TITLE

Smoking, alcohol, and dietary choices: evidence from the Portuguese National Health Survey

AUTHOR(S)
Padrão, Patrícia; Lunet, Nuno; Santos, Ana Cristina; Barros, Henrique
PUB. DATE
January 2007
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2007, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p138
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Unhealthy lifestyle choices tend to cluster, but controversy remains regarding relationships between smoking and dietary habits. The aim of this study was to compare dietary intake and alcohol consumption, according to smoking status, in the Portuguese population. Methods: The study sample included all participants in the third Portuguese National Health Survey who were older than 19 years (20,302 women and 17,923 men). Participants were selected from households in the five regions of Portugal (NUTS II classification), using a multi-stage random probability design. Trained interviewers conducted face-to-face interviews in each household and obtained information on social and demographic characteristics, lifestyle and health, smoking, and intakes of selected food and beverages. Age-adjusted and education-adjusted binomial and multinomial logistic regression models were fitted separately for males and females, to estimate the magnitude of the association between smoking and the consumption of various food and beverage groups. Results: When heavy smokers were compared with non-smokers, the odds ratio (OR) favouring soup consumption was 0.60 (95% Confidence Interval [95%CI]: 0.54-0.68) in males and 0.46 (95% CI: 0.33-0.65) in females. Similar ORs were observed for vegetables (males: OR = 0.56, 95%CI: 0.49-0.64; females: OR = 0.47, 95%CI: 0.32-0.69) and fruit (males: OR = 0.36, 95%CI: 0.31-0.41; females: OR = 0.29, 95%CI: 0.19-0.44). Overall, these food items were consumed at significantly lower levels as cigarette consumption increased. Heavy male smokers, compared to non-smokers, presented lower odds favouring milk consumption (OR = 0.89; 95%CI: 0.67-0.89). When heavy smokers were compared with non-smokers, the ORs favouring wine drinking, among heavy drinkers, were 1.47 (95%CI: 1.27-1.70) in men and 3.97 (95%CI: 2.07-7.61) in women. Similar ORs were observed for beer (males: OR = 3.30; 95%CI: 2.87-3.78; females: OR = 23.1; 95%CI: 12.2- 43.6), Port wine (males: OR = 2.21 95%CI: 1.65-2.98; females: OR = 2.85; 95%CI: 0.68-12.1), brandy (males: OR = 3.67 95%CI: 2.98-4.52; females: OR = 13.2; 95%CI: 3.72-46.6) and whisky (males: OR = 3.31; 95%CI: 2.71-4.03; females: OR = 41.4; 95%CI: 18.5-92.5). Conclusion: This study showed that smokers have a higher intake of alcoholic beverages and a lower consumption of food items rich in fibre, antioxidants, or phytochemicals, which are suspected to have beneficial roles in the prevention of multiple chronic diseases.
ACCESSION #
29362018

 

Related Articles

  • Levantamento dos hábitos de vida e fatores associados àocorrência de câncer de tabagistas do município de Sidrolândia (MS, Brasil). Losano Feitosa, Renata Cristina; Cury Pontes, Elenir Rose Jardim // Revista Ciência & Saúde Coletiva;2011, Vol. 16 Issue 2, p605 

    The study refers to a survey of the lifestyles and factors associated with the occurrence of cancer in smokers of Sidrolândia (MS, Brazil). Study participants were 501 smokers registered in the Family Health Program, which were identified by community health agents. They answered a...

  • Effects of supplemental B-carotene, cigarette smoking, and alcohol consumption on serum... Albanes, Demetrius; Virtamo, Jarmo // American Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Aug97, Vol. 66 Issue 2, p366 

    Looks at whether serum carotenoid or retinol concentrations were altered by B-carotene supplementation in the Alpha-Tocopherol, Beta-Carotene Cancer Prevention Study and if such effects were modified by alcohol consumption or cigarette use. Information on the participants in the study; Details...

  • Prevalência e fatores associados ao tabagismo em estudantes de medicina de uma universidade em Passo Fundo (RS). Stramari, Leandro Mazzoleni; Kurtz, Munique; Silva, Luiz Carlos Corrêa da // Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia;may2009, Vol. 35 Issue 5, p442 

    Objective: To determine the prevalence of and factors associated with smoking among medical students, as well as to evaluate the profile of this group. Methods: A total of 316 medical students (98.7% of the total) at the University of Passo Fundo, in the city of Passo Fundo, Brazil, completed a...

  • Alcohol Use Disorder with and without Stimulant Use: Brain Morphometry and Its Associations with Cigarette Smoking, Cognition, and Inhibitory Control. Pennington, David L.; Durazzo, Timothy C.; Schmidt, Thomas P.; Abé, Christoph; Mon, Anderson; Meyerhoff, Dieter J. // PLoS ONE;Mar2015, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p1 

    Objective: Little is known about the effects of polysubstance use and cigarette smoking on brain morphometry. This study examined neocortical brain morphometric differences between abstinent polysubstance dependent and alcohol-only dependent treatment seekers (ALC) as well as light drinking...

  • Cigars.  // Business Today;4/3/2011, Vol. 20 Issue 7, p28 

    The article examines the enhancement cigars bring to the lifestyle of smokers.

  • Light and intermittent smoking: The road less traveled. Fagan, Pebbles; Rigotti, Nancy A. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Feb2009, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p107 

    The article discusses various reports published within the issue, including one on light or intermittent smoking patterns based on the California Health Interview Survey, another on light and intermittent smokers in Egypt, as well as a report on transitions from daily to nondaily smoking among...

  • Anxiety sensitivity and early relapse to smoking: A test among Mexican daily, low-level smokers. Zvolensky, Michael J.; Bernstein, Amit; Cardenas, Samuel Jurado; Colotla, Victor A.; Marshall, Erin C.; Feldner, Matthew T. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Apr2007, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p483 

    The aim of the present investigation was to extend previous work on anxiety sensitivity (AS) and early smoking relapse among a sample of 130 (74 females) young adult (M age = 22.5 years, SD = 2.1) daily low-level smokers (9.3 cigarettes/day, SD = 11.5) from Mexico City, Mexico. Results indicated...

  • An 11-Year Study of Cigarette Smoking Habits of Students Entering Drexel University, Philadelphia. Arnett, John H.; Black, Maurice W.; McNeary, Samuel S. // American Journal of Public Health;Feb1974, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p120 

    A study was made over a period of 11 years of the frequency of cigarette smoking among students entering Drexel University. During this period a marked drop was noted. The findings are discussed in terms of the need for further action.

  • Erratum. Metcalfe, Chris // Journal of Public Health Medicine;Dec2003, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p396 

    A correction to the article "Self-reported stress and subsequent hospital admissions as a result of hypertension, varicose veins and haemorrhoids" that was published in the 2003 issue is presented.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics