TITLE

Computerized adaptive measurement of depression: A simulation study

AUTHOR(S)
Gardner, William; Shear, Katherine; Kelleher, Kelly J.; Pajer, Kathleen A.; Mammen, Oommen; Buysse, Daniel; Frank, Ellen
PUB. DATE
January 2004
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2004, Vol. 4, p13
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Efficient, accurate instruments for measuring depression are increasingly important in clinical practice. We developed a computerized adaptive version of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). We examined its efficiency and its usefulness in identifying Major Depressive Episodes (MDE) and in measuring depression severity. Methods: Subjects were 744 participants in research studies in which each subject completed both the BDI and the SCID. In addition, 285 patients completed the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. Results: The adaptive BDI had an AUC as an indicator of a SCID diagnosis of MDE of 88%, equivalent to the full BDI. The adaptive BDI asked fewer questions than the full BDI (5.6 versus 21 items). The adaptive latent depression score correlated r = .92 with the BDI total score and the latent depression score correlated more highly with the Hamilton (r = .74) than the BDI total score did (r = .70). Conclusions: Adaptive testing for depression may provide greatly increased efficiency without loss of accuracy in identifying MDE or in measuring depression severity.
ACCESSION #
29323654

 

Related Articles

  • A comparison of depression rating scales. Kearns, Norma P.; Cruickshank, C. A.; Mcguigan, K. J.; Riley, S. A.; Shaw, Susan P.; Snaith, R. P.; Kearns, N P; Shaw, S P // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jul82, Vol. 141, p45 

    In a comparison of assessment methods of severity of depressive illness, the Montgomery-Asberg Scale had, broadly, a performance equal to the Hamilton Scale. The Beck Depression Inventory, it subscale, and the Wakefield Inventory all had overall poor performances and should now be abandoned in...

  • Hamilton rating scale for depression with medical in-patients. Schwab, John J.; Bialow, Martin R.; Clemmons, Roy S.; Holzer, Charles E.; Schwab, J J; Bialow, M R; Clemmons, R S; Holzer, C E // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jan67, Vol. 113 Issue 494, p83 

    The article presents a study which evaluates the use of Hamilton Rating Scale (HRS) for Depression in a general medical in-patient population. HRS was designed to measure the severity of depression in patients already diagnosed as having depressive illness. Here, it was used as part of a...

  • What's in a name?: A comparison of four psychiatric assessments. Hotopf, M.; Sharp, D.; Lewis, G. // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;1998, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p27 

    Abstract The Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, Clinical Interview Schedule and General Health Questionnaire have been designed to detect and measure severity of psychiatric disorders in different settings. We aimed to determine the relationship between each assessment...

  • Sense of identity and depression in adolescents. Demir, Başaran; Kaynak-Demir, Hadiye; Sönmez, Emel Irmak // Turkish Journal of Pediatrics;Jan/Feb2010, Vol. 52 Issue 1, p68 

    The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between sense of identity and depression in a group of adolescents. Thirty-one depressed adolescents and 31 control subjects were included in the study. They were evaluated using the Sense of Identity Assessment Form (SIAF),...

  • Impairment of endothelial protection by ischemic postconditioning in patients with major depressive disorder. Zhuo, Chuanjun; Wang, Ying; Tian, Hongjun; Wang, Xiaohui; Chen, Yuhui; Mao, Fuqiang // Canadian Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology;Sep2011, Vol. 89 Issue 9, p647 

    This study used a model of ischemia-reperfusion injury to the brachial artery endothelium to investigate whether the protective role of ischemic postconditioning (IPostC) is impaired in patients with major depressive episode. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) was measured before and after...

  • Variable Dosing of Sertraline for Premenstrual Exacerbation of Depression: A Pilot Study. Miller, Merry Noel; Newell, Christine Lee; Miller, Barney Earl; Frizzell, Peter Graham; Kayser, Robert Allen; Ferslew, Kenneth Emil // Journal of Women's Health (15409996);Jul/Aug2008, Vol. 17 Issue 6, p993 

    Objectives: Premenstrual exacerbation of depression (PMED) is a variation of major depressive disorder (MDD) in which symptoms worsen during the premenstrual period. Breakthrough symptoms of PMED may occur despite effective antidepressant treatment in the rest of the cycle. This pilot study is...

  • Acute treatment of moderate to severe depression with hypericum extract WS 5570 (St John's wort): randomised controlled double blind non-inferiority trial versus paroxetine. Szegedi, A.; Kohnen, R.; Dienel, A.; Kieser, M. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);3/5/2005, Vol. 330 Issue 7490, p503 

    Investigates the efficacy of hypericum extract WS 5570 (known as St. John's wort) compared to paroxetine in patients with moderate to severe major depression. Participants in the randomized double blind, double dummy, reference controlled, multicenter non-inferiority trial in Germany; Use of...

  • WIVES OF ALCOHOLICS: FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS AND MENTAL HEALTH. de Souza, Joseane; Pimenta Carvalho, Ana Maria; Martins Teodoro, Maycoln Lêoni // SMAD Revista Electronica Salud Mental, Alcohol y Drogas;Sep-Dec2012, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p127 

    Wives of alcoholics have been identified in the literature as being more vulnerable to the development of some psychiatric disorders such as depression. The study aimed to describe: socio-demographic characteristics, relationship with her husband and son and family history of wives of...

  • Psychiatric morbidity in refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy before and after epilepsy surgery. Sawant Neena S.; Wankhede Shrikant S. // Neurology Asia;Jun2015, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p129 

    Background & Objective: Psychiatric disorders constitute a large part of illness burden in patients with refractory epilepsy. A careful presurgical psychiatric assessment is now an integral part of evaluation in most centers performing surgeries for refractory epilepsy. This study was undertaken...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics