High effectiveness of self-help programs after drug addiction therapy

Vederhus, John-Kåre; Kristensen, Øistein
January 2006
BMC Psychiatry;2006, Vol. 6, p35
Academic Journal
Background: The self-help groups Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA) are very well established. AA and NA employ a 12-step program and are found in most large cities around the world. Although many have argued that these organizations are valuable, substantial scepticism remains as to whether they are actually effective. Few treatment facilities give clear recommendations to facilitate participation, and the use of these groups has been disputed. The purpose of this study was to examine whether the use of self-help groups after addiction treatment is associated with higher rates of abstinence. Methods: One hundred and fourteen patients, 59 with alcohol dependency and 55 with multiple drug dependency, who started in self-help groups after addiction treatment, were examined two years later using a questionnaire. Return rate was 66%. Six (5%) of the patients were dead. Results: Intention-to-treat-analysis showed that 38% still participated in self-help programs two years after treatment. Among the regular participants, 81% had been abstinent over the previous 6 months, compared with only 26% of the non-participants. Logistic regression analysis showed OR = 12.6, 95% CI (4.1-38.3), p < 0.001, for participation and abstinence. Conclusion: The study has several methodological problems; in particular, correlation does not necessarily indicate causality. These problems are discussed and we conclude that the probability of a positive effect is sufficient to recommend participation in self-help groups as a supplement to drug addiction treatment.


Related Articles

  • ad·dic·tion.  // American Heritage Student Science Dictionary;2009, p4 

    Several definitions of the term "addiction" are presented. It refers to a physical or psychological need for a habit-forming substance, such as drugs or alcohol. It also refers to habitual or compulsive involvement in an activity, such as gambling.

  • "You've Got to Stop.". Palmer, Nancy Doyle // Washingtonian Magazine;Feb2007, Vol. 42 Issue 5, p111 

    The article offers insights on how the process of intervention works when alcoholism or drug addiction take over the life of a person. Intervention is an orchestrated attempt by family, friends and coworkers to confront an addict and insist on immediate treatment. The traditional model for...

  • ALCOHOLISM, The Thinking Disease. Digilio, G.-O. // Lesbian News;Mar2013, Vol. 38 Issue 8, p24 

    The author discusses attitude adjustments involved in recovering from addiction to drug or alcohol abuse. She contends that people drink or take drugs as an attempt to relieve their misery, and that many individuals mistakenly choose to stay in their unhappy state of mind. The need for a helper...

  • CHAPTER 42: ALCOHOL & DRUG ADDICTION.  // Healthcare Business Market Research Handbook;2008, p169 

    Chapter 42 of "The 2008 Healthcare Business Market Research Handbook" is presented. It focuses on alcohol and drug addiction in the U.S. which leads to 25% to 40% of hospitalizations. It notes that the U.S. spends over $484 billion per year for substance abuse including healthcare expenditures,...

  • From Addict to Athlete. Crandell, Todd; Hanc, John // Runner's World;Apr2006, Vol. 41 Issue 4, p31 

    The article relates the personal transformation of the author from being a drug and alcohol abuser to an athlete.

  • Adolescent Alcoholism and Drug Addiction: The Experience of Parents. Choate, Peter W. // Behavioral Sciences (2076-328X);2015, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p461 

    Alcoholism and drug addiction have marked impacts on the ability of families to function. Much of the literature has been focused on adult members of a family who present with substance dependency. There is limited research into the effects of adolescent substance dependence on parenting and...

  • Sobriety camp provides support. Narine, Shari // Alberta Sweetgrass;Jul2003, Vol. 10 Issue 8, p11 

    Reports on Gathering of Societies sobriety camp for rehabilitation of alcoholics and drug addicts at Buffalo Plains campground in Piikani Nation during June 25-29, 2003.

  • DRUG AND ALCOHOL PROBLEMS IN THE WORKPLACE IN ITALY. Bruno, Francesco // Journal of Drug Issues;Fall94, Vol. 24 Issue 4, p697 

    The workplace is, simultaneously, one of the least explored and most important areas where drug and alcohol problems occur. In this article some information on essential Italian features of this experience is collected and presented. According to this information, the nature and extent of drug...

  • Testing times. Willock, Rob // Contract Journal;1/21/2004, Vol. 421 Issue 6459, p40 

    Comments on the construction workers who tested positive for drugs or alcohol at Heathrow T5 in England. Ratio of companies that randomly test their staff for use of illegal drugs; Percentage of people between ages 16 and 59 who took at least one illegal drug; Effects of drugs which are...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics