Functioning styles of personality disorders and five-factor normal personality traits: a correlation study in Chinese students

Wei Wang; Lan Hu; Ling Mu; Dahong Chen; Qi Song; Mengping Zhou; Weijuan Zhang; Jun Hou; Zhigang Li; Jun Wang; Jianhui Liu; Chengsen He
January 2003
BMC Psychiatry;2003, Vol. 3, p11
Academic Journal
Background: Previous studies show that both the categorical and dimensional descriptors of personality disorders are correlated with normal personality traits. Recently, a 92-item inventory, the Parker Personality Measure (PERM) was designed as a more efficient and precise first-level assessment of personality disorders. Whether the PERM constructs are correlated with those of the five-factor models of personality needs to be clarified. Methods: We therefore invited 913 students from poly-technical schools and colleges in China to answer the PERM, the Five-Factor Nonverbal Personality Questionnaire (FFNPQ), and the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ). Results: Most personality constructs had satisfactory internal alphas. PERM constructs were loaded with FFNPQ and ZKPQ traits clearly on four factors, which can be labelled as Dissocial, Emotional Dysregulation, Inhibition and Compulsivity, as reported previously. FFNPQ Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness and Extraversion formed another Factor, named Experience Hunting, which was not clearly covered by PERM or ZKPQ. Conclusion: The PERM constructs were loaded in a predictable way on the disordered supertraits, suggesting the PERM might offer assistance measuring personality function in clinical practice.


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