Description of industrial pollution in Spain
BMC Public Health;2007, Vol. 7, p40
Background: Toxic substances released into the environment (to both air and water) by many types of industries might be related with the occurrence of some malignant tumours and other diseases. The publication of the EPER (European Pollutant Emission Register) Spanish data allows to investigate the presence of geographical mortality patterns related to industrial pollution. The aim of this paper is to describe industrial air and water pollution in Spain in 2001, broken down by activity group and specific pollutant, and to plot maps depicting emissions of carcinogenic substances. Methods: All information on industrial pollution discharge in 2001 was drawn from EPER-Spain public records provided by the European Commission server. We described the distribution of the number of industries and amounts discharged for each pollutant, as well as emission by pollutant group and the industrial activities associated with each pollutant. Maps of Spain were drawn up, with UTM coordinates being used to plot pollutant foci, and circles with an area proportional to the emission to depict pollution emission values. Results: The EPER-Spain contained information on 1,437 industrial installations. The industrial plants that discharge pollutant substances into air and water above the pollutant-specific EPER threshold were mainly situated in the Autonomous Regions of Aragon, Andalusia and Catalonia and in Catalonia, the Basque Country and Andalusia respectively. Pollution released in 2001 into air approached 158 million Mt. Emissions into water were over 8 million Mt. Conclusion: A few single industrial plants are responsible for the highest percentage of emissions, thus rendering monitoring of their possible health impact on the surrounding population that much simpler. Among European countries Spain is the leading polluter in almost one third of all EPER-registered pollutant substances released into the air and ranks among the top three leading polluters in two-thirds of all such substances. Information obtained through publication of EPER data means that the possible consequences of reported pollutant foci on the health of neighbouring populations can now be studied.
- Practical Stuff! // Journal of Environmental Health;Nov2001, Vol. 64 Issue 4, p26
Presents information regarding water and air pollution. Mode of transmission of Shigella sonnei and Entamoeba; Problems in the water supply of schools; Microorganisms in the compressed air used in dental surgery.
- Global Environmental Snapshot. // Congo, DRC Country Review;2009, p151
The article provides synopsis on global environmental issues such as air pollution, soil degradation and water pollution in several countries including Asia Pacific, Middle East, and Europe.
- Puerto Rico's air quality good, water needs improvement. Agee, A. Dale // Caribbean Business;10/7/1993, Vol. 21 Issue 40, p35
Reports on the quality of Puerto Rico's air and water. Environmental Quality Board's (EQB) installation of air monitors; Island's air quality as good; Control of air polluters; Pockets of danger in certain work situations; Asbestos removal; Puerto Rico Aqueduct and Sewer Authority's (Prasa)...
- Environmental Issues. // Argentina Country Review;2011, p186
The article offers information on the different environmental issues in Argentina, including the water pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and the air pollution.
- Environmental Issues. // Bangladesh Country Review;2011, p192
The article presents an overview of the environmental condition of Bangladesh, relative to its deforestation, air pollution and marine pollution.
- Environmental Issues. // Denmark Country Review;2012, p215
The article provides an overview of the environmental condition in Denmark as of 2012 including water pollution from animal wastes and pesticides, air pollution, and natural hazards.
- Environmental Issues. // Haiti Country Review;2012, p203
The article provides information on the environmental issues in Haiti, including the water pollution and air pollution.
- Environmental Issues. // Honduras Country Review;2012, p189
The article provides information on the environmental issues in Honduras, including air and water pollution.
- Environmental Issues. // South Korea Country Review;2012, p219
The article provides information on the environmental issues in South Korea including air and water pollution.
Read the Article
Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM
Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.Try another library?