Incidence of cancer in the area around Amsterdam Airport Schiphol in 1988-2003: a population-based ecological study

Visser, Otto; van Wijnen, Joop H.; van Leeuwen, Flora E.
January 2005
BMC Public Health;2005, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p127
Academic Journal
Background: Amsterdam Airport Schiphol is a major source of complaints about aircraft noise, safety risks and concerns about long term adverse health effects, including cancer. We investigated whether residents of the area around Schiphol are at higher risk of developing cancer than the general Dutch population. Methods: In a population-based study using the regional cancer registry, we estimated the cancer incidence during 1988-2003 in residents of the area surrounding Schiphol. We defined a study area based on aircraft noise contours and 4-digit postal code areas, since historical data on ambient air pollution were not available and recent emission data did not differ from the background urban air quality. Results: In residents of the study area 13 207 cancer cases were diagnosed, which was close to the expected number, using national incidence rates as a reference (standardized incidence ratio [SIR] 1.02). We found a statistically significantly increased incidence of hematological malignancies (SIR 1.12, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05, 1.19), mainly due to high rates for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (SIR 1.22, 95% CI: 1.12, 1.33) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (SIR 1.34, 95% CI: 0.95, 1.83). The incidence of cancer of the respiratory system was statistically significantly decreased (SIR 0.94, 95% CI: 0.90, 0.99), due to the low rate in males (SIR 0.89). In the core zone of the study area, cancer incidence was slightly higher than in the remaining ring zone (rate ratio of the core zone compared to the ring zone 1.05, 95% CI 1.01, 1.10). This was caused by the higher incidence of cancer of the respiratory system, prostate and the female genital organs in the core zone in comparison to the ring zone. Conclusion: The overall cancer incidence in the Schiphol area was similar to the national incidence. The moderately increased risk of hematological malignancies could not be explained by higher levels of ambient air pollution in the Schiphol area. This observation warrants further research, for example in a study with focus on substances in urban ambient air pollution, as similar findings were observed in Greater Amsterdam.


Related Articles

  • Fighting cancer the Indian way.  // Asian Pacific Post;1/16/2014, p5 

    The article focuses on a study which found that phytochemicals can help combat cancer therapy side-effects in combination with conventional anti-cancer drugs.

  • Efficacy of neoadjuvant cisplatin and 5-flourouracil prior to surgery in FIGO stage IB2/IIA2 cervical cancer. SHI-PING LIU; JIA-XIN YANG; DONG-YAN CAO; KENG SHEN; YANG XIANG; JING-HE LANG // Molecular & Clinical Oncology;2014, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p240 

    Cervical cancer is currently the first or second leading cause of cancer-related mortality among women in developing countries. This study was conducted in order to determine whether neoadjuvant cisplatin and 5-flourouracil (NAPF) prior to surgery is superior to primary surgical treatment (PST)...

  • Synchronous primary ovarian and endometrial cancers: a series of cases and a review of literature. Dębska-Szmich, Sylwia; Czernek, Urszula; Krakowska, Magdalena; Frąckowiak, Marta; Zięba, Agnieszka; Czyżykowski, Rafał; Kulejewska, Dominika; Potemski, Piotr // Menopausal Review / Przeglad Menopauzalny;2014, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p64 

    Synchronous cancers account for 0.7-1.8% of all gynecologic cancers. Among them, synchronous ovarian and endometrial cancers are predominant (40-53%). Patients with synchronous cancers have better prognosis than those with single disseminated cancer. We present 10 patients with synchronous...

  • An ecological analysis of colorectal cancer incidence and mortality: Differences by sexual orientation.  // BMC Cancer;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p400 

    The article offers information on a research that examines the differences in the pattern of the occurrence of colorectal cancer and mortality using an ecological approach on the country-level sexual orientation data. It is suggested that gay and lesbian population are an increased risk of...

  • The relationship between baseline nutritional status with subsequent parenteral nutrition and clinical outcomes in cancer patients undergoing hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy. Vashi, Pankaj G.; Gupta, Digant; Lammersfeld, Carolyn A.; Braun, Donald P.; Popiel, Brenten; Misra, Subhasis; Brown, Komen C. // Nutrition Journal;2013, Vol. 12, p1 

    Background: The combination of cytoreductive surgery (CRS) and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a promising treatment option for selected patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis. This retrospective study investigated the relationship between baseline nutritional assessment...

  • Mammogram? Check. Pap Smear? Check. But Far Fewer Women Get Colon Checks, Study Finds.  // Ascribe Newswire: Medicine;5/25/2004, p69 

    Many women who regularly get checked for breast cancer and cervical cancer still don't go for a test that could save them from another big killer� colon cancer� according to new University of Michigan research. But perhaps their mammogram and Pap smear appointments could be used as...

  • Childhood cancer survivors. Asch-Goodkin, Judith; Kaplan, Deborah // Patient Care;Dec2006, Vol. 40 Issue 12, p10 

    The article discusses research being done on childhood cancer survivors. It references a study by K. C. Oeffinger et al published in a 2006 issue of "New England Journal of Medicine." The study found that adults whose childhood cancer were treated suffer from multiple chronic conditions. Most...

  • Editorial. Peters, María Giselle // Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology;Nov2011, Vol. 12 Issue 11, p1866 

    No abstract available.

  • VYUŽITÍ EXTRAANATOMICKÉHO STENTU (EAS) U PACIENTÅ® S POKROÄŒILÝM MALIGNÍM ONEMOCNÄšNÍM. Němec, David; Krhut, Jan; Mika, David; Havránek, Ondřej // Czech Urology / Ceska Urologie;2012, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p241 

    Aim: Ureteral obstruction is a frequent complication in patients with malignant diseases. The most frequently used solutions are a ureteral stent, nephrostomy or open surgical intervention. An extra-anatomic stent (EAS) represent an alternative method for urinary diversion in patients with...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics