Seroprevalence and risk factors for toxoplasma infection among pregnant women in Aydin province, Turkey

Ertug, Sema; Okyay, Pinar; Turkmen, Munevver; Yuksel, Hasan
January 2005
BMC Public Health;2005, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
Background: The aims of the present study were to determine the prevalence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women at first trimester of their pregnancy and to follow up the seroconversion for next two trimesters, and to identify the risk factors and possible contamination routes in Aydin province, Turkey. Method: The sample size was calculated as 423 on a prevalence of 50%, d=0.05 at a confidence level of 95% with 10% addition. It was a cross-sectional study with multistage sampling. After a questionnaire applied to the pregnant women, anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies were studied with ELISA and IFA, values in conflict with DA test, where IgM antibodies were studied with ELISA and for borderline or positive values of IgM avidity test was used. Results: The mean age of 389 (92.9%) of pregnant women in the study was 24.28+/-4.56 years, the seroprevalence of anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies for toxoplasmosis was 30.1%. Seroprevalence was increased with age (p=0.001) and with drinking water consumption other than bottled water (p=0.042). No significant relations were observed between anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibodies and education level, being native or migrant, abortion history, consumption of meat, vegetable and milk/milk products, personal or kitchen hygiene habits, cat owning at home of the pregnant women. No IgM antibody was detected. Conclusion: One of every three pregnant women in Aydin was at risk of toxoplasmosis at the first trimester of their pregnancy. Increased seroprevalance with age was a predictable result because of increasing time of exposure. Increased seroprevalence with consumption of municipal and uncontrolled water (well/spring water) supplies was similar with latest epidemiological findings.


Related Articles

  • Procjena incidence kongenitalne toksoplazmoze na osnovu seroloÅ¡kih istraÜživanja u trudnica i Üžena fertilne dobi. Bektaš, Sabaheta; Bešlagić, Edina; Zdilar, Jasmina; Zdilar, Anton // Materia Socio Medica;2007, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p197 

    In many countries of Europe and all around the world, the prevention of congenital toxoplasmosis is an important public health issue that requires large efforts. The aim of this article is the risk assessment of primary infection in the pregnancy, and resultant congenital toxoplasmosis. In this...

  • Toxoplasmosis.  // American Family Physician;5/15/2003, Vol. 67 Issue 10, p2145 

    Offers information on toxoplasmosis. Prevalence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women; Symptoms; Treatment.

  • Seroepidemiologic Evaluation of Anti-toxoplasma Antibodies among Women in North of Iran. Saeedi, Mohsen; Veghari, Gholam Reza; Marjani, Abdoljalal // Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences;2007, Vol. 10 Issue 14, p2359 

    This study is a cross sectional and descriptive study. Sample population was the women referred for marriage consultation to Gorgan Marriage Consultation Center in 2004. The prevalence of toxoplasma antibodies (IgG, IgM) was determined by ELISA method. Blood samples were collected randomly from...

  • Toxoplasmosis-related knowledge and practices among pregnant women in the United States. Jones, Jeffrey L.; Ogunmodede, Folashade; Scheftel, Joni; Kirkland, Elizabeth; Lopez, Adriana; Schulkin, Jay; Lynfield, Ruth // Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics & Gynecology;2003, Vol. 11 Issue 3, p139 

    Background: Infection with Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy can lead to severe illness in the fetus. Many T. gondii infections are preventable by simple hygienic measures. Methods: We surveyed pregnant women in the US to determine their knowledge about toxoplasmosis and their practices to...

  • Toxoplasmosis congénita: aspectos clínicos y epidemiológicos de la infección durante el embarazo. Rosso, Fernando; Agudelo, Alejandro; Isaza, Ángela; Montoya, José Gilberto // Colombia Medica;jul-sep2007, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p316 

    We present an updated review on toxoplasmosis during the pregnancy and its more feared outcome, the damage to the fetus and the newborn. The scope of this review is to summarize current and important epidemiological and clinical aspects concerning this disease. Several new parasitological and...

  • Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection among immigrant and native pregnant women in Eastern Spain. Ramos, José; Milla, Afredo; Rodríguez, Juan; Padilla, Sergio; Masiá, Mar; Gutiérrez, Félix // Parasitology Research;Nov2011, Vol. 109 Issue 5, p1447 

    In European countries, toxoplasma antenatal screening is recommended to prevent toxoplasmosis. The seroprevalence of these infections in immigrants can be different than in native population. From February 2006 to June 2010, a cross-sectional study was carried out in all pregnant women attended...

  • The hidden hazards of spring: why pregnant women and the immunocompromised should avoid lambing. Osborne, Bridget // British Journal of General Practice;Mar2015, Vol. 65 Issue 632, p144 

    The article provides information regarding health-related issues facing pregnant women in Great Britain, particularly on the process of lambing as well as the risk in handling live vaccines used to prevent diseases in sheep. It reveals that any pregnant woman should avoid contact with animals...

  • Prevalence of iodine deficiency among pregnant and lactating women: Experience in Kolkata. Majumder, Anirban; Jaiswal, Arvinda; Chatterjee, Sudip // Indian Journal of Endocrinology & Metabolism;Jul/Aug2014, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p486 

    Objective: The cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the iodine status of pregnant and lactating mothers, using median urinary iodine excretion (UIE) as the measure of outcome, to document the prevalence of iodine deficiency. Materials and Methods: The present study assessed the UIE in...

  • Observational study to assess pregnant women's knowledge and behaviour to prevent toxoplasmosis, listeriosis and cytomegalovirus. Pereboom, Monique T. R.; Manniën, Judith; Spelten, Evelien R.; Schellevis, François G.; Hutton, Eileen K. // BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: Toxoplasmosis, listeriosis and cytomegalovirus (CMV) can negatively affect pregnancy outcomes, but can be prevented by simple precautions of pregnant women. Literature suggests that pregnant women are not always adequately informed by their care provider about preventable infectious...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics