TITLE

Residual susceptibility to measles among young adults in Victoria, Australia following a national targeted measles-mumps-rubella vaccination campaign

AUTHOR(S)
Kelly, Heath A.; Gidding, Heather F.; Karapanagiotidis, Theo; Leydon, Jennie A.; Michaela A Riddell
PUB. DATE
January 2007
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2007, Vol. 7, p99
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Past measles immunisation policies in Australia have resulted in a cohort of young adults who have been inadequately vaccinated, but who also have low levels of naturally acquired immunity because immunisation programs have decreased the circulation of wild virus. A measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) immunisation campaign aimed at addressing this susceptibility to measles among young adults was conducted in Australia in 2001-2. By estimating age-specific immunity, we aimed to evaluate the success of this campaign in the state of Victoria. Methods: We conducted serosurveys after the young adult MMR program at state and national levels to estimate immunity among young adults born between 1968-82. We compared results of the Victorian (state) surveys with the Victorian component of the national surveys and compared both surveys with surveys conducted before the campaign. We also reviewed all laboratory confirmed measles cases in Victoria between 2000-4. Results: The Victorian state serosurveys indicated no significant change in immunity of the cohort following the young adult MMR campaign (83.9% immune pre and 85.5% immune post campaign) while the Victorian component of the national serosurvey indicated a significant decline in immunity (91.0% to 84.2%; p = 0.006). Both surveys indicated about 15% susceptibility to measles among young Victorian adults after the campaign. Measles outbreaks in Victoria between 2000-4 confirmed the susceptibility of young adults. Outbreaks involved a median of 2.5 cases with a median age of 24.5 years. Conclusion: In Victoria, the young adult MMR program appears to have had no effect on residual susceptibility to measles among the 1968-82 birth cohort. Young adults in Victoria, as in other countries where past immunisation policies have left a residual susceptible cohort, represent a potential problem for the maintenance of measles elimination.
ACCESSION #
29361986

 

Related Articles

  • Spotting a resurgence.  // Minnesota Medicine;Aug2012, Vol. 95 Issue 8, p7 

    The article provides information on the measles outbreak in the U.S. and recommends a dose of MMR vaccine to children, adults, health care workers, international travelers and college students.

  • Measles in the US: Foreign Travel Advice. J.O. // School Health Alert;Jun2012, Vol. 27 Issue 10, p4 

    No abstract available.

  • the return of measles. Hays, Kim // Baby Talk;Sep2011, Vol. 76 Issue 7, p32 

    The article offers information on measles, and suggests ways to protect infants from this childhood disease including surrounding seven to 12 months old infants with people who have been immunized, and immunizing 12 to 15 months old infants with the measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine.

  • MR/MMR Vaccine in Measles Control: A Case of Missed Opportunity? Sharma, Karun D.; Rana, Manish K. // Indian Journal of Community Medicine;Jan-Mar2014, Vol. 39 Issue 1, p49 

    A letter to the editor is presented about measles/rubella and measles, mumps and rubella vaccines.

  • Confirmed cases of measles peak at new levels in Europe.  // Nursing Children & Young People;Jul2011, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p5 

    The article reports that the confirmed cases of measles in Europe has reached its peak in 2011 which caused European nations to urge nurses to promote measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine among parents and young people.

  • Wales sets up drop-in vaccination clinics to bring measles outbreak under control. Iacobucci, Gareth // BMJ: British Medical Journal;4/20/2013, Vol. 346 Issue 7904, p3 

    The article reports that in order to tackle the measles outbreak in Swansea, health authorities in Wales have vaccinated thousands of children with combined measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine in general practices and special drop-in clinics set up across south Wales.

  • Measles Outbreak Among Members of a Religious Community -- Brooklyn, New York, March-June 2013. Arciuolo, Robert J.; Brantley, Tamara R.; Asfaw, Mekete M.; Jablonski, Rachel R.; Jie Fu; Giancotti, Francesca R.; Rosen, Jennifer B.; Zucker, Jane R. // MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;9/13/2013, Vol. 62 Issue 36, p752 

    The article reports on measles outbreak among members of a religious community in Brooklyn, New York from March to June 2013. A total of 58 cases were identified in members of the orthodox Jewish community in Brooklyn. Among the control measures that were taken were home isolation, alerts to...

  • Measles Elimination Program in Southern Khorasan-e-Razavi From 2001 to 2011. Ramezani-Awal-Riabi, Hamed; Atarodi, Alireza // Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences;Nov2015, Vol. 17 Issue 11, p1 

    A letter to the editor is presented on the measles elimination program through the use of measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine in southern Khorasan-e-Razavi, Iran from 2001 to 2011.

  • Measles and rubella cases more than double in a year.  // Practice Nurse;9/7/2012, Vol. 42 Issue 13, p9 

    The article reports that the cases of measles and rubella in Great Britain increased in 2011.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics