TITLE

Health system outcomes and determinants amenable to public health in industrialized countries: a pooled, cross-sectional time series analysis

AUTHOR(S)
Arah, Onyebuchi A.; Westert, Gert P.; Delnoij, Diana M.; Klazinga, Niek S.
PUB. DATE
January 2005
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2005, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p81
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Few studies have tried to assess the combined cross-sectional and temporal contributions of a more comprehensive set of amenable factors to population health outcomes for wealthy countries during the last 30 years of the 20th century. We assessed the overall ecological associations between mortality and factors amenable to public health. These amenable factors included addictive and nutritional lifestyle, air quality, public health spending, healthcare coverage, and immunizations. Methods: We used a pooled cross-sectional, time series analysis with corrected fixed effects regression models in an ecological design involving eighteen member countries of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development during the period 1970 to 1999. Results: Alcohol, tobacco, and fat consumption, and sometimes, air pollution were significantly associated with higher all-cause mortality and premature death. Immunizations, health care coverage, fruit/vegetable and protein consumption, and collective health expenditure had negative effects on mortality and premature death, even after controlling for the elderly, density of practicing physicians, doctor visits and per capita GDP. However, tobacco, air pollution, and fruit/vegetable intake were sometimes sensitive to adjustments. Conclusion: Mortality and premature deaths could be improved by focusing on factors that are amenable to public health policies. Tackling these issues should be reflected in the ongoing assessments of health system performance.
ACCESSION #
29361843

 

Related Articles

  • La santé des femmes et la coopération hospitalière canadienne en Afghanistan. Ridde, Valéry // Canadian Journal of Public Health;Jan/Feb2006, Vol. 97 Issue 1, p60 

    Canadians are increasingly being asked to become involved in international health research and intervention projects. Recently, Quebec clinicians were asked to support a project to build and run a tertiary and highly-specialized hospital for women and children, in Kabul, the capital of...

  • The emergence and current performance of a health research system: lessons from Guinea Bissau.  // Health Research Policy & Systems;2012, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p5 

    The article presents a study assessing the emergence and current performance of a health research system (HRS) in Guinea Bissau. It is mentioned that, weak and donor dependent health system, volatile government, and the controversial nature of some of the research findings have affected the...

  • MARKETS FOR MEDICAL CARE AND MEDICAL EDUCATION: AN INTEGRATED LONG-RUN STRUCTURAL APPROACH. Leffler, Keith B.; Lindsay, Cotton M. // Journal of Human Resources;Winter81, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p20 

    ABSTRACT This paper investigates the relationship between the market for medical care and the market for medical education. Within a standard supply and demand framework, the capacity of medical schools is considered as an endogenous element within a complete structural system of the market for...

  • Effects of health spending on economic growth: A time series approach. Pradhan, Rudra Prakash // Decision (0304-0941);Aug2011, Vol. 38 Issue 2, p68 

    This paper investigates the co-movement and causality between health spending and economic growth in 11 OECD countries, using data for the period 1961-2007. The panel unit root test, panel co-integration test and panel-based error correction models are deployed. The empirical results provide...

  • Financing Health Care Expenditure in the OECD Countries: Evidence from a Heterogeneous, Cross-Sectional Dependent Panel. de Mello-Sampayo, Felipa; de Sousa-Vale, Sofia // Panoeconomicus;3/1/2014, Vol. 61 Issue 2, p207 

    This paper analyses the relationship between health expenditure and the way it is financed in a panel of 30 OECD countries observed annually from 1990 to 2009. The nonstationarity and cointegration properties between health care spending and its sources of funding, income, and non-income...

  • The impact of hospital accreditation on quality measures: an interrupted time series analysis. Devkaran, Subashnie; O'Farrell, Patrick N. // BMC Health Services Research;2015, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Developing countries frequently use hospital accreditation to guarantee quality and patient safety. However, implementation of accreditation standards is demanding on organisations. Furthermore, the empirical literature on the benefits of accreditation is sparse and this is the first...

  • FACTORING THE HABITS: COMPARING METHODS FOR DISCOVERING BEHAVIOR PATTERNS FROM LARGE SCALE ACTIVITY DATASETS. Yürüten, Onur; Pu, Pearl // IADIS International Journal on Computer Science & Information Sy;2016, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p179 

    The abundance of wearable sensors leads to massive growth of datasets of Activities of Daily Living (ADLs). Many ADL-based applications will thus need to incorporate scalable and efficient methods to organize this data. This requires an in-depth understanding of the empirical properties of...

  • Changes in the South African healthcare environment -- examining our past to predict our future. Osman, Lorraine // South African Pharmacist's Assistant;Spring2016, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p2 

    The article discusses two documents that explain the healthcare environment in South Africa in 2016, including a White Paper on the Transformation of the Health System in South Africa in April 1997, and the National Drug Policy (NDP) of 1996.

  • Generalized cointegration: a new concept with an application to health expenditure and health outcomes. Hall, Stephen; Swamy, P.; Tavlas, George // Empirical Economics;Apr2012, Vol. 42 Issue 2, p603 

    We propose a new generalization of the concept of cointegration that allows for the possibility that a set of variables are involved in an unknown nonlinear relationship. Although these variables may be unit-root non-stationary, there exists a nonlinear combination of them that takes account of...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics