Morphological correlates to cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia as studied with Bayesian regression
- corticobasal degeneration. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (2009);2009, Issue 21, p532
An encyclopedia entry for "corticobasal degeneration," which refers to a neurological disease wherein the brain cells die in the basal ganglia and the brain cortex, is presented.
- Corrigendum: Conversion of cerebral cortex into basal ganglia in Emx2âˆ’/âˆ’ Pax6Sey/Sey double-mutant mice. Muzio, Luca; DiBenedetto, Barbara; Stoykova, Anastassia; Boncinelli, Edoardo; Gruss, Peter; Mallamaci, Antonello // Nature Neuroscience;Dec2013, Vol. 16 Issue 12, p1906
A correction to the article "Conversion of cerebral cortex into basal ganglia in Emx2âˆ’/âˆ’ Pax6Sey/Sey double-mutant mice" in the July 2002 issue is presented which mentions the misspelled author's name.
- Prefrontal Cortical Projections to the Midbrain in Primates: Evidence for a Sparse Connection. Frankle, William Gordon; Laruelle, Mark; Haber, Suzanne N. // Neuropsychopharmacology;Aug2006, Vol. 31 Issue 8, p1627
Frontal cortical efferent fibers are thought to have important regulatory influence on cortico-basal ganglia (BG) circuits. The cortico-midbrain (substantia nigra/ventral tegmental area, SN/VTA) pathway has received particular attention in psychiatric diseases, most notably schizophrenia. Work...
- Episodic memory-related activation in schizophrenia: meta-analysis. Achim, Amélie M.; Lepage, Martin // British Journal of Psychiatry;Dec2005, Vol. 187, p500
Background Numerous studies have examined the neural correlates of episodic memory deficits in schizophrenia, yielding both consistencies and discrepancies in the reported patterns of results. Aims To identify in schizophrenia the brain regions in which activity is consistently abnormal across...
- Distribution of basal ganglia lesions in diffuse neurofibrillary tangles with calcification: a clinicopathological study of five autopsy cases. Tsuchiya, K.; Nakayama, H.; Iritani, S.; Arai, T.; Niizato, K.; Haga, C.; Matsushita, M.; Ikeda, K. // Acta Neuropathologica;Jun2002, Vol. 103 Issue 6, p555
We investigated five Japanese autopsy cases of diffuse neurofibrillary tangles with calcification (DNTC), both clinically and pathologically, and examined the degree and distribution of the basal ganglia lesions, especially in the amygdala, striatum, pallidum, and substantia nigra. The lesions...
- Ketamine-Induced Oscillations in the Motor Circuit of the Rat Basal Ganglia. Nicolás, María Jesús; López-Azcárate, Jon; Valencia, Miguel; Alegre, Manuel; Pérez-Alcázar, Marta; Iriarte, Jorge; Artieda, Julio // PLoS ONE;2011, Vol. 6 Issue 7, p1
Oscillatory activity can be widely recorded in the cortex and basal ganglia. This activity may play a role not only in the physiology of movement, perception and cognition, but also in the pathophysiology of psychiatric and neurological diseases like schizophrenia or Parkinson's disease....
- Tardive Dyskinesia in Schizophrenia is Associated with Prolactin-Related Sexual Disturbances. Tenback, Diederik E.; van Harten, Peter N.; Slooff, Cees J.; van Os, Jim // Neuropsychopharmacology;Aug2006, Vol. 31 Issue 8, p1832
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) may occur in never-medicated patients with psychotic illness, indicating the existence of non-medication, possibly disease-related, causes. We tested the hypothesis that, independent of the antipsychotic-induced rise in prolactin, the incidence of TD would be associated...
- Abnormal Responses to Monetary Outcomes in Cortex, but not in the Basal Ganglia, in Schizophrenia. Waltz, James A.; Schweitzer, Julie B.; Ross, Thomas J.; Kurup, Pradeep K.; Salmeron, Betty J.; Rose, Emma J.; Gold, James M.; Stein, Elliot A. // Neuropsychopharmacology;Nov2010, Vol. 35 Issue 12, p2427
Psychosis has been associated with aberrant brain activity concurrent with both the anticipation and integration of monetary outcomes. The extent to which abnormal reward-related neural signals can be observed in chronic, medicated patients with schizophrenia (SZ), however, is not clear. In an...
- EXCESSIVE SYNCHRONY IN PARKINSON'S DISEASE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR THERAPEUTIC BRAIN STIMULATION. Brown, P. // Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry;Oct2012, Vol. 83 Issue 10, p6
The article informs that exaggerated oscillatory synchrony occurs between and within the basal ganglia and cerebral cortex in patients suffering from Parkinson's disease.