Neuroplasticity and Rehabilitation Research for Speech, Language, and Swallowing Disorders
- Trial shows only varied practice. Meteyard, Lotte // BMJ: British Medical Journal (Overseas & Retired Doctors Edition;9/15/2012, Vol. 345 Issue 7874, p28
A letter to the editor is presented in response to the article "Effectiveness of enhanced communication therapy in the first four months after stroke for aphasia and dysarthria: A randomised controlled trial," by Bowen and colleagues in the July 13, 2012 issue.
- Effectiveness of enhanced communication therapy in the first four months after stroke for aphasia and dysarthria: a randomised controlled trial. Bowen, Audrey; Hesketh, Anne; Patchick, Emma; Young, Alys; Davies, Linda; Vail, Andy; Long, Andrew F.; Watkins, Caroline; Wilkinson, Mo; Pearl, Gill; A. Lambon Ralph, Matthew; Tyrrell, Pippa // BMJ: British Medical Journal (Overseas & Retired Doctors Edition;8/4/2012, Vol. 345 Issue 7868, p14
The article discusses a study to evaluate and compare the efficacy of communication therapy as against social contact alone following the first four months of stroke for improving the functional communicative ability of people with aphasia or dysarthia. The study concluded that communicative...
- Constrained Versus Unconstrained Intensive Language Therapy in Two Individuals With Chronic, Moderate-to-Severe Aphasia and Apraxia of Speech: Behavioral and fMRI Outcomes. Kurland, Jacquie; Pulvermüller, Friedemann; Silva, Nicole; Burke, Katherine; Andrianopoulos, Mary // American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology;May2012 Supplement, pS65
Purpose: This Phase I study investigated behavioral and functional MRI (fMRI) outcomes of 2 intensive treatment programs to improve naming in 2 participants with chronic moderate-to-severe aphasia with comorbid apraxia of speech (AOS). Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT; PulvermÃ¼ller et...
- Management of bulbar symptoms in motor neurone disease: a community speech and language therapist perspective. Barber, Camilla // British Journal of Neuroscience Nursing;Feb/Mar2015, Vol. 11 Issue 1, p41
Motor neurone disease (MND) is a neurodegenerative condition that leads to progressive weakness of the limbs, bulbar and respiratory muscles. The speech and language therapist (SLT), alongside the wider multidisciplinary team, can play a key role in managing bulbar symptoms associated with MND....
- Swallowing and Dysphagia Rehabilitation: Translating Principles of Neural Plasticity Into Clinically Oriented Evidence. Robbins, JoAnne; Butler, Susan G.; Daniels, Stephanie K.; Gross, Roxann Diez; Langmore, Susan; Lazarus, Cathy L.; Martin-Harris, Bonnie; McCabe, Daniel; Musson, Nan; Rosenbek, John C. // Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Feb2008, Vol. 51 Issue 1, pS276
Purpose: This review presents the state of swallowing rehabilitation science as it relates to evidence for neural plastic changes in the brain. The case is made for essential collaboration between clinical and basic scientists to expand the positive influences of dysphagia rehabilitation in...
- Immediate Neurological Recovery Following Perispinal Etanercept Years After Brain Injury. Tobinick, Edward; Rodriguez-Romanacce, Helen; Levine, Arthur; Ignatowski, Tracey; Spengler, Robert // Clinical Drug Investigation;May2014, Vol. 34 Issue 5, p361
Positron emission tomographic brain imaging and pathological examination have revealed that a chronic, intracerebral neuroinflammatory response lasting for years after a single brain injury may occur in humans. Evidence suggests the immune signaling molecule, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), is...
- Pharmacological treatment of dysphagia in stroke. // Age & Ageing;Jan97 Supplement, Vol. 26, p40
Presents an abstract of the study `Pharmacological Treatment of Dysphagia in Stroke,' by D. Smithard, I. Perez and L. Kalra, presented during the communications to the autumn meeting of the British Geriatrics Society on October 3-4, 1996 in London, England.
- Effects of a Sour Bolus on Oropharyngeal Swallowing Measures in Patients With Neurogenic Dysphagia. Logemann, Jeri A.; Pauloski, Barbara Roa // Journal of Speech & Hearing Research;Jun95, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p556
Examines the effects of a sour bolus on pharyngeal swallow measures in two groups of patients with neurogenic dysphagia. Results showing significant improvement in oral onset of the oral swallow in response to the sour bolus; Reasons for the improvement in oropharyngeal swallow physiology as a...
- VitalStim Therapy showing good results in dysphagia patients. // Lakelander (Whitney, TX);6/20/2007, Vol. 21 Issue 25, p7
The article reports on the VitalStim Therapy, a Food and Drug Administration-approved therapy that restores swallowing function among patients with dysphagia in the U.S.