TITLE

Socioeconomic factors and low birth weight in Mexico

AUTHOR(S)
Torres-Arreola, Laura P.; Constantino-Casas, Patricia; Flores-Hernández, Sergio; Villa-Barragán, Juan Pablo; Rendón-Macías, Enrique
PUB. DATE
January 2005
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2005, Vol. 5, p20
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Low birth weight (LBW) is a public health problem linked to lack of equity in populations. Despite efforts to decrease the proportion of newborns with LBW, success has been quite limited. In recent years, studies focused on explaining how social factors influence this problem have shown that populations with greater inequities have a greater proportion of newborns with LBW. Methods: The objective was to describe socioeconomic factors related to LBW adjusted by demographic, reproductive and health services variables in Mexico City. A case-control study was carried out in three hospitals with gynaecological and obstetrics services in Mexico City during the first half of 1996. During the recruiting period all children with LBW (cases), defined as newborns weighing <2500 grams, were matched with children born on the same day to control for time of birth. Upon arrival at the hospital for delivery, women were interviewed to determine if they met our inclusion criteria. Women with a history of chronic conditions and those with twin or multiple pregnancies were excluded. Variables with clinical and statistical significance were included in a multivariate model (logistic regression). Results: We found that low socioeconomic level was the most important risk factor for LBW and was independent of other factors, including those related to reproduction and nutrition, smoking, morbidity during pregnancy, accessibility to health services and prenatal care (OR 2.68; 95% CI 1.19, 6.03). Conclusion: We found that socioeconomic factors are relevant to LBW. However further research should be done in different population groups as well as developing precise ways of measuring socioeconomic factors and their role in reproductive health.
ACCESSION #
29361782

 

Related Articles

  • The Effects of Prenatal Care Upon the Health of the Newborn. Gortmaker, Steven L. // American Journal of Public Health;Jul1979, Vol. 69 Issue 7, p653 

    Data upon all births and infant deaths in New York City in 1968 are analyzed using methods for the analysis of multidimensional contingency tables. These methods provide estimates of the effect of variations in prenatal care upon the relative risks of low birth weight and neonatal and...

  • WIC Participation and Pregnancy Outcomes: Massachusetts Statewide Evaluation Project. Kotelchuck, Milton; Schwartz, Janet B.; Anderka, Marlene T.; Finison, Karl S. // American Journal of Public Health;Oct84, Vol. 74 Issue 10, p1086 

    Abstract: The effects of WIC prenatal participation were examined using data from the Massachusetts Birth and Death Registry. The birth outcomes of 4,126 pregnant women who participated in the WIC program and gave birth in 1978 were compared to those of 4,126 women individually matched on...

  • An Investigation of Paternity Status and Other Factors Associated with Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Birth Outcomes in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Ngui, Emmanuel; Cortright, Alicia; Blair, Kathleen // Maternal & Child Health Journal;Jul2009, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p467 

    Objective To examine factors associated with preterm birth and low birthweight and the role of paternity status in birth outcomes among racial/ethnic groups in Milwaukee. Methods Retrospective analysis of data on 151,869 singleton live births (1993--2006) from the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin....

  • Trends in Prenatal Care Use and Low Birthweight in Southeast Brazil. Goldani, Marcelo Z.; Barbieri, Marco A.; Silva, Antonio A. M.; Bettiol, Heloisa // American Journal of Public Health;Aug2004, Vol. 94 Issue 8, p1366 

    Objectives. We investigated trends in prenatal care use and its association with low birthweight in a developing country. Methods. We examined data from 2 southeast Brazilian cohort surveys, 1 conducted in 1978-1979 and the other in 1994. Results. Socioeconomic inequalities in prenatal care use...

  • Maternal Smoking: Determinants and Associated Morbidity in Two Areas in Lebanon. Bachir, Rana; Chaaya, Monique // Maternal & Child Health Journal;May2008, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p298 

    This study assessed the factors related to smoking during pregnancy in two areas in Lebanon, and the association of smoking to selected maternal and newborn health related factors. This was a secondary analysis of data on 538 women who delivered in nine hospitals in two areas in Lebanon. Women...

  • ASSISTÊNCIA PRÉ-NATAL NA REDE BÁSICA DE FORTALEZA-CE: UMA AVALIAÇÃO DA ESTRUTURA, DO PROCESSO E DO RESULTADO. Rocha, Rebeca Silveira; da Silva, Marcelo Gurgel Carlos // Revista Brasileira em Promoção da Saúde;jul-set2012, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p344 

    Objective: To evaluate the prenatal care assistance in the primary health care network in Fortaleza-CE, considering the structure, process and results. Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study, of quantitative approach, performed between October 2009 and February 2011, in 30 Health Units...

  • Social Networks in Poor Neighborhoods Reduce Odds of Low Birth Weight. Breslin, M. // Family Planning Perspectives;Nov/Dec97, Vol. 29 Issue 6, p293 

    The article reports on neighborhood characteristics linked with poverty that are associated with reduced odds of low birth weight according to the study "Neighborhood Social Environments and the Distribution of Low Birth weight in Chicago." Several neighborhood characteristics that are typically...

  • Does facility-based newborn care improve neonatal outcomes? A review of evidence. Neogi, Sutapa; Malhotra, Sumit; Zodpey, Sanjay; Mohan, Pavitra // Indian Pediatrics;Aug2012, Vol. 49 Issue 8, p651 

    Context: Facility based newborn care is gaining importance as an intervention aiming at reduction of neonatal mortality. Objective: To assess different factors that affect effectiveness of facility based newborn care on neonatal outcomes. Evidence acquisition: Electronic search using key search...

  • Is Neighborhood Deprivation Independently Associated with Maternal and Infant Health? Evidence from Florida and Washington. Cubbin, Catherine; Marchi, Kristen; Lin, Michael; Bell, Thomas; Marshall, Helen; Miller, Curt; Braveman, Paula // Maternal & Child Health Journal;Jan2008, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p61 

    To determine whether a widely used measure of neighborhood-level socioeconomic deprivation was associated with unintended pregnancy, delayed/no prenatal care, low birth weight (LBW), and not breastfeeding, after adjusting for a more comprehensive set of individual-level socioeconomic factors...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics