Level of suicidal intent predicts overall mortality and suicide after attempted suicide: a 12-year follow-up study

Suominen, Kirsi; Isometsä, Erkki; Ostamo, Aini; Lönnqvist, Jouko
January 2004
BMC Psychiatry;2004, Vol. 4, p11
Academic Journal
Background: The aim of this study was to comprehensively examine clinical risk factors, including suicide intent and hopelessness, for suicide and risk of death from all causes after attempted suicide over a 12-year follow-up period. Methods: A systematic sample of 224 patients from consecutive cases of attempted suicide referred to health care in four Finnish cities between 1 January and 31 July 1990 was interviewed. Results: After 12 years of follow-up 22% of these patients had died, 8% by committing suicide. The only statistically significant risk factor for eventual suicide was high scores on Beck's Suicidal Intention Scale. Male gender, older age, physical illness or disability and high scores on Beck's Suicidal Intention Scale predicted death overall. Conclusions: Following attempted suicide, high intention to kill oneself is a significant risk factor for both death from all causes and suicide.


Related Articles

  • Mortality and Suicide Risk in Treatment-Resistant Depression: An Observational Study of the Long-Term Impact of Intervention. Olin, Bryan; Jayewardene, Amara K.; Bunker, Mark; Moreno, Francisco // PLoS ONE;Oct2012, Vol. 7 Issue 10, Special section p1 

    Major depressive disorder is a common global disease that causes a significant societal burden. Most interventional studies of depression provide a limited assessment of the interventions on mortality and suicide risks. This study utilizes data from an observational registry of patients with...

  • Situación actual del conocimiento acerca del suicidio en las personas con cáncer. Palacios-Espinosa, Ximena; Ocampo-Palacio, Juan Gabriel // Revista Ciencias de la Salud;ago2011, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p173 

    Aim: To review the current knowledge about suicide in cancer patients. Method: We searched specialized databases using keywords for articles published in the last two decades (1990-2010), and compiled and reviewed them in order to: indicate the prevalence of suicide in cancer patients worldwide...

  • Peer Victimization, Cyberbullying, and Suicide Risk in Children and Adolescents. Gini, Gianluca; Espelage, Dorothy L. // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;8/6/2014, Vol. 312 Issue 5, p545 

    IMPORTANCE Peer victimization is related to an increased chance of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between peer victimization and suicidal ideation or suicide attempts using meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES Ovid MEDLINE,...

  • Suicidal behaviour in old age - results from the Ibadan study of ageing. Ojagbemi, Akin; Oladeji, Bibilola; Abiona, Taiwo; Gureje, Oye // BMC Psychiatry;2013, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p1 

    Background: An important reason for the high risk of suicide in the elderly is the determination with which they act out their suicidal thoughts. Early identification of suicidal behaviours in the elderly is therefore important for suicide prevention efforts in this population. Method: Data are...

  • Lone-term impact of celebrity suicide on suicidal ideation: results from a population-based study. King-wa Fu; Yip, Paul S. F. // Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health;Jun2007, Vol. 61 Issue 6, p540 

    Background: The short-term effect of celebrity suicide on the overall suicide rate is widely known, but long-term effects remain unclear. Objective: To examine whether celebrity suicide is associated with suicidal ideation over a longer period. Design: This is a study on the effect of the...

  • Managing suicide risk amongst adolescents: The role of dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT). Taruna, Sandeep Singh; Bahmani, Rakesh // Indian Journal of Health & Wellbeing;2014, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p35 

    Suicide is a complex, multidimensional and multi-determined, preventable act that has been studied from philosophical, sociological, psychological and clinical perspective. Well stated by Louw & Louw, 2007 that adolescence today is unfortunately not only a period of preparation for and...

  • An acceptance and commitment therapy approach to adolescent suicide. Murrell, Amy R.; Al-Jabari, Rawya; Moyer, Danielle; Novamo, Eliina; Connally, Melissa E. // International Journal of Behavioral Consultation & Therapy;2014, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p41 

    Approximately 4,600 American adolescents commit suicide each year, and adolescent suicide rates are on the rise. The consequences of suicidal behavior are far-reaching, and understanding the development of patterns that contribute to ideation and attempt are crucial to prevention and...

  • Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Reasons for Living—Older Adults Scale: A Suicide Risk Assessment Inventory. Edelstein, Barry A.; Heisel, Marnin J.; McKee, Deborah R.; Martin, Ronald R.; Koven, Lesley P.; Duberstein, Paul R.; Britton, Peter C. // Gerontologist;Dec2009, Vol. 49 Issue 6, p736 

    Purpose: The purposes of these studies were to develop and initially evaluate the psychometric properties of the Reasons for Living Scale—Older Adult version (RFL-OA), an older adults version of a measure designed to assess reasons for living among individuals at risk for suicide. Design...

  • The Relations of Suicidal Ideation and Attempts With Physical Activity Among Korean Adolescents. Chung Gun Lee; Youngtae Cho; Seunghyun Yoo // Journal of Physical Activity & Health;Jul2013, Vol. 10 Issue 5, p716 

    Purpose: Suicide is the leading cause of death among Korean adolescents. This study investigates the crosssectional relations of physical activity with suicidal ideation and attempts in adolescents, simultaneously considering previously reported risk factors of suicide such as depression,...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics