Reproductive health of male Australian veterans of the 1991 Gulf War

Kelsall, Helen L.; Sim, Malcolm R.; Ikin, Jillian F.; Forbes, Andrew B.; McKenzie, Dean P.; Glass, Deborah C.; Ittak, Peter
January 2007
BMC Public Health;2007, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p79
Academic Journal
Background: Since the 1991 Gulf War concerns have been raised about the effects of deployment to the Gulf War on veterans' health. Studies of the reproductive health of Gulf War veterans have reported varied findings. Methods: We undertook a cross-sectional study of male Australian Gulf War veterans (n = 1,424) and a randomly sampled military comparison group (n = 1,548). The study was conducted from August 2000 to April 2002. A postal questionnaire included questions about difficulties achieving pregnancy, pregnancy outcomes including live births, stillbirths, miscarriages and terminations; and for all live births gestation, birth weight, sex, and any cancers, birth defects, chromosomal abnormalities or serious health problems. Results: Male Gulf War veterans reported slightly increased risk of fertility difficulties following the Gulf War (odds ratio [OR] 1.4; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.0-1.8), but were more successful at subsequently fathering a child (OR 1.8; 95% CI 1.3-2.6). The study groups reported similar rates of pregnancies and live births. There was no increased risk in veterans of miscarriage, stillbirth, or terminations. Children of male Gulf War veterans born after the period of the Gulf War were not at greater risk of being born prematurely, having a low birth weight, or having a birth defect or chromosomal abnormality (OR 1.0; 95% CI 0.6-1.6). The numbers of cancers and deaths in children were too small to draw any firm conclusions. Conclusion: The results of this study do not show an increased risk of adverse reproductive outcome in Australian male Gulf War veterans.


Related Articles

  • Gulf War syndrome research poised for cash injection. Knight, Jonathan // Nature;7/4/2002, Vol. 418 Issue 6893, p4 

    Reports that the U.S. government is set to give research into Gulf War syndrome an increase in funds following advice from scientists who believe that ill veterans suffered neurological damage during the 1991 Persian Gulf War. Amount of funding; Actions taken by the administration of U.S....

  • Gulf War Syndrome a reality says Lloyd report.  // RoSPA Occupational Safety & Health Journal;Jan2005, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p10 

    Reports on the findings of a report on health conditions of 1991 Gulf War veterans in Great Britain conducted by an independent inquiry headed by Lord Lloyd of Berwick. Causes of ill health among war veterans; Details of the Lloyd inquiry; Remarks from Tony Flint of the National Gulf Veterans...

  • Infertility among male UK veterans of the 1990-1 Gulf war: reproductive cohort study. Maconochie, Noreen; Doyle, Pat; Carson, Claire // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);7/24/2004, Vol. 329 Issue 7459, p196 

    Objectives To examine the hypothesis that, theoretically at least,exposure to toxicants of the type present in the Gulf war could affect spermatogenesis, which might be observed as increased levels of infertility. Design Retrospective reproductive cohort analysis. Setting Male UK Gulf war...

  • A US–UK comparison of health in 1990–1991 Gulf War veterans. Ismail, K.; Fear, N.; Flanagan, M.; Doebbeling, B.; Wessely, S. // Occupational Medicine;Oct2011, Vol. 61 Issue 7, p483 

    Background UK and US military personnel appear to have different health profiles yet direct comparisons of health status and deployment exposures between US and UK military populations have never been performed.Aims To compare US and UK military personnel deployed to the 1991 Persian Gulf War...

  • Sod this for a game of soldiers. Metcalf, Mark // New Statesman;8/18/2003, Vol. 132 Issue 4651, p15 

    Offers observations on the failure of the British government to investigate issues related to British war veterans. Revelation that British troops in the Persian Gulf war were given anthrax vaccinations without official safety guidelines being followed; Further revelation that the bullet wounds...

  • Severely Reduced Functional Status in Veterans Fitting a Case Definition of Gulf War Syndrome. Haley, Robert W.; Maddrey, Ann Matt; Gershenfeld, Howard K. // American Journal of Public Health;Jan2002, Vol. 92 Issue 1, p46 

    The article assesses the health impact of Gulf War syndrome on U.S. veterans as measured by a systematic case definition. According to Haley and colleagues, the case definition of Gulf War syndrome is composed of three primary symptom complexes starting during and shortly after the war. The case...

  • Symptom Patterns Among Gulf War Registry Veterans. Hallman, William K.; Kipen, Howard M.; Diefenbach, Michael; Boyd, Kendal; Kang, Han; Leventhal, Howard; Wartenberg, Daniel // American Journal of Public Health;Apr2003, Vol. 93 Issue 4, p624 

    Objectives. We identify symptom patterns among veterans who believe they suffer from Gulf War--related illnesses and characterize groups of individuals with similar patterns. Methods. A mail survey was completed by 1161 veterans drawn from the Gulf War Health Registry. Results. An exploratory...

  • Incidence of cancer among UK Gulf war veterans: cohort study. Macfarlane, Gary J; Biggs, Anne-Marie; Maconochie, Noreen; Doyle, Patricia; Hotopf, Matthew; Lunt, Mark // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);12/13/2003, Vol. 327 Issue 7428, p1373 

    Abstract Objectives: To determine whether incidence rates of cancer are higher in UK service personnel who were deployed in the Gulf war than in those not deployed and whether any increased risk of cancer is related to self reported exposures to potentially hazardous material during the period...

  • Estimate of the Time Zero Lung Burden of Depleted Uranium in Persian Gulf War Veterans by the 24-Hour Urinary Excretion and Exponential Decay Analysis. Durakovic, Asaf; Horan, Patricia; Dietz, Leonard A.; Zimmerman, Isaac // Military Medicine;Aug2003, Vol. 168 Issue 8, p600 

    The aim of this study was to estimate the amount of depleted uranium (DU) in the respiratory system of Allied Forces Gulf War Veterans. Mass spectrometry {thermal ionization mass spectrometry) analysis of 24-hour urinary excretion of DU isotopes in five positive ([sup238]U/[sup235]U > 191.00)...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics