TITLE

Numerical Simulations of the Role of Land Surface Conditions in the Evolution and Structure of Summertime Thunderstorms over a Flat Highland

AUTHOR(S)
Yamada, Hiroyuki
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
Monthly Weather Review;Jan2008, Vol. 136 Issue 1, p173
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Numerical simulations of summertime thunderstorms over a flat highland (4700 m MSL), assuming the central Tibetan Plateau, were conducted with the use of a cloud-resolving nonhydrostatic model. This study was aimed at clarifying the role of land surface conditions, such as soil moisture and vegetation activity, in the evolution and structure of airmass thunderstorms over the plateau. Two simulations with cyclic lateral boundaries and different surfaces of a dry or wet land were initialized using a unique vertical atmospheric profile at dawn. These initial conditions assume the real atmospheric conditions in two periods of the 1998 summer monsoon, which are characterized by a dry or wet surface. The results of the two experiments were used to examine the contrasting features between the two experiments arising from the different surface conditions. The simulations reproduced differences in the convective structure, the conditions of the subcloud layer, and the evaporation rate of precipitation within this layer. These resulted from different surface-heating processes and were supported by the observational evidence clarified in a previous study. Moreover, the simulations also reproduced the cell broadening occurring in both the boundary and cloud layers and different precipitation processes dependent on the updraft strength. The evidence was partly supported by additional analyses of observational data. This study, therefore, demonstrates a significant effect of the plateau surface upon the cloud evolution and the precipitation process.
ACCESSION #
28791535

 

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