TITLE

Ethnicity, sleep, mood, and illumination in postmenopausal women

AUTHOR(S)
Kripke, Daniel F.; Jean-Louis, Girardin; Elliott, Jeffrey A.; Klauber, Melville R.; Rex, Katharine M.; Tuunainen, Arja; Langer, Robert D.
PUB. DATE
January 2004
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2004, Vol. 4, p8
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: This study examined how ethnic differences in sleep and depression were related to environmental illumination and circadian rhythms. Methods: In an ancillary study to the Women's Health Initiative, 459 postmenopausal women were recorded for one week in their homes, using wrist monitors. Sleep and illumination experience were estimated. Depression was self-rated with a brief adjective check list. Affective diagnoses were made using the SCID interview. Sleep disordered breathing was monitored with home pulse oximetry. Results: Hispanic and African-American women slept less than European-American women, according to both objective recordings and their own sleep logs. Non-European-American women had more blood oxygen desaturations during sleep, which accounted for 26% of sleep duration variance associated with ethnicity. Hispanic women were much more depressed. Hispanic, African-American and Native-American women experienced less daily illumination. Less daily illumination experience was associated with poorer global functioning, longer but more disturbed sleep, and more depression. Conclusions: Curtailed sleep and poor mood were related to ethnicity. Sleep disordered breathing was a factor in the curtailed sleep of minority women. Less illumination was experienced by non-European-American women, but illumination accounted for little of the contrasts between ethnic groups in sleep and mood. Social factors may be involved.
ACCESSION #
29323649

 

Related Articles

  • Ovariectomy Results in Variable Changes in Nociception, Mood and Depression in Adult Female Rats. Li, Li-Hong; Wang, Zhe-Chen; Yu, Jin; Zhang, Yu-Qiu // PLoS ONE;Apr2014, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p1 

    Decline in the ovarian hormones with menopause may influence somatosensory, cognitive, and affective processing. The present study investigated whether hormonal depletion alters the nociceptive, depressive-like and learning behaviors in experimental rats after ovariectomy (OVX), a common method...

  • Menopause doesn't cause depression--but the misperception persists.  // HealthFacts;Dec96, Vol. 21 Issue 211, p6 

    Reports on the absence of a link between menopause and depression according to a study published in the November 16, 1996 issue of the `British Medical Journal.' False belief that menopause causes depression resulting in women receiving estrogen for their depression; Need for treatment of women...

  • Menopause and Mood. Elder, Nina // Better Homes & Gardens;Jul2000, Vol. 78 Issue 7, p201 

    Focuses on the link of menopause and mood. Times when women are more susceptible to depression; Hormone-related depression.

  • Depression and the menopause. Hunter, Myra S. // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);11/16/96, Vol. 313 Issue 7067, p1217 

    Investigates the correlation between mental depression and menopause in women. Review of related literature; Diagnosis and treatment of the condition; Factors affecting mental health of menopausal women.

  • Causality, menopause, and depression: A critical review of the literature. Nicol-Smith, Louise // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);11/16/96, Vol. 313 Issue 7067, p1229 

    Assesses the correlation between mental depression and menopause. Review of related literature; Details of primary research articles in critical review; Call for an integrated standard clinical epidemiological concept on the subject.

  • SUMMER AT LAST.  // Good Health & Medicine;Dec2008, p12 

    The article reveals the findings of a study published in the Archives of General Psychiatry which showed the association between serotonin levels and depressive mood. It is during summer, when people are exposed to the sun, that greater levels of serotonin are absorbed. Findings suggest that...

  • 'Support Cells' Star in Lack of Sleep's Antidepressant Effects. Breindl, Anette // BioWorld Today;2/ 4/2013, Vol. 24 Issue 23, p1 

    The article reports on astrocytes, a cell deemed to be the cause of the antidepressant effects of lack of sleep. It mentions that changes in astrocyte signaling can help boost a person's mood or decrease depression caused by sleep deprivation. It says that the antidepressive effect of lack of...

  • Depressed mood states and their inter-relationship with clinical depression. Parker, G.; Wilhelm, K.; Asghari, A. // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;1998, Vol. 33 Issue 1, p10 

    Abstract A study was conducted to contrast depressed mood states in those positive and negative for lifetime depressive syndromes. A non-clinical cohort of 156 subjects was assessed on four occasions over 15 years, with 35% having had a major depression and 22% a minor depression at the most...

  • Mood variability and the intensity of depressive states. McConville, Chris; Cooper, Colin // Current Psychology;Winter96, Vol. 14 Issue 4, p329 

    Tests the hypothesis put forward by Costello et al. (1991) that mood variability is associated with depression in nonclinical groups. Computation of mood variability; Strong correlation between variability of moods and level of depression.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics