh, Yasushi; Oki, Eiji; Ohgaki, Kippei; Sakamoto, Yasuo; Ito, Shuhei; Egashira, Akinori; Saeki, Hiroshi; Kakeji, Yoshihiro; Morita, Masaru; Sakaguchi, Yoshihisa; Okamura, Takeshi; Maehara, Yoshihiko // International Journal of Clinical Oncology;Apr2010, Vol. 15 Issue 2, p135 

    Esophageal cancer is the eighth most common incident cancer in the world and ranks sixth among all cancers in mortality. Esophageal cancers are classified into two histological types; esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and adenocarcinoma, and the incidences of these types show a striking...

  • Smoking and drinking cessation and the risk of oesophageal cancer. Bosetti, C; Franceschi, S; Levi, F; Negri, E; Talamini, R; Vecchia, C La // British Journal of Cancer;9/1/2000, Vol. 83 Issue 5, p689 

    n a case-control study from Italy and Switzerland with 404 oesophageal cancer cases and 1070 hospital controls, the risk of oesophageal cancer declined with time since cessation of smoking or drinking, and was significantly reduced (odds ratio = 0.11) 10 or more years after cessation of both habits.

  • Cessation of smoking and drinking and the risk of laryngeal cancer. Altieri, A; Bosetti, C; Talamini, R; Gallus, S; Franceschi, S; Levi, F; Dal Maso, L; Negri, E; La Vecchia, C // British Journal of Cancer;11/18/2002, Vol. 87 Issue 11, p1227 

    A case-control study was conducted in Italy and Switzerland between 1992 and 2000 on 527 cases of laryngeal cancer and 1297 hospital controls. The risk of laryngeal cancer steadily decreased from 3 years after stopping smoking. Some decline in risk was observed only 20 years or more after...

  • Prevalence of alcohol consumption, abuse and dependence in a country with high per capita consumption: findings from the German TACOS study. Meyer, C.; Rumpf, H.-J.; Hapke, U.; Dilling, H.; John, U. // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;2000, Vol. 35 Issue 12, p539 

    Abstract Background: The aim of the Transitions in Alcohol Consumption and Smoking (TACOS) project is to investigate substance use and use disorders in the adult general population in a region of the under-researched north of Germany, focussing on smoking and alcohol consumption. In this study,...

  • Alcohol Consumption and Bladder Cancer Risk: Results from the Netherlands Cohort Study. Zeegers, Maurice P. A.; Volovics, Alex; Dorant, Elisabeth; Goldbohm, R. Alexandra; Van den Brandt, Piet A. // American Journal of Epidemiology;Jan2001, Vol. 153 Issue 1, p38 

    Although several epidemiologic studies have been conducted on alcohol consumption and bladder cancer risk, the risk according to quantity and type of alcohol consumed is not clear. The authors investigated these associations in a large prospective cohort study on diet and cancer among 120,852...

  • Alcohol consumption and the risk of breast cancer. Coronado, Gloria D; Beasley, Jeannette; Livaudais, Jennifer // Salud Pública de México;sep/oct2011, Vol. 53 Issue 5, p440 

    Epidemiologic studies addressing the association of alcohol consumption with breast cancer consistently suggest a modest association and a dose-response relationship. The epidemiologic evidence does not point to a single mechanism to explain the association, and several mechanisms have been...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics