An ecological study of regional variation in work injuries among young workers

Breslin, F. Curtis; Smith, Peter; Dunn, James R.
January 2007
BMC Public Health;2007, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p91
Academic Journal
Background: The investigation of geographic variation in occupational injuries has received little attention. Young workers 15 to 24 years are of particular concern because they consistently show elevated occupational injury rates compared to older workers. The present study sought to: (a) to describe the geographic variation of work injuries; (b) to determine whether geographic variation remained after controlling for relevant demographic and job characteristics; (c) to identify the region-level factors that correlate with the geographic variation. Methods: Using workers compensation claims and census data, we estimated claim rates per 100 full-time equivalents for 15 to 24 year olds in 46 regions in Ontario. A total of 21 region-level indicators were derived primarily from Census and Labour Force Survey data to reflect social and material deprivation of the region as well as demographic and employment characteristics of youth living in those areas. Results: Descriptive findings showed substantial geographic variation in young worker injury rates, even after controlling for several job and demographic variables. Region-level characteristics such as greater residential stability were associated with low work injury rates. Also, regions with the lowest claim rates tended to have proportionally fewer cuts and burns than high-claim-rate regions. Conclusion: The finding of substantial geographic variation in youth claim rates even after controlling for demographic and job factors can aid in targeting prevention resource. The association between region-level indicators such as residential stability and youth work injury suggests that work injury prevention strategies can be integrated with other local economic development measures. The findings partially support the notion that work safety measures may be unevenly distributed with respect to regional socio-economic factors.


Related Articles

  • The Nature and Impact of Stigma Towards Injured Workers. Kirsh, Bonnie; Slack, Tesha; King, Carole // Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation;Jun2012, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p143 

    Introduction Many injured workers experience high levels of stigma and discrimination, which compound their physical injuries and cause social and psychological harm. Despite a growing awareness of the prevalence of such stigma, there is little research that focuses on the sources, nature and...

  • Accident Costs Rethinking ratios of indirect to direct costs. Manuele, Fred A. // Professional Safety;Jan2011, Vol. 56 Issue 1, p39 

    The article examines the author's evaluation of selected data relating to indirect and direct accident costs of workers in the U.S. It touches on the approximation of the current ratio of indirect and direct costs of accidents by making an estimation to update a ratio accounted in a research...

  • Social representations of needlestick injuries. Marques Lubenow, Juliana Almeida; Batista Moura, Maria Eliete; Teixeira Nunes, Benevina Maria Vilar; do Uvramento Fortes Figueiredo, Maria; Sales, Luís Carlos // Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem (RLAE);Nov/Dec2012, Vol. 20 Issue 6, p1176 

    Objectives: understand the Social Representations about needlestick injuries elaborated by Nursing Technicians and analyze how these representations influence their conducts. Method: the data, obtained by interviews, were processed using ALCESTE software and their analysis was based on Serge...

  • Work-related mechanical risk factors for long-term sick leave: a prospective study of the general working population in Norway. Sterud, Tom // European Journal of Public Health;Feb2014, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p111 

    Background: The overall evidence for work-related mechanical exposures as risk factors for long-term sick leave (LTSL) in the general working population is limited. Methods: The study cohort was randomly drawn from the general population in Norway, aged 18–69 years (n = 12 255, response...

  • Avaliação de estratégia para identificação e mensuração dos acidentes de trabalho fatais. de Freitas Drumond, Eliane; de Medeiros Silva, Jussara // Revista Ciência & Saúde Coletiva;may2013, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p1361 

    In order to evaluate the strategy used by the Municipal Health Department of Belo Horizonte (SMSA/BH) for reducing the under-reporting of deaths from work-related accidents during the years of 2008 to 2010, a deterministic comparison of data on deaths from work-related accidents as reported in...

  • Neighborhood and postal worker characteristics associated with dog bites in postal workers of the Brazilian National Postal Service in Curitiba. de Oliveira, Eduardo Alexandre; Manosso, Rose Maria; Braune, Gisela; Marcenovicz, Priscila Cavalheiro; Kuritza, Leandro Nagae; Brunow Ventura, Henrique Larsen; Dexheimer Paploski, Igor Adolfo; Kikuti, Mariana; Biondo, Alexander Welker // Revista Ciência & Saúde Coletiva;may2013, Vol. 18 Issue 5, p1367 

    Dog bites are the third most common cause of absenteeism among postal workers of the Brazilian National Postal Service in Southern Brazil, with an average off-work time of approximately two days for each biting episode. The objective of this study was to evaluate the neighborhood characteristics...

  • Human factors data traceability and analysis in the European Community's Major Accident Reporting System. Baranzini, D.; Christou, M. D. // Cognition, Technology & Work;Mar2010, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p1 

    This paper reports on human factors data traceability and analysis of the European Community's Major Accident Reporting System (MARS). This is the main EU instrument to major accident data collection, analysis and dissemination for process industry according to the provisions of the Seveso II...


    In two previous experiments the ratings of the pleasantness of the experiences for a total of 45 subjects tested within a specific experimental setting were negatively correlated (rhos about -.35 to -.40) with the global geomagnetic activity on the days of the ratings. In the present analysis,...

  • Analysis of Accidents in Nine Iranian Gas Refineries: 2007-2011. Mehrdad, R.; Bolouri, A.; Shakibmanesh, A. R. // International Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Oct2013, Vol. 4 Issue 4, p205 

    Background: Occupational accidents are one of the major health hazards in industries and associated with high mortality, morbidity, spiritual damage and economic losses in the world. Objective: To determine the incidence of occupational accidents In 9 Iranian gas refineries between March 2007...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics