Translational Research in Aphasia: From Neuroscience to Neurorehabilitation
- Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury Induces Selective Loss of Cortical Inhibitory Function. // Neurology Reviews;Dec2015, Vol. 23 Issue 12, p23
The article focuses on a study presented at the Neuroscience 2015 Conference held by the Society for Neuroscience in Chicago, Illinois which showed that pediatric traumatic brain injury induces selective loss of cortical inhibitory function.
- Early Rehabilitation Model Shows Positive Effects on Neural Degeneration and Recovery from Neuromotor Deficits Following Traumatic Brain Injury. Lippert-Grüner, M.; Maegele, M.; Pokorný, J.; Angelov, D. N.; Švestková, O.; Wittner, M.; Trojan, S. // Physiological Research;2007, Vol. 56 Issue 3, p359
This study used an experimental early rehabilitation model combining an enriched environment, multisensory (visual, acoustic and olfactory) stimulation and motor training alter traumatic brain injury (via fluid-percussion model) to simulate early multisensory rehabilitation. This therapy will be...
- A multidisciplinary community-based rehabilitation program improved social functioning in severe traumatic brain injury. Dawson, Deirdre R. // ACP Journal Club;Jul/Aug2002, Vol. 137 Issue 1, p22
Provides information on a study that examined whether multidisciplinary community-based outreach rehabilitation program is more effective than information only in patients with severe traumatic brain injury. Study design and setting; Main outcome measures; Main results; Conclusion.
- Comparing Brain Injury Rehabilitation Practices: What Can North and South Americans Learn From Each Other? Upton, Thomas D.; Fontan, Luis; Premuda, Paola; Lorenzo, Jorge; Quinteros, Nila // Journal of Rehabilitation;Oct-Dec2002, Vol. 68 Issue 4, p20
Presents a study which compared brain injury rehabilitation practices in the North and South America. Information on common brain injury common deficits; Review of existent brain injury rehabilitation protocols in the U.S. and Uruguay; Proposals for better treatment of persons with brain injuries.
- New Approaches to Neurorehabilitiation. Sandin, Karl J. // Minnesota Medicine;Jan2012, Vol. 95 Issue 1, p46
Recent advances in neuroscience have led to newer, more scientific approaches to rehabilita-tion for patients who have had a stroke or sustained a brain or spinal cord injury. Specifically, the pendulum in rehabilitation has swung away from a focus on compensatory techniques and toward...
- Training of goal-directed attention regulation enhances control over neural processing for individuals with brain injury. Chen, Anthony J.-W.; Novakovic-Agopian, Tatjana; Nycum, Terrence J.; Song, Shawn; Turner, Gary R.; Hills, Nancy K.; Rome, Scott; Abrams, Gary M.; D’Esposito, Mark // Brain: A Journal of Neurology;May2011, Vol. 134 Issue 5, p1541
Deficits in attention and executive control are some of the most common, debilitating and persistent consequences of brain injuries. Understanding neural mechanisms that support clinically significant improvements, when they do occur, may help advance treatment development. Intervening via...
- Reducing excessive GABA-mediated tonic inhibition promotes functional recovery after stroke. Clarkson, Andrew N.; Huang, Ben S.; MacIsaac, Sarah E.; Mody, Istvan; Carmichael, S. Thomas // Nature;11/11/2010, Vol. 468 Issue 7321, p305
Stroke is a leading cause of disability, but no pharmacological therapy is currently available for promoting recovery. The brain region adjacent to stroke damage-the peri-infarct zone-is critical for rehabilitation, as it shows heightened neuroplasticity, allowing sensorimotor functions to...
- Restorative therapy in stroke using stem cells. Padma Srivastava, M. V. // Neurology India;Jul2009, Vol. 57 Issue 4, p381
The nonregenerative capability of the injured adult brain has been challenged in recent years and neural plasticity has been observed experimentally in both global and focal brain ischemia in animal models. Whether neuro-genesis increases in response to brain lesions or stem cells can be used...
- Environmental enrichment and the sensory brain: the role of enrichment in remediating brain injury. Alwis, Dasuni S.; Rajan, Ramesh // Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience;Sep2014, Vol. 8, p1
The brain's life-long capacity for experience-dependent plasticity allows adaptation to new environments or to changes in the environment, and to changes in internal brain states such as occurs in brain damage. Since the initial discovery by Hebb (1947) that environmental enrichment (EE) was...