TITLE

Gender and age differences among current smokers in a general population survey

AUTHOR(S)
John, Ulrich; Hanke, Monika; Meyer, Christian; Schumann, Anja
PUB. DATE
January 2005
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2005, Vol. 5, p57
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Evidence suggests a higher proportion of current smokers among female than among male ever smokers at the age above 50. However, little is known about the proportion of current smokers among ever smokers in old age groups with consideration of women in comparison to men from general population samples. The goal was to analyze the proportions of current smokers among female and among male ever smokers including those older than 80. Methods: Cross-sectional survey study with a national probability household sample in Germany. Data of 179,472 participants aged 10 or older were used based on face-to-face in-home interviews or questionnaires. The proportions of current smokers among ever smokers were analyzed dependent on age, age of onset of smoking and cigarettes per day including effect modification by gender. Results: Proportions of current smokers tended to be larger among female than among male ever smokers aged 40 or above. Women compared to men showed adjusted odds ratios of 1.7 to 6.9 at ages 40 to 90 or older in contrast to men. No such interaction existed for age of onset of smoking or cigarettes per day. Conclusion: Special emphasis should be given to current smokers among the female general population at the age of 40 or above in public health intervention.
ACCESSION #
29361819

 

Related Articles

  • Gender Differences among Hardcore Smokers: An Analysis of the Tobacco Use Supplement of the Current Population Survey. Augustson, Erik M.; Barzani, Dilyara; Rutten, Lila J. Finney; Marcus, Stephen // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);Sep2008, Vol. 17 Issue 7, p1167 

    Background: Despite significant declines in smoking rates in the United States, a substantial percentage of adults continue to smoke. Improved understanding of current smokers and their contact with sources of cessation support future tobacco control efforts. Recent evidence suggests that...

  • Developmental trajectories of cigarette smoking from adolescence to the early thirties: Personality and behavioral risk factors. Brook, David W.; Brook, Judith S.; Chenshu Zhang; Whiteman, Martin; Cohen, Patricia; Finch, Stephen J. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Aug2008, Vol. 10 Issue 8, p1283 

    The purpose of this study was to identify distinct trajectories of cigarette smoking from ages 14 to 32, and to examine adolescent personality factors that distinguish trajectories of smoking behavior. Participants (N = 975) were randomly selected and followed prospectively since 1975. Follow-up...

  • Lifestyle patterns in smokers and non-smokers in the state of Bahrain. Hamadeh, Randah R.; Musaiger, Abdulrahman O. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Feb2000, Vol. 2 Issue 1, p65 

    The purpose of the study was to compare Bahraini adult male and female smokers with former smokers and non-smokers with respect to several aspects of lifestyle. A simplified general method for cluster-sample survey was used to select 516 subjects aged 30–79 years. Study subjects were...

  • The Potential Effectiveness of Warning Labels on Cigarette Packages. Koval, John J.; Aubut, Jo-Anne L.; Pederson, Linda L.; O'Hegarty, Michelle; Chan, Stella S.H. // Canadian Journal of Public Health;Sep/Oct2005, Vol. 96 Issue 5, p353 

    Background: Since 1989 when health warning labels appeared on Canadian cigarette packages, the labels have changed from text only covering less than one quarter of the package to text and graphics covering over half the package. This study examines how Canadians in their 20s feel about the...

  • Sex differences in the influence of nicotine dose instructions on the reinforcing and self-reported rewarding effects of smoking. Perkins, Kenneth A.; Doyle, Todd; Ciccocioppo, Melinda; Conklin, Cynthia; Sayette, Michael; Caggiula, Anthony // Psychopharmacology;Feb2006, Vol. 184 Issue 3/4, p600 

    The article discusses research on sex differences in the influence of nicotine dose instructions on the reinforcing and self-reported rewarding effects of smoking. It compares the influence of the presence versus absence of dose instructions on the subjective and reinforcing effects of nicotine...

  • Fags and feminism. Drife, James Owen // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);9/16/95, Vol. 311 Issue 7007, p756 

    Comments on the cigarette smoking among women. Link between smoking and lung cancer; Implications of lung cancer to women.

  • Women and Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General. Thompson, Tommy G. // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Feb2002, Vol. 4 Issue 1, p7 

    Presents a report from the office of the U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services on women and smoking. Lung cancer mortality; Percentage of women who smoked cigarettes; Volume of high school girls who smoke.

  • Retrospective study: influence of menstrual cycle on cue-induced cigarette craving. Franklin, Teresa R.; Napier, Kimberly; Ehrman, Ronald; Gariti, Peter; O'Brien, Charles P.; Childress, Anna Rose // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Feb2004, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p171 

    Cigarettes acquire reinforcing properties from nicotine and from cues associated with their intake. However, smoking in males and females may be reinforced differentially. Smoking in females is posited to be influenced more by cues whereas male smoking is influenced predominantly by the direct...

  • Smokers' sex and the effects of tobacco cigarettes: subject-rated and physiological measures. Eissenberg, Thomas; Adams, Camille; Riggins III, Earl C.; Likness, Mark // Nicotine & Tobacco Research;Dec1999, Vol. 1 Issue 4, p317 

    Examines sex differences in the physiological and subjective effects of tobacco to smokers in the United States. Comparison between men and women's smoking behavior; Evidence supporting the claim that women find quitting smoking more difficult than men.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics