Translating Principles of Neural Plasticity Into Research on Speech Motor Control Recovery and Rehabilitation

Ludlow, Christy L.; Hoit, Jeannette; Kent, Raymond; Ramig, Lorraine O.; Shrivastav, Rahul; Strand, Edythe; Yorkston, Kathryn; Sapienza, Christine M.
February 2008
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2008, Vol. 51 Issue 1, pS240
Academic Journal
Purpose: To review the principles of neural plasticity and make recommendations for research on the neural bases for rehabilitation of neurogenic speech disorders. Method: A working group in speech motor control and disorders developed this report, which examines the potential relevance of basic research on the brain mechanisms involved in neural plasticity and discusses possible similarities and differences for application to speech motor control disorders. The possible involvement of neural plasticity in changes in speech production in normalcy, development, aging, and neurological diseases and disorders was considered. This report focuses on the appropriate use of functional and structural neuroimaging and the design of feasibility studies aimed at understanding how brain mechanisms are altered by environmental manipulations such as training and stimulation and how these changes might enhance the future development of rehabilitative methods for persons with speech motor control disorders. Conclusions: Increased collaboration with neuroscientists working in clinical research centers addressing human communication disorders might foster research in this area. It is hoped that this article will encourage future research on speech motor control disorders to address the principles of neural plasticity and their application for rehabilitation.


Related Articles

  • Principles of Experience-Dependent Neural Plasticity: Implications for Rehabilitation After Brain Damage. Kleim, Jeffrey A.; Jones, Theresa A. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2008, Vol. 51 Issue 1, pS225 

    Purpose: This paper reviews 10 principles of experience-dependent neural plasticity and considerations in applying them to the damaged brain. Method: Neuroscience research using a variety of models of learning, neurological disease, and trauma are reviewed from the perspective of basic...

  • "PREHABILITATION": The Gift that keeps on Giving. Pettibon, Burl R.; Freese-Pettibon, Sharon // American Chiropractor;Dec2012, Vol. 34 Issue 12, p26 

    The article discusses brain cell reformation which was considered to be a gift after being researched and it was proved that brain cells are involved in all illness, disabilities and accidents. According to the author enthusiasm and education of the patients plays important role in accepting...

  • Buzzword: Brain Plasticity.  // Principal;Jan/Feb2014, Vol. 93 Issue 3, p7 

    The article explores brain plasticity, also known as neuroplasticity and is used to describe how brains organize neural connections and how these connections are strengthened.

  • New Approaches to Neurorehabilitiation. Sandin, Karl J. // Minnesota Medicine;Jan2012, Vol. 95 Issue 1, p46 

    Recent advances in neuroscience have led to newer, more scientific approaches to rehabilita-tion for patients who have had a stroke or sustained a brain or spinal cord injury. Specifically, the pendulum in rehabilitation has swung away from a focus on compensatory techniques and toward...

  • BRAIN BENDERS. MILLER, KENNETH // Discover;Oct2013, Vol. 34 Issue 8, p30 

    The article discusses Carla Shatz, a neurobiologist at Stanford University, whose research reveals increased neuroplasticity by removing major histocompatibility complex class I (MHCI) proteins in mice. Other topics include her studies with scientists and Nobel Prize recipients David Hubel and...

  • Optimising rehabilitation potential after stroke: a 24‑hour interdisciplinary approach. Aries, Alison; Hunter, Susan M. // British Journal of Neuroscience Nursing;Dec2014/Jan2015, Vol. 10 Issue 6, p268 

    Approximately 150 000 people in the UK experience a stroke each year, often resulting in complex disability. Restoration of sensorimotor function after stroke involves processes of relearning and neuroplasticity. Different mechanisms by which neuroplasticity can occur post stroke include...

  • Modelling the interaction of structural and synaptic plasticity. Fauth, Michael; Tetzlaff, Christian; Wörgötter, Florentin // BMC Neuroscience;2013, Vol. 14 Issue Suppl 1, p1 

    An abstract of the article "Modelling the interaction of structural and synaptic plasticity" by Michael Fauth and colleagues is presented.

  • TARP interplay and the regulation of Ca2+-permeable AMPA receptors: lessons from mice stargazer. Bats, C.; Studniarczyk, D.; Soto, D.; Farrant, M.; Cull-Candy, S. G. // Proceedings of the Physiological Society;2013, p164P 

    While GluA2-containing calcium-impermeable AMPA receptors (CI-AMPARs) are widely expressed in the central nervous system, the expression of GluA2-lacking calcium-permeable AMPA receptors (CP-AMPARs) is more restricted - they are only found in a subset of neuronal and glial cells or at specific...

  • GROWING YOUR GREY MATTER: Our brain is plastic-and adaptable. Francis, Charlotte // Alive: Canada's Natural Health & Wellness Magazine;Apr2011, Issue 342, p71 

    The article highlights that the human brain is plastic and adaptable, and therefore can continue to grow and support learning of new skills and cognitive abilities into old age. It cites a study by neuroscientist Michael Merzenich, who reports that appropriate training can reverse age related...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics