High potential of escalating HIV transmission in a low prevalence setting in rural Tanzania
- PREVALENCE OF HIV AMONG VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT WHO WERE MENTALLY IMPAIRED CHILDREN (5 TO 18 YEARS) IN THE MTHATHA AREA OF SOUTH AFRICA. Meel, Banwari // African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine;2009, Vol. 1 Issue 1, p3
Background: Protection of children has been identified as a priority in South Africa. Despite a commitment to uphold children's rights, much still needs to be done for the safety of mentally impaired children. Method: This is a record review of attendees at the Sinawe Centre from 2001 to 2005....
- Understanding Drivers of Phylogenetic Clustering in Molecular Epidemiological Studies of HIV. Frost, Simon D. W.; Pillay, Deenan // Journal of Infectious Diseases;Mar2015, Vol. 211 Issue 6, p856
In this article, the discusses phylogenetic clustering in molecular epidemiological studies of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Topics discussed include limited success of preventive approach to reduce transmission of HIV, implementation of molecular epidemiological approaches for HIV, and...
- Studies of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type 1 Mucosal Viral Shedding and Transmission in Kenya. Overbaugh, Julie; Kreiss, Joan; Poss, Mary; Lewis, Paul; Mostad, Sara; John, Grace; Nduati, Ruth; Mbori-Ngacha, Dorothy; Martin Jr., Harold; Richardson, Barbra; Jackson, Stephanie; Neilson, Joel; Long, E. Michelle; Panteleeff, Dana; Welch, Mary; Rakwar, Joel; Jackson, Denis; Chohan, Bhavna; Lavreys, Ludo // Journal of Infectious Diseases;5/15/99 Supplement 3, Vol. 179, pS401
Summarizes studies conducted in Kenya that focus on the analysis of both the potential reservoir of transmitted HIV variants in the index case as well as the viruses found early in infection in the new host. Origin of transmitted virus; Factors influencing transmission; HIV-1 infection through...
- HIV update: Misinformation persists. Meskin, Lawrence H. // Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA);Sep99, Vol. 130 Issue 9, p1260
Editorial. Comments on the misinformation regarding the transmission of HIV infections. Case of a dentist sued by parents of school children which alleged the spread of the virus through contaminated gloves; Usual transmission mode of HIV infections; Risk of seroconversion in health care workers.
- Effect of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 Viral Genotype on Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV-1. Murray, Melanie C.M.; Embree, Joanne E.; Ramdahin, Sue G.; Anzala, Aggrey O.; Njenga, Simon; Plummer, Francis A. // Journal of Infectious Diseases;2/1/2000, Vol. 181 Issue 2, p746
Examines the effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type 1 viral genotype on mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1. Distribution of the HIV-1 clades among different transmitting groups of mothers in Nairobi, Kenya; Identification of recombinant, mixed and clade B isolates in Nairobi;...
- Correction: Improving Men's Participation in Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV as a Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health Priority in South Africa. van den Berg, Wessel; Brittain, Kirsty; Mercer, Gareth; Peacock, Dean; Stinson, Kathryn; Janson, Hanna; Dubula, Vuyiseka // PLoS Medicine;May2015, Vol. 12 Issue 5, p1
A correction to the article "Improving Men's Participation in Preventing Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV as a Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health Priority in South Africa" that was published in the May 2015 issue is presented.
- Leaders: Drug epidemic demands answers. Colombo, Hayleigh // Indianapolis Business Journal;12/14/2015, Vol. 36 Issue 43, p19A
The article focuses on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) outbreak that hit southeastern Indiana in 2015, primarily caused by the transmission of the virus through intravenous drug use.
- Does selected ecological evidence give a true picture of HIV transmission in Africa? Gisselquist, David; Potterat, John J.; Brody, Stuart; Minkin, Stephen F. // International Journal of STD & AIDS;Jul2004, Vol. 15 Issue 7, p434
Current reconsideration of the contributions of various modes of transmission to HIV epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa has important implications for HIV prevention. In recent reviews, we argue that accumulated evidence supports the hypothesis that unsafe health care fuels Africa's HIV epidemics....
- The potential of involving traditional practitioners in the scaling up of male circumcision in the context of HIV prevention in Tanzania. KILIMA, STELLA P.; SHAYO, ELIZABETH H.; MSOVELA, JUDITH; SENKORO, KESHENI P.; MAYALA, BENJAMIN K.; MBOERA, LEONARD E. G.; MASSAGA, JULIUS J. // Tanzania Journal of Health Research;Jan2012, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p1
Male circumcision (MC) has been practiced worldwide for religious, cultural, social and medical reasons. Recent studies in Africa have indicated that MC to be highly protective against HIV transmission. However, incorporating MC in HIV/AIDS prevention programme will increase its demand in...