TITLE

Gender, ethnicity, health behaviour & self-rated health in Singapore

AUTHOR(S)
Wei-Yen Lim; Ma, Stefan; Heng, Derrick; Bhalla, Vineta; Suok Kai Chew
PUB. DATE
January 2007
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2007, Vol. 7, p184
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Self-rated health and the factors that influence it have never been described in Singapore before. This paper presents a descriptive study of self-rated health in a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of 6236 persons. Methods: As part of the National Health Surveillance Survey 2001, 6236 subjects aged 18 years and above were interviewed in the homes of participants by trained interviewers. The subjects were asked "In general, how would you rate your health today?", and given 5 possible responses. These were then categorized as "Good" (very good and good) and "Poor" (moderate, bad and very bad) self-rated health. The association of socio-economic and health behaviour risk factors with good self-rated health was studied using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results: Univariate analyses suggest that gender, ethnicity, marital status, education, household income, age, self-reported doctor-diagnosed illnesses, alcohol intake, exercise and BMI are all associated with poor self-rated health. In multivariate regression analyses, gender, ethnicity, household income, age, self-reported illness and current smoking and BMI were associated with poor self-rated health. There are gender differences in the association of various factors such as household income, smoking and BMI to self-rated health. Conclusion: Socioeconomic factors and health behaviours are significantly associated with self-rated health, and gender differences are striking. We discuss why these factors may impact self-rated health and why gender differences may have been observed, propose directions for further research and comment on the public policy implications of our findings.
ACCESSION #
29362062

 

Related Articles

  • Urban sprawl and its relationship with active transportation, physical activity and obesity in Canadian youth. Seliske, Laura; Pickett, William; Janssen, Ian // Health Reports;Apr-Jun2012, Vol. 23 Issue 2, Special section p1 

    Background Urban sprawl is a potential environmental influence on youth overweight/obesity. However, little is known about the association between urban sprawl and behaviours that infl uence obesity such as active transportation and physical activity. Methods The study population consisted of...

  • Demographic and socio-economic factors associated with multiple health risk behaviours among adolescents in Serbia: a cross sectional study. Boričić, Katarina; Simić, Snežana; Erić, Jelena Marinković // BMC Public Health;2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between demographic and socioeconomic characteristics and engaging in multiple risk behaviours among adolescents in Republic of Serbia. Methods: This study presents a cross sectional study of 683 adolescents aged 15 to 19...

  • Has the Prevalence of Migraine Changed over the Last Decade (2003–2012)? A Spanish Population-Based Survey. Fernández-de-las-Peñas, César; Palacios-Ceña, Domingo; Salom-Moreno, Jaime; López-de-Andres, Ana; Hernández-Barrera, Valentín; Jiménez-Trujillo, Isabel; Jiménez-García, Rodrigo; Gallardo-Pino, Carmen; García-Gómez-de-las-Heras, María S.; Carrasco-Garrido, Pilar // PLoS ONE;Oct2014, Vol. 9 Issue 10, p1 

    Introduction: Information on temporal trends can identify groups of people at risk for any particular condition; however information on temporal trends on migraine headache at population levels is scarce. Our aim was to estimate the time trends in the prevalence of migraine from 2003 to 2012 in...

  • Intention to quit among Indian tobacco users: Findings from International Tobacco Control Policy evaluation India pilot survey. Surani, N. S.; Gupta, P. C.; Fong, T. G.; Pednekar, M. S.; Quak, A. C.; Bansal-Travers, M. // Indian Journal of Cancer;Oct-Dec2012, Vol. 49 Issue 4, p431 

    INTRODUCTION: Tobacco users face barriers not just in quitting, but also in thinking about quitting. The aim of this study was to understand factors encouraging intention to quit from the 2006 International Tobacco Control Policy (TCP) Evaluation India Pilot Study Survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS:...

  • Is the "Glasgow effect" of cigarette smoking explained by socio-economic status?: A multilevel analysis. Gray, Linsay; Leyland, Alastair H. // BMC Public Health;2009, Vol. 9, p245 

    Background: The Glasgow area has elevated levels of deprivation and is known for its poor health and associated negative health-related behaviours, which are socially patterned. Of interest is whether high smoking rates are explained by the area's socio-economic profile. Methods: Data on age,...

  • One Size Does Not Fit All: An Examination of Low Birthweight Disparities Among a Diverse Set of Racial/Ethnic Groups. Sparks, P. Johnelle // Maternal & Child Health Journal;Nov2009, Vol. 13 Issue 6, p769 

    To examine disparities in low birthweight using a diverse set of racial/ethnic categories and a nationally representative sample. This research explored the degree to which sociodemographic characteristics, health care access, maternal health status, and health behaviors influence birthweight...

  • Seeking medical help to conceive. Bushnik, Tracey; Cook, Jocelynn; Hughes, Edward; Tough, Suzanne // Health Reports;Oct2012, Vol. 23 Issue 4, p3 

    Background The demand for therapies to assist conception is growing in a number of countries including Canada. This study provides estimates of the number and characteristics of couples who sought medical help for conception and identifies the interventions and/or techniques they used. Data and...

  • Social capital, political trust and self rated-health: A population-based study in southern Sweden. Mohseni, Mohabbat; Lindström, Martin // Scandinavian Journal of Public Health;Jan2008, Vol. 36 Issue 1, p1 

    Aim: To investigate the association between political trust (an aspect of institutional trust) and self-rated health, taking generalized (horizontal) trust in other people into account. Methods: The 2004 public health survey in Skåne is a cross-sectional postal questionnaire study answered by...

  • Perinatal Mortality in Nigeria: Do Place of Delivery and Delivery Assistants Matter? Otia, Samuel Oji; Odimegwu, Clifford // Open Demography Journal;2011, Vol. 4, p1 

    Studies in developed countries have shown that deliveries which occur at home and under the supervision of unskilled attendants present a high risk of perinatal death. However, it is unclear, especially in sub- Saharan Africa (SSA) where studies are limited, on precisely how these factors may...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics