The validity of self-reported weight in US adults: a population based cross-sectional study

Villanueva, Elmer V.; Villanueva, E V
January 2001
BMC Public Health;2001, Vol. 1 Issue 1, p11
Academic Journal
journal article
Background: Investigating the validity of the self-reported values of weight allows for the proper assessment of studies using questionnaire-derived data. The study examined the accuracy of gender-specific self-reported weight in a sample of adults. The effects of age, education, race and ethnicity, income, general health and medical status on the degree of discrepancy (the difference between self-reported weight and measured weight) are similarly considered.Methods: The analysis used data from the US Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Self-reported and measured weights were abstracted and analyzed according to sex, age, measured weight, self-reported weight, and body mass index (BMI). A proportional odds model was applied.Results: The weight discrepancy was positively associated with age, and negatively associated with measured weight and BMI. Ordered logistic regression modeling showed age, race-ethnicity, education, and BMI to be associated with the degree of discrepancy in both sexes. In men, additional predictors were consumption of more than 100 cigarettes and the desire to change weight. In women, marital status, income, activity level, and the number of months since the last doctor's visit were important.Conclusions: Predictors of the degree of weight discrepancy are gender-specific, and require careful consideration when examined.


Related Articles

  • Truthiness and Falsiness of Trivia Claims Depend on Judgmental Contexts. Newman, Eryn J.; Garry, Maryanne; Unkelbach, Christian; Bernstein, Daniel M.; Lindsay, D. Stephen; Nash, Robert A. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory & Cognition;Sep2015, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p1337 

    When people rapidly judge the truth of claims presented with or without related but nonprobative photos, the photos tend to inflate the subjective truth of those claims--a "truthiness" effect (Newman et al., 2012). For example, people more often judged the claim "Macadamia nuts are in the same...

  • Fat chance.  // New Statesman;9/11/2006, Vol. 135 Issue 4809, p50 

    In this article the author describes her reaction when, on a trip to Italy, her Italian relatives comment relentlessly on her having gained weight. She is taken aback by such honesty, but wonders if the bluntness about her weight did not, in fact, do her a favor. The author notes that her...

  • Lie To Me. Wells, Linda // Allure;Sep2010, Vol. 20 Issue 9, p56 

    The author offers her thoughts about lies and lying. She believes that most people lie, as shown by a survey which found that about 42% of Americans lie about their weight. The author admits that at some point she has lied in order to protect other people's feeling and that her lies confine...

  • Self-Lines: A New, Psychometrically Sound, ‘User-Friendly’ Idiographic Technique for Assessing Self-Discrepancies. Francis, Jillian J.; Boldero, Jennifer M.; Sambell, Natalie L. // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Feb2006, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p69 

    Self-discrepancy theory [E. T. Higgins, 1987] proposes that discrepancies between self and ‘ideal’ standards are associated with dejection-related emotions, whereas discrepancies between self and ‘ought’ standards are associated with agitation-related emotions. Although...

  • fact or fable?  // Baby Talk;Mar2009, Vol. 74 Issue 2, p18 

    The article focuses on the falsehood regarding the statement that babies will not sleep all night until they attain a certain weight. According to Marc Weissbluth, author of "Healthy Sleep Habits, Happy Child," sleeping more hours in a single stretch is an outcome of a baby's maturing brain and...

  • Are you a help or a hinderance? Pollock, Ted // Electric Light & Power;Apr2003, Vol. 81 Issue 4, p26 

    Advocates the employee's responsibility of offering help to co-employees. Reasons for the solicitation of help in the corporate world; Determination of qualification through self-evaluation checklist; Impact of the guide on the employee's credibility level.

  • Reliability and validity of self-reported weight and height in Belgium. Pérez-Cueto, F. J. A.; Verbeke, W. // Nutricion Hospitalaria;may/jun2009, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p366 

    The article presents a report titled "Reliability and Validity of Self-Reported Weight and Height in Belgium," by researchers F. J. A. Pérez-Cueto and W. Verbeke. The focus of the research is the assessment of the reliability and validity of values that were self-reported by men and women...

  • Acquaintanceship and the discrepancy between supervisor and self-assessments. Sundvik, Lilli; Lindeman, Marjaana // Journal of Social Behavior & Personality;Mar98, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p117 

    It has been suggested that the discrepancy between positive self-assessments and other raters' more negative assessments may reflect not a self-leniency bias, but rather the fact that the raters do not know the ratees well enough. The present study examined this possibility in natural...

  • Virtue or Pretense? Looking behind Self-Declared Innocence in Doping. Petróczi, Andrea; Aidman, Eugene V.; Hussain, Iltaf; Deshmukh, Nawed; Nepusz, Tamás; Uvacsek, Martina; Tóth, Miklós; Barker, James; Naughton, Declan P. // PLoS ONE;2010, Vol. 5 Issue 5, p1 

    Background: Social science studies of doping practices in sport rely predominantly on self-reports. Studies of psychoactive drug use indicate that self-reporting is characterised by under-reporting. Likewise doping practice is likely to be equally under-reported, if not more so. This calls for...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics