TITLE

A prospective study of rural drinking water quality and acute gastrointestinal illness

AUTHOR(S)
Strauss, Barbara; King, Will; Ley, Arthur; Hoey, John R.
PUB. DATE
January 2001
SOURCE
BMC Public Health;2001, Vol. 1 Issue 1, p8
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: This study examined the relationship between the bacteriological contamination of drinking water from private wells and acute gastrointestinal illness (AGII), using current government standards for safe drinking water. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted using 235 households (647 individuals) randomly selected from four rural hamlets. Data were collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire, a self-report diary of symptoms and two drinking water samples. Results: Twenty percent of households sampled, had indicator bacteria (total coliform or Escherichia coli (E. coli)) above the current Canadian and United States standards for safe drinking water. No statistically significant associations between indicator bacteria and AGII were observed. The odds ratio (OR) for individuals exposed to E. coli above the current standards was 1.52 (95% confidence interval (CI), 0.33-6.92), compared to individuals with levels below current standards. The odds ratio estimate for individuals exposed to total coliforms above the current standards was 0.39 (95% CI, 0.10-1.50). Conclusions: This study observed a high prevalence of bacteriological contamination of private wells in the rural hamlets studied. Individual exposure to contaminated water defined by current standards may be associated with an increased risk of AGII.
ACCESSION #
29336448

 

Related Articles

  • And Now, Mercury. Zwerdling, Daniel // New Republic;8/1/70, Vol. 163 Issue 5, p17 

    Discusses the magnitude of the mercury pollution crisis in the United States. Discovery of lethal doses of mercury in Lake St. Clair fishes; States that decided to shut their lakes and rivers to fishing; Estimated volume of poisonous mercury sludge being dump by chemical manufacturers annually;...

  • Estimation of uranium and radon concentration in some drinking water samples of Upper Siwaliks, India. Singh, Joga; Singh, Harmanjit; Singh, Surinder; Bajwa, B. S. // Environmental Monitoring & Assessment;Jul2009, Vol. 154 Issue 1-4, p15 

    Uranium and radon concentration was assessed in water samples taken from hand pumps, natural sources and wells collected from some areas of Upper Siwaliks, Northern India. Fission track registration technique was used to estimate the uranium content of water samples. The uranium concentration in...

  • Is Your Drinking Water Really Safe? Kelly, Alice Lesch; Howard, Melanie; Chen, Daryl; Weinhold, Robert; Sole-Smith, Virginia; Palanjian, Amy // Organic Style;Sep2004, Vol. 4 Issue 7, p110 

    Presents the result of studies on the quality of drinking-water conducted by U.S. researchers in 2004. List of water contaminants; Role of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in ensuring water quality; Impact of the drinking water contamination on the health of residents in the country.

  • 2005 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report.  // Grand Saline Sun (TX);8/24/2006, Vol. 110 Issue 34, p7 

    The article presents the 2005 Annual Drinking Water Quality Report of Pruitt Sandflat WSC in Texas. The report contains water quality data that are derived from the required tests of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The data includes water sources, water contaminants and constituents. A...

  • The New Standard for Drinking Water. Goncharuk, V. // Journal of Chemistry;2013, p1 

    The main positions of the new standard on drinking water are provided. The inconsistency of existing approaches to the assessment including methodology of drinking water quality was substantiated. The main advantage of the new standard is the inclusion of integral methods of water quality,...

  • Russia's real drink problem. Edwards, Rob // New Scientist;11/01/97, Vol. 156 Issue 2106, p14 

    Cites the findings of a study on the drinking water quality in the Kola peninsula in northern Russia conducted by Barlindhaug, a firm of consulting engineers based in Tromso. Contamination of the drinking water with raw sewerage and heavy metals; Effects of the contaminated drinking water on...

  • Weather, Water Quality and Infectious Gastrointestinal Illness in Two Inuit Communities in Nunatsiavut, Canada: Potential Implications for Climate Change. Harper, Sherilee; Edge, Victoria; Schuster-Wallace, Corinne; Berke, Olaf; McEwen, Scott // EcoHealth;Mar2011, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p93 

    Climate change is expected to cause changes in precipitation quantity, intensity, frequency and duration, which will subsequently alter environmental conditions and might increase the risk of waterborne disease. The objective of this study was to describe the seasonality of and explore...

  • The quality of drinking water stored in canteens of field soldiers as a potential source of enteric diseases. Gavrieli, Benjamin; Potasman, Israel; Armon, Robert H. // Journal of Water & Health;Jun2010, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p236 

    Israel Defense Forces (IDF) guidelines for drinking water require the use of water only from sources that have been inspected and authorized by a medical expert. This study aimed to compare canteen water quality of two military units (infantry and armoured corps), to search for sources of...

  • Is my water safe to drink? Are you contaminating your own drinking water? Hokanson, Toni // Hudson Valley Business Journal;11/7/2011, Vol. 22 Issue 45, p17 

    The article offers advice on how to prevent contamination in drinking water on wells in Mid-Hudson Valley, New York. It cites the ways not to contaminate the water which includes not to dump chemicals in the ground, not to flush expired prescriptions, and to test water annually for coliform...

  • Acute gastrointestinal effects of graded levels of copper in drinking water. Pizarro, Fernando; Olivares, Manuel; Uauy, Ricardo; Contreras, Patricia; Rebelo, Adriana; Gidi, Virginia // Environmental Health Perspectives;Feb1999, Vol. 107 Issue 2, p117 

    Determines the acute gastrointestinal effects caused by the consumption of drinking water containing graded levels of copper. Correlation between water consumption and gastrointestinal symptoms; Relationship between abdominal pain and vomiting with copper concentrations in water; Association...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics