TITLE

Voluntary self-poisoning as a cause of admission to a tertiary hospital internal medicine clinic in Piraeus, Greece within a year

AUTHOR(S)
Tountas, Charalambos; Sotiropoulos, Alexios; Skliros, Stathis A.; Kotsini, Vasiliki; Peppas, Theodoros A.; Tamvakos, Elias; Pappas, Stavros
PUB. DATE
January 2001
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2001, Vol. 1, p4
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Out of 1705 patients hospitalised for various reasons in the 3rd Internal Medicine Department of the Regional General Hospital of Nikaea, in Piraeus, 146(8,5%) persons were admitted for drug intoxication between November 1999 and November 2000. Methods: On average, these persons [male 50(34,2%) - female 96(65,8%)] were admitted to the hospital within 3.7 hours after taking the drug. Results: The drugs that were more frequently taken, alone or in combination with other drugs, were sedatives (67.1%), aspirins and analgesics (mainly paracetamol) (43.5%). 38.3% of patients had a mental illness history, 31.5% were in need of psychiatric help and 45.2% had made a previous suicide attempt. No death occurred during the above period and the outcome of the patients' health was normal. After mental state examination, the mental illnesses diagnosed were depression (20.96%), psychosis (15.32%), dysthymic disorder (16,2%), anxiety disorder (22.58%) and personality disorder (8.87%). Conclusions: Self-poisoning remains a crucial problem. The use of paracetamol and sedatives are particularly important in the population studied. Interpersonal psychiatric therapy may be a valuable treatment after people tried to poison themselves.
ACCESSION #
29323606

 

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