TITLE

Quality of sleep in patients with schizophrenia is associated with quality of life and coping

AUTHOR(S)
Hofstetter, John R.; Lysaker, Paul H.; Mayeda, Aimee R.
PUB. DATE
January 2005
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2005, Vol. 5, p13
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: While sleep disturbance is widespread in schizophrenia it is less clear whether sleep disturbance is uniquely related to impaired coping and perceived quality of life. Methods: We simultaneously assessed sleep quality, symptoms, and coping in 29 persons with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder in a post acute phase of illness. Assessment instruments included the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index; the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale; the Heinrichs Quality of Life Scale; and the Ways of Coping Scale. Multiple regressions were performed predicting quality of life and coping from sleep quality controlling for age and symptom severity. On a subset of seven subjects non-dominant wrist actigraphy was used as an objective check of their self-reported poor sleep. Results: Analyses revealed that poor sleep quality predicted low quality of life (r = -0.493; p = .022) and reduced preference for employing positive reappraisal when facing a stressor (r = -0.0594; p = 0.0012). Actigraphy confirmed poor sleep quality in a subset of subjects. They had shorter sleep duration (p < .0005), shorter average sleep episodes (p < .005) and more episodes of long awakening (p < 0.05) than community norms. Conclusion: The results are consistent with the hypotheses that poor sleep may play a unique role in sustaining poor quality of life and impaired coping in patients with schizophrenia. These associations may hold for community controls as well.
ACCESSION #
29323696

 

Related Articles

  • Invited commentaries on: Premorbid adjustment and personality in people with schizophrenia.  // British Journal of Psychiatry;Apr98, Vol. 172, p314 

    The article discusses the study on the premorbid adjustment and personality of schizophrenics. One study has already generated at least one important finding in schizophrenia research. This finding is the demonstration of a predictive effect for premorbid cannabis use on the risk of developing...

  • Sleep disturbances following traumatic experiences in childhood and adolescence: a review. Bader, Klaus; Schäfer, Valérie // Somnologie;May2007, Vol. 11 Issue 2, p101 

    The present review article discusses the long-term effects of traumatic and stressful events in childhood – a research area that has attained growing interest in the last decade. The results of several longterm studies, some of them largescale, indicate that early physical and...

  • Claimed Simulation of Insanity: A Coping Strategy in Mania. Suresh, T. R.; Srinivasan, T. N. // British Journal of Psychiatry;Oct90, Vol. 157, p603 

    The coping strategy of claimed simulation of insanity observed at the onset of psychotic episodes in a manic patient is reported here. There is a need for systematic research on coping strategies in affective psychosis in order to develop techniques to help contain or prevent relapses.

  • PERSONS WITH PSYCHOSIS AS ACTIVE AGENTS INTERACTING WITH THEIR DISORDER. Roe, David; Chopra, Miriam; Rudnick, Abraham // Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal;Fall2004, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p122 

    The current study focuses on the various strategies employed by individuals coping with psychiatric disorders. Data was gathered as part of the Yale Longitudinal Study; participants were 43 males and females-men and women with psychotic symptoms who were diagnosed with either schizophrenia,...

  • Validación en México del inventario de ajuste de Weinberger (WAI). Romo González, Tania; Enríquez-Hernández, Claudia Beatriz; Hernández Pozo, María del Rocío; Ruiz Montalvo, María Elena; Castillo, Rosa Lilia; Sánchez, Yamilet Ehrenzweig; Marván, María Luisa; Larralde, Carlos // Salud Mental;may/jun2014, Vol. 37 Issue 3, p247 

    Introduction The inability to control emotional outbursts and the excessive inhibition of emotions are associated with a variety of personal and interpersonal problems, psychological disorders and health status. Weinberger developed an inventory to assesses two central aspects of socio-emotional...

  • Delusion of Pregnancy in Schizophrenia. Shankar, Radha // British Journal of Psychiatry;Aug91, Vol. 159, p285 

    A case is described of a delusion of pregnancy in a 32-year-old schizophrenic Indian woman following loss of a baby daughter and rejection by her husband, who also denied her access to her son.

  • Behavioural Vigilance in Schizophrenia: Evidence for Hyperattentional Processing. Mar, Corinne M.; Smith, David A.; Sarter, Martin // British Journal of Psychiatry;Dec96, Vol. 169, p781 

    Background. Despite 30 years of research, some surprisingly fundamental gaps remain in our understanding of schizophrenic input dysfunctions. Method. In a provisional test of a `hyperattention' hypothesis, schizophrenic patients and control subjects performed a behavioural test that was adapted...

  • A Comparison of Academic and Lay Theories of Schizophrenia. Furnham, A.; Bower, P. // British Journal of Psychiatry;Aug92, Vol. 161, p201 

    This study investigated lay subjects' theories of schizophrenia. A questionnaire examining the five identified main academic theories of schizophrenia (medical, moral-behavioural, social, psychoanalytic, and conspiratorial) along various dimensions (aetiology, behaviour, treatment, function of...

  • General life satisfaction and domain-specific quality of life in chronic schizophrenic patients. Kemmler, G.; Holzne, B.; Neudorfer, C.; Meise, U.; Hinterhuber, H. // Quality of Life Research;May1997, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p265 

    Subjective quality of life (QOL) has often been assessed through questionnaires or structured interviews focusing on the person‘s satisfaction with various life domains. In particular, most QOL instruments for psychiatric patients are based on this concept. We report on a study casting...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics