A prospective study of cumulative job stress in relation to mental health

Godin, Isabelle; Kittel, France; Coppieters, Yves; Siegrist, Johannes
January 2005
BMC Public Health;2005, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p67
Academic Journal
Background: This study tests associations between psychosocial stress at work measured by the effort-reward imbalance model in a dynamic perspective, and multiple indicators of poor mental health, in a prospective design. Methods: 1986 male and female employees from four Belgian enterprises were followed-up over one year within the framework of the Somstress study. Based on two consecutive measurements, an index of cumulative job stress was constructed and its associations with five indicators of mental health were studied, excluding caseness at entry (for depression, anxiety, somatisation, chronic fatigue and psychotropic drug consumption respectively). Taking into account the longitudinal design, four categories of job stress are defined: 1) employees free from stress at both measures, 2) job stress present at first measure but not at the second one, 3) recent onset of job stress as evidenced by second measure 4) workers exposed to stress at both measures. Multivariate logistic regression with appropriate adjustments was applied. Results: In bivariate analysis, a clear graded association of cumulative job stress with all five mental health indicators is observed, both in men and women. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, recent onset of stress is strongly associated with poor mental health among men (odds ratios ranging from 1.8 to 4.6), while cumulative stress shows strongest effects on mental health in women (odds ratios ranging from 1.4 to 7.1). Conclusion: Cumulative experience and recent onset of job stress in terms of high effort spent and low reward received is associated with elevated risk of all five indicators of poor mental health at follow-up in a large cohort of employees.


Related Articles

  • Work Stress, Coping Strategies and Resilience: A Study among Working Females. Shueh-Yi Lian; Cai Lian Tam // Asian Social Science;Jul2014, Vol. 10 Issue 12, p41 

    The aim of this review was to evaluate research relating to the effects of coping strategies and resilience on the level of workplace stress. Much of the research focused on working mothers and working females in general. It was found that working females experienced more work stress as compared...

  • MENTAL HEALTH AT WORK PLACE. PATNAIK, JANAKI BALLAV; DASH, MANJU SMITA // Social Science International;Jan-Jun2013, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p141 

    Stress is conceptualised as a process that involves recognition of and response to threat or danger. Coping on the other hand is a central part of this process includes overt and covert response to threat or danger usually directed towards overall reduction of stress. The present study intended...

  • Work Stress and Women's Health: Occupational Status Effects. Burke, Ronald J. // Journal of Business Ethics;Apr2002 Part 2, Vol. 37 Issue 1, p91 

    The article discusses research on women's occupational health issues, stating that women's on-the-job health problems are not studied often. The article describes the work stressors that women face, including balancing home and work, organizational politics and tokenism. The article discusses...

  • Using participatory research to help promote the physical and mental health of female social workers in child welfare. Gold, Nora // Child Welfare;Nov/Dec98, Vol. 77 Issue 6, p701 

    The article cites a study focused on issues related to the physical and mental health of women social workers in child welfare. The study involved forty female workers and interviewed them concerning the positive and negative aspects of their work, its effects on their physical and mental...

  • Mind over Matter: Exploring Job Stress among Female Blue-Collar Workers. Griffin-Blake, C. Shannon; Tucker, Pattie J.; Liburd, Leandris // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);Dec2006, Vol. 15 Issue 10, p1105 

    Although overall health has been defined holistically as the integration of a person's optimal mental, physical, social, intellectual, and spiritual well-being, a mental health focus remains on the fringe of many public health efforts. This report describes recent efforts by the Centers for...

  • PSYCHIATRISTS on the ASSEMBLY LINE. Elleson, Jerome // Saturday Evening Post;2/11/1961, Vol. 234 Issue 6, p25 

    The article discusses the role of an industrial psychiatrist in solving job-related stress among employees. Emotional disasters add up to a staggering personnel problem for the U.S. industries. The industrial psychiatrist is, so far, management's most effective response Most of the neurotic...

  • The Kryptonite burns in Superwoman's cape. Anderson, Lisa // Marriage Partnership;Summer91, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p28 

    Comments on the results of a survey of working women showing that job stress does not create stress at home. Nationalities of the women surveyed; Nationalities of women who claim to feel the most stress at work; Top stress relievers among the women surveyed.

  • Stress and the Woman Manager. Chusmir, Leonard H.; Franks, Victoria // Training & Development Journal;Oct88, Vol. 42 Issue 10, p66 

    Focuses on job-related stress experienced by women workers in the United States. Effect of stress on women employees' performance; Variables affecting women's ability to handle stress at work; Methods of dealing with job stress. INSET: How Human Resource Managers Can Help.

  • Perceived race-based discrimination, employment status, and job stress in a national sample of black women: implications for health outcomes. Mays, Vickie M.; Coleman, Lerita M.; Jackson, James S.; Mays, V M; Coleman, L M; Jackson, J S // Journal of Occupational Health Psychology;Jul1996, Vol. 1 Issue 3, p319 

    Previous research has not systematically examined the relationship of perceived race-based discriminations to labor force participation or job related stresses-problems experienced by Black women. The present study investigated the relative contributions of perceived race-based discriminations...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics