Schizophrenia and quality of life: a one-year follow-up in four EU countries

Kovess-Masféty, Viviane; Xavier, Miguel; Kustner, Berta Moreno; Suchocka, Agnieszka; Sevilla-Dedieu, Christine; Dubuis, Jacques; Lacalmontie, Elisabeth; Pellet, Jacques; Roelandt, Jean-Luc; Walsh, Dermot
January 2006
BMC Psychiatry;2006, Vol. 6, p39
Academic Journal
Background: This article systematically monitors the quality of life (QOL) of patients with schizophrenia from seven different sites across four European countries: France, Ireland, Portugal and Spain. Methods: A one-year prospective cohort study was carried out. Inclusion criteria for patients were: a clinical lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia according to ICD-10 (F20) diagnostic criteria for research, age between 18 and 65 years and at least one contact with mental health services in 1993. Data concerning QOL were recorded in seven sites from four countries: France, Portugal, Ireland and Spain, and were obtained using the Baker and Intagliata scale. At baseline, 339 patients answered the QOL questionnaire. At one-year follow-up, Spain could not participate, so only 263 patients were contacted and 219 agreed to take part. QOL was compared across centres by areas and according to a global index. QOL was correlated with presence of clinical and social problems, needs for care and interventions provided during the one-year follow-up. Results: We did not find any link between gender and QOL. There were some significant differences between centres concerning many items. What is more, these differences were relative: in Lisbon where the lowest level of satisfaction was recorded, people were satisfied with food but highly dissatisfied with finances, whereas in St Etienne, where the highest level of satisfaction was recorded, people were less satisfied with food when they were more satisfied with finances. The evolution in one year among those respondents who took part in the follow-up (excluding the subjects from Granada) showed different patterns depending on the items. Conclusion: The four countries have different resources and patients live in rather different conditions. However, the main differences as far as their QOL is concerned very much depend on extra-psychiatric variables, principally marital status and income.


Related Articles

  • Attitudes to antipsychotic drugs and their side effects: a comparison between general practitioners and the general population. Helbling, Josef; Ajdacic-Gross, Vladeta; Lauber, Christoph; Weyermann, Ruth; Burns, Tom; Rössler, Wulf // BMC Psychiatry;2006, Vol. 6, p42 

    Background: Attitudes towards antipsychotic medication play an important part in the treatment for schizophrenia and related disorders. We aimed measuring general practitioners' attitudes to antipsychotic drugs and their adverse side effects and comparing these with the attitudes of the general...

  • Dimensions of Premorbid Functioning in Schizophrenia: A Review of Neuromotor, Cognitive, Social, and Behavioral Domains. Schenkel, Lindsay S.; Silverstein, Steven M. // Genetic, Social & General Psychology Monographs;Aug2004, Vol. 130 Issue 3, p241 

    After a brief discussion of methods for studying the premorbid period in schizophrenia, the authors review relevant experimental literature to assess the validity of current theories. A critical review is provided that includes representative empirical investigations on premorbid functioning in...

  • Recent approaches to psychological interventions for people at risk of psychosis. Bechdolf, Andreas; Phillips, Lisa J.; Francey, Shona M.; Leicester, Steven; Morrison, Anthony P.; Veith, Verena; Klosterkötter, Joachim; McGorry, Patrick D. // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience;2006, Vol. 256 Issue 3, p159 

    With the emerging global focus on early psychosis, indicated prevention in schizophrenia has increasingly become a focus of psychiatric research interests. It has been argued that CBT may have some advantages compared with antipsychotics regarding this issue. According to MEDLINE, EMBASE and...

  • Pathways Leading to Suicide in Schizophrenia. Alar�is�nen, Antti; Heikkinen, Johanna; Kianickova, Zuzana; Miettunen, Jouko; R�s�nen, Pirkko; Isohanni, Matti // Current Psychiatry Reviews;2007, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p233 

    The aim of this systematic review is to report the pre- and postmorbid trajectories leading to suicide in schizophrenia, with special focus on novel research published in 2003-2006. Individuals with schizophrenia who commit suicide seem to follow a developmental trajectory that differs partly...

  • How Prevalent Is Schizophrenia?  // PLoS Medicine;May2005, Vol. 2 Issue 5, p362 

    Presents an abstract of the study "A Systematic Review of the Prevalence of Schizophrenia," by S. Saba, D. Chant, J. Welham and J. McGrath, published in the 2005 issue of "PLoS."

  • Semantics and N400: insights for schizophrenia. Kumar, Namita; Debruille, Bruno // Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience;Mar2004, Vol. 29 Issue 2, p89 

    Thought disorder is a hallmark symptom of schizophrenia, which often leads to deficits in social functioning. Some aspects of this cognitive dysfunction are the result of abnormal characteristics in the semantic processes of patients. These abnormalities exist not only at the discourse...

  • Consanguinity and schizophrenia in Sudan. Ahmed, A. H. // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jun79, Vol. 134, p635 

    The rate of first-cousin marriages among the patients of schizophrenics was compared with a control group in an isolated highly inbred sudanese community, no significant difference being found.

  • Alternative Complement Pathway in Schizophrenia. Boyajyan, Anna; Khoyetsyan, Aren; Chavushyan, Andranik // Neurochemical Research;Jun2010, Vol. 35 Issue 6, p894 

    In the present study, we evaluated functional activity of the alternative pathway of complement in schizophrenia by measuring the alternative pathway hemolytic activity (AH50) of complement as well as hemolytic activity of the complement C3 component (C3H50) in the blood of patients with...

  • Urbanization and traffic related exposures as risk factors for Schizophrenia. Pedersen, Carsten Bøcker; Bo Mortensen, Preben // BMC Psychiatry;2006, Vol. 6, p2 

    Background: Urban birth or upbringing increase schizophrenia risk. Though unknown, the causes of these urban-rural differences have been hypothesized to include, e.g., infections, diet, toxic exposures, social class, or an artefact due to selective migration. Methods: We investigated the...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics