Living environment and self assessed morbidity: a questionnaire-based survey

Saha, Asim; Kulkarni, Pradip; Saiyed, Habibullah
January 2007
BMC Public Health;2007, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p223
Academic Journal
Background: Health complaints have been reported to be higher among the industrial area residents when compared with reference community. Methods: Such reports being only a few, a questionnaire survey was conducted in three different areas (Industrial, Residential, Commercial) of Ahmedabad city of India to determine the pattern of morbidity and to do a comparative analysis of different areas within the city. Results: A total of 679 families (243 from commercial, 199 from residential and 237 from industrial area) were included in this study. This study revealed that apart from presence of industry in close proximity to residence (99.2%), industrial area residents are having many other disadvantages from the point of view of public health like waste water stagnation (87.4%), problem of cooking smoke (33.2%) and presence of garbage dumps near residence (72.8%). Consequently, problems like coughing, wheezing, eye irritation, skin irritation, jaundice, asthma, and dental caries have been observed to be more common in industrial area. Comparative risk calculated in terms of odds ratio for different such problems have ranged from 1.83 to 6.2 when industrial area was compared with commercial area. Similarly on comparison of industrial area with residential area, odds ratio for different problems have ranged from 1.82 to 11.5. Conclusion: This study has pointed out the need of separate planning and implementation of specific upliftment programs for addressing the environmental as well as public health issues of industrial localities.


Related Articles

  • Lung cancer and COPD rates in Apulia: a multilevel multimember model for smoothing disease mapping. Bartolomeo, Nicola; Trerotoli, Paolo; Serio, Gabriella // International Journal of Health Geographics;2010, Vol. 9, p15 

    Background: If spatial representations of hospitalization rates are used, a problem of instability arises when they are calculated on small areas, owing to the small number of expected and observed cases. Aim of this study is to assess the effect of smoothing, based on the assumption that...

  • The disorder frequency of patients with smoking habits in ambulance of primary care " Slavinovići-Tuzla". Bisanovic, Senaida; Brkovic-Begovic, Aida; Batic-Mujanovic, Olivera; Brcic, Adnan // Folia Medica Facultatis Medicinae Universitatis Saraeviensis;2008, Vol. 43 Issue 2, p56 

    Tobacco smoking is major cause of airflow limitation and development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), lung cancer, but also other respiratory diseases. Smoking is pandemic spread and ingrained in all parts of the population. Particularly, this is auto destructive blind impulse or...

  • NSFC Health Research Funding and Burden of Disease in China. Xu, Gelin; Zhang, Zhizhong; Lv, Qiushi; Li, Yun; Ye, Ruidong; Xiong, Yunyun; Jiang, Yongjun; Liu, Xinfeng // PLoS ONE;Nov2014, Vol. 9 Issue 11, p1 

    Background: Allocation of health research funds among diseases has never been evaluated in China. This study aimed to examine the relationship between disease-specific funding levels of National Nature Science Foundation of China (NSFC), the main governmental resource for health research in...

  • Review: Cardioselective β-blockers do not produce adverse respiratory effects in COPD.  // ACP Journal Club;May/Jun2006, Vol. 144 Issue 3, p66 

    The article discusses a study which determines whether cardioselective β-blockers cause adverse respiratory effects in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). 20 RCTs that evaluated cardioselective β-blockers as a single dose or for an extended period in patients with...

  • Did You Know?  // AARC Times;Jul2013, Vol. 37 Issue 7, p139 

    The article discusses a report from the U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality which mentions the common diseases of women in 2009 including asthma, bronchitis, upper respiratory infections, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease * 9: management of ventilatory failure in COPD. Plant P K; Elliott M W; Plant, P K; Elliott, M W // Thorax;Jun2003, Vol. 58 Issue 6, p537 

    The management of respiratory failure during acute exacerbations of COPD and during chronic stable COPD is reviewed and the role of non-invasive and invasive mechanical ventilation is discussed.

  • Evidence for a link between mortality in acute COPD and hospital type and resources. Roberts C M; Barnes S; Lowe D; Pearson M G; Roberts, C M; Barnes, S; Lowe, D; Pearson, M G; Clinical Effectiveness Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians; Audit Subcommittee of the British Thoracic Society // Thorax;Nov2003, Vol. 58 Issue 11, p947 

    Background: The 1997 BTS/RCP national audit of acute care of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) found wide variations in mortality between hospitals which were only partially explained by known audit indicators of outcome. It was hypothesised that some of the unexplained...

  • Using Economic Evaluations to Reduce the Burden of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Sculpher, M. // PharmacoEconomics;Oct2001 Supplement 2, Vol. 19 Issue 10, p21 

    There is increasing interest in the use of economic evaluations in healthcare, because of the need to maximise health benefits from limited resources. The focus of most economic evaluations is on efficiency, though they may also consider the issue of equity. In an economic evaluation, it is...

  • COPD Exacerbations: The EXACT Tool. Kuritzky, Louis // Clinical Cardiology Alert;Aug2011 Clinical Briefs, p16 

    The article discusses a study on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations (COPD-e) by P.W. Jones, which derived the exacerbations of chronic pulmonary disease tool (EXACT) for identifying exacerbations at the earliest possible stage in order to institute abortive therapy without delay.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics