TITLE

Interaction of smoking and occupational noise exposure on hearing loss: a cross-sectional study

AUTHOR(S)
Pouryaghoub, Gholamreza; Mehrdad, Ramin; Mohammadi, Saber
PUB. DATE
January 2007
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2007, Vol. 7, p137
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Noise is the most common hazardous agent at workplaces. Noise induced hearing loss (NIHL) has been known since the industrial revolution. Although NIHL is permanent, irreversible and frequent, it is preventable. The economic costs of NIHL have been estimated to be about billions of dollars. Besides, cigarette smoking is a common habit worldwide, and according to some recent studies smoking and noise may act in common causal pathways for hearing loss. Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed to study the effect of smoking on NIHL in 206 male smoker workers and 206 male non-smoker workers in a large food-producing factory, in which workers were exposed to noise levels exceeding 85dBA. To determine noise exposure level, we used sound level measurements reported by industrial hygienists. A qualified audiologist assessed hearing acuity by using standardized audiometric procedures assuring at least 14 h of noise avoidance. Results: We observed that the percentage of workers with hearing threshold differences of greater than or equal to 30 dB between 4000 Hz and 1000 Hz in both ears were 49.5% and 11.2% in smoker and non smoker groups, respectively (Odds ratio = 7.8, 95% CI = 4.7 - 13), and the percentage of workers with a hearing threshold of greater than 25dB at 4000 Hz in the better ear were 63.6% and 18.4% in smoker and non smoker groups, respectively. This difference was statistically significant after adjustment for age and exposure duration. Conclusion: It can be concluded that smoking can accelerate noise induced hearing loss, but more research is needed to understand the underlying mechanisms. Accurate follow up of smoker workers who are exposed to noise levels exceeding 85 dBA is suggested. Smokers should periodically attend educational courses on "smoking cessation", especially in noisy workplaces.
ACCESSION #
29362017

 

Related Articles

  • Effect of smoke-free workplaces on smoking behaviour: systematic review. Fichtenberg, Caroline M; Glantz, Stanton A // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);7/27/2002, Vol. 325 Issue 7357, p188 

    Objective To quantify the effects of smoke-free workplaces on smoking in employees and compare these effects to those achieved through tax increases. Design Systematic review with a random effects meta-analysis. Study selection 26 studies on the effects of smoke-free workplaces. Setting...

  • LETTERS-TO-THE-EDITOR. Helmke, Anne; Scott, Sandy; Dantone, Gerry; Jonas, Steven; Ludlow, Robert // Electronic Ardell Wellness Report (E-AWR);1/6/2006, Issue 313, p3 

    Several letters to the editor in response to articles in previous issues including "Banning Smokers From the Workplace," an article on the topic of wellness, and an article about the workplace ban on smoking and smokers are presented.

  • Legal Q&A… What about the rights of smokers?  // Personnel Today;6/26/2007, p20 

    The article presents questions and answers related to ban on smoking in a workplace in Great Britain. The first question is related to the permission of smoking in a company vehicle. Another question enquires about the consequences of smoking in defiance of the ban. Another question is about the...

  • SMOKER? CAN'T WORK HERE MORE FIRMS SAY. Smerd, Jeremy // Workforce Management;10/22/2007, Vol. 86 Issue 18, p6 

    The article discusses how employers handle smoking in the workforce in the U.S. In Michigan, where it is illegal to discriminate based on race, color, religion, gender, national origin, marital status, height, weight and age, Kalamazoo Valley Community College would not hire applicants who use...

  • Effects of a Restricted Work-Site Smoking Policy on Employees Who Smoke. Brigham, Janet; Gross, Janet; Stitzer, Maxine L.; Felch, Linda J. // American Journal of Public Health;May94, Vol. 84 Issue 5, p773 

    Objectives. This study evaluated the biological and subjective consequences observed in individual smokers after implementation of a workplace smoking-restriction policy. Methods. Employees were evaluated for 4 weeks before and 4 weeks after their workplace became smoke-free (n = 34). A...

  • Effects of Workplace Smoking Bans on Cigarette Consumption. Borland, Ron; Chapman, Simon; Owen, Neville; Hill, David // American Journal of Public Health;Feb1990, Vol. 80 Issue 2, p178 

    Abstract: A sample of staff working in the Australian Public Service (n = 2113) were surveyed two to four weeks before a mandated total ban on workplace smoking was introduced, and again five to six months later. Among the 391 smokers on whom complete data were available, the workplace smoking...

  • Smoking May Be Hazardous to Your Job. Staudter, Donald V. // Industrial Management;Jan/Feb83, Vol. 25 Issue 1, p20 

    Focuses on the impact of smoking on work performance. Productivity of non-smoker; Evidence of smoking being affected as smokers; Awareness of employees on the direct and indirect cost from a smoker related expenses.

  • Smoke-Free Workplace Policies and Organizational Attraction. Hee Sun Park; Seungcheol Austin Lee; Seoyeon Hong; Cherry, Justin; Youngyoul Fred Kang; Doshik Yun; Klautke, Hannah // Global Journal of Health Science;Apr2010, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p96 

    Companies adopt smoke-free workplace policies to improve health of their employees, but how severely such policies are enforced can have an impact on non-smoking employees as well and can also affect employees' view about their companies. The current study examined the extent to which perceived...

  • Using Socially Fair Treatment to Promote Acceptance of a Work Site Smoking Ban. Greenberg, Jerald // Journal of Applied Psychology;Apr94, Vol. 79 Issue 2, p288 

    Announcements of a work site smoking ban were made to 732 clerical workers. The presentations differed in the amount of information given about the need for the ban and the degree of interpersonal sensitivity shown over the personal impact of the ban. Immediately after the announcement,...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics