Consensus structural models for the amino terminal domain of the retrovirus restriction gene Fv1 and the Murine Leukaemia Virus capsid proteins

Taylor, William R.; Stoye, Jonathan P.
January 2004
BMC Structural Biology;2004, Vol. 4, p1
Academic Journal
Background: The mouse Fv1 (friend virus) susceptibility gene inhibits the development of the murine leukaemia virus (MLV) by interacting with its capsid (CA) protein. As no structures are available for these proteins we have constructed molecular models based on distant sequence similarity to other retroviral capsid proteins. Results: Molecular models were constructed for the amino terminal domains of the probable capsid-like structure for the mouse Fv1 gene product and the capsid protein of the MLV. The models were based on sequence alignments with a variety of other retrovirus capsid proteins. As the sequence similarity of these proteins with MLV and especially Fv1 is very distant, a threading method was employed that incorporates predicted secondary structure and multiple sequence information. The resulting models were compared with equivalent models constructed using the sequences of the capsid proteins of known structure. Conclusions: These comparisons suggested that the MLV model should be accurate in the core but with significant uncertainty in the loop regions. The Fv1 model may have some additional errors in the core packing of its helices but the resulting model gave some support to the hypothesis that it adopts a capsid-like structure.


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