TITLE

Falls in young, middle-aged and older community dwelling adults: perceived cause, environmental factors and injury

AUTHOR(S)
Talbot, Laura A.; Musiol, Robin J.; Witham, Erica K.; Metter, E. Jeffery
PUB. DATE
January 2005
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2005, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p86
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Falls in older people have been characterized extensively in the literature, however little has been reported regarding falls in middle-aged and younger adults. The objective of this paper is to describe the perceived cause, environmental influences and resultant injuries of falls in 1497 young (20-45 years), middle-aged (46-65 years) and older (> 65 years) men and women from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study on Aging. Methods: A descriptive study where participants completed a fall history questionnaire describing the circumstances surrounding falls in the previous two years. Results: The reporting of falls increased with age from 18% in young, to 21% in middle-aged and 35% in older adults, with higher rates in women than men. Ambulation was cited as the cause of the fall most frequently in all gender and age groups. Our population reported a higher percentage of injuries (70.5%) than previous studies. The young group reported injuries most frequently to wrist/hand, knees and ankles; the middle-aged to their knees and the older group to their head and knees. Women reported a higher percentage of injuries in all age groups. Conclusion: This is the first study to compare falls in young, middle and older aged men and women. Significant differences were found between the three age groups with respect to number of falls, activities engaged in prior to falling, perceived causes of the fall and where they fell.
ACCESSION #
29361848

 

Related Articles

  • Spotlight on Balance.  // PT: Magazine of Physical Therapy;Mar2001, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p114 

    Reports on the incidence of fall in Americans aged 65 and above. Need for education about safety and exercise; Problems with balance and gait.

  • Characteristics of single fallers and recurrent fallers among hospital in-patients. Vassallo, Michael; Sharma, Jagdish C.; Allen, Stephen C. // Gerontology;2002, Vol. 48 Issue 3, p147 

    Background: Recurrent fallers constitute a minority of patients who fall but contribute considerably to the total number of falls recorded.Objective: To study the characteristics of recurrent fallers in a hospital setting.Methods: In a prospective...

  • A cluster randomised controlled trial to prevent injury due to falls in a residential aged care population. Ward, John A.; Harden, Mandy; Gibson, Richard E.; Byles, Julie E. // Medical Journal of Australia;3/15/2010, Vol. 192 Issue 6, p319 

    The article reports on a cluster randomised controlled trial done to test the effectiveness of a full time nurse in assisting residential aged care facilities using data for falls injury prevention. It describes the trials involving 5,391 residents in 88 aged care facilities in New South Wales...

  • Slip resistance of casual footwear: implications for falls in older adults. Menz, Hylton B.; Lord, Stephen R.; McIntosh, Andrew S.; Menz, H B; Lord, S T; McIntosh, A S // Gerontology;2001, Vol. 47 Issue 3, p145 

    Background: A large proportion of falls in older people are caused by slipping. Previous occupational safety research suggests that inadequate footwear may contribute to slipping accidents; however, no studies have assessed the slip resistance of casual footwear.Objective:...

  • Evaluating an in-home multicomponent cognitive behavioural programme to manage concerns about falls and associated activity avoidance in frail community-dwelling older people: Design of a randomised control trial [NCT01358032].  // BMC Health Services Research;2011, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p228 

    The article presents a study for evaluating an in-home multicomponent cognitive behavioural programme to manage concerns about falls and associated activity avoidance in frail community-dwelling older people. A two-group randomised controlled trial has been developed and a total number of 389...

  • Ambulance crews need guidance on risk for older people who fall.  // Nursing Standard;1/31/2007, Vol. 21 Issue 21, p17 

    The article reports on the need for ambulance crews in Europe to have more guidance on risk for older people who accidentally fall. Research indicated that ambulance crews do not generally have protocols to leave people at home including the rarity of systems for referral. Researchers have...

  • Reducing Falls Among Older Women. Preboth, Monica // American Family Physician;11/15/2000, Vol. 62 Issue 10, p2364 

    Reports on the publication of a report on the incidence and prevention of hip fracture resulting from falls, which appears in the March 31, 2000 issue of the reports and recommendations series of "Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report." Description of the report and its contents; Percentage of...

  • 'Faster counting while walking' as a predictor of falls in older adults. Beauchet, Olivier; Dubost, Véronique; Allali, Gilles; Gonthier, Régis; Hermann, François R.; Kressig, Reto W. // Age & Ageing;Jul2007, Vol. 36 Issue 4, p418 

    Objective: to establish whether changes in a spoken verbal task performance while walking compared with being at rest could predict falls among older adults. Design: prospective cohort study of 12 months' duration. Setting: twenty-seven senior housing facilities. Participants: sample of 187...

  • Fear of falling: measurement strategy, prevalence, risk factors and consequences among older persons. Scheffer, Alice C.; Schuurmans, Marieke J.; Van Dijk, Nynke; Van der Hooft, Truus; De Rooij, Sophia E. // Age & Ageing;Jan2008, Vol. 37 Issue 1, p19 

    Background fear of falling (FOF) is a major health problem among the elderly living in communities, present in older people who have fallen but also in older people who have never experienced a fall. The aims of this study were 4-fold: first, to study methods to measure FOF; second, to study the...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics