TITLE

Prevalence of mental disorders in French prisons for men

AUTHOR(S)
Falissard, Bruno; Loze, Jean-Yves; Gasquet, Isabelle; Duburc, Anne; de Beaurepaire, Christiane; Fagnani, Francis; Rouillon, Frédéric
PUB. DATE
January 2006
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2006, Vol. 6, p33
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Psychiatric surveys conducted in prison populations find high prevalence rates, but diagnoses may be difficult in this particular context. None of these surveys have been conducted in France. Methods: 800 incarcerated male were sampled at random. Each prisoner was interviewed by a group of 2 clinicians, at least one of them being a senior psychiatrist. One of the clinicians used a structured clinical interview which generated DSM IV diagnosis (MINI plus); the second completed the procedure with an open clinical interview. Results: Prevalence rates for a diagnosis given independently by both clinicians and for a consensual diagnosis were respectively: 3.8% (6.2%) for schizophrenia, 17.9% (24%) for major depressive disorder, 12.0% (17.7%) for generalized anxiety and 10.8% (14.6%) for drug dependence. Conclusion: Psychiatric diagnosis can be difficult to interpret in prison, especially using traditional standardized interviews. The approach proposed here, with good reliability and closer to a day-today clinical practice, yields high prevalence rates.
ACCESSION #
29323760

 

Related Articles

  • How Prevalent Is Schizophrenia?  // PLoS Medicine;May2005, Vol. 2 Issue 5, p362 

    Presents an abstract of the study "A Systematic Review of the Prevalence of Schizophrenia," by S. Saba, D. Chant, J. Welham and J. McGrath, published in the 2005 issue of "PLoS."

  • Urbanization and traffic related exposures as risk factors for Schizophrenia. Pedersen, Carsten Bøcker; Bo Mortensen, Preben // BMC Psychiatry;2006, Vol. 6, p2 

    Background: Urban birth or upbringing increase schizophrenia risk. Though unknown, the causes of these urban-rural differences have been hypothesized to include, e.g., infections, diet, toxic exposures, social class, or an artefact due to selective migration. Methods: We investigated the...

  • Executive dysfunctions in schizophrenia: Relationships to clinical manifestation. Chan, R. C. K.; Chen, E. Y. H.; Cheung, E. F. C.; Cheung, H. K. // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience;2004, Vol. 254 Issue 4, p256 

    Studies suggest that executive functions in patients with schizophrenia are markedly impaired as compared with normal controls. Most previous studies employed tests of executive functions adopted from frontal lobe neuropsychological paradigms based on lesion studies. This study employed several...

  • Self-Monitoring in Schizophrenia. Farrer, Chl��; Franck, Nicolas // Current Psychiatry Reviews;2007, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p243 

    Many patients suffering from schizophrenia feel dispossessed from some of their actions or thoughts. This dispossession could result from impaired self-monitoring (SM), defined as the ability to monitor self-willed intentions and actions. SM has been widely studied during the past decades with...

  • The relationship of saccadic peak velocity to latency: evidence for a new prosaccadic abnormality in schizophrenia. Ramchandran, Rajeev S.; Manoach, Dara S.; Cherkasova, Mariya V.; Lindgren, Kristen A.; Goff, Donald C.; Barton, Jason J. S. // Experimental Brain Research;Nov2004, Vol. 159 Issue 1, p99 

    Antisaccades have not only longer latencies but also lower peak velocities than prosaccades. It is not known whether these latency and velocity differences are related. Studies of non-human primates suggest that prosaccade peak velocity declines as latency from target appearance increases. We...

  • Molecular characterization of deletion breakpoints in adults with 22q11 deletion syndrome. Weksberg, Rosanna; Stachon, Andrea C.; Squire, Jeremy A.; Moldovan, Laura; Bayani, Jane; Meyn, Stephen; Chow, Eva; Bassett, Anne S. // Human Genetics;Jan2007, Vol. 120 Issue 6, p837 

    22q11 Deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is a common microdeletion syndrome with variable expression, including congenital and later onset conditions such as schizophrenia. Most studies indicate that expression does not appear to be related to length of the deletion but there is limited information on...

  • The influence of threatening stimuli on the evoked potential component P200 in patients with paranoid schizophrenia. Strelets, V.; Arkhipov, A. // Human Physiology;Sep2015, Vol. 41 Issue 5, p510 

    Evoked potentials (EPs) of the brain in response to visual neutral and emotionally meaningful (threatening) stimuli were studied in order to clarify neurophysiological disturbances of affective perception during the psychotic state in schizophrenic patients with severe paranoid-hallucinatory...

  • Screening of three ERBB4 gene polymorphisms in a group of Turkish schizophrenia patients and controls / ERBB4 genindeki üç polimorfizmin bir Türk ÅŸizofreni hasta grubunda ve kontrollerde taranması. Sözen, Mustafa Mert; Kartalcı, Şükrü // Turkish Journal of Biochemistry / Turk Biyokimya Dergisi;2015, Vol. 40 Issue 6, p463 

    Objective: The human ERBB4 gene (v-erb-a erithroblastic leukemia viral oncogene homology 4) codes for the ErbB4 receptor protein. One of the ligands of ErbB4 receptor is Neuregulin-1 and it is coded by NRG1 gene which is reported to be a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia. Since ErbB4...

  • Schizophrenia and Related Disorders.  // Current Medical Literature: Psychiatry;2006, Vol. 17 Issue 3, p85 

    The article presents abstracts of schizophrenia and related disorders research. They include "Psychoeducation and compliance in the treatment of schizophrenia: results of the Munich Psychosis Information Project Study," "Influence of age on outcome of psychological treatments in first-episode...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics