Low density lipoprotein from patients with Type 2 diabetes increases expression of monocyte matrix metalloproteinase and ADAM metalloproteinase genes

Worley, Joanna R.; Hughes, David A.; Dozio, Nicoletta; Gavrilovic, Jelena; Sampson, Mike J.
January 2007
Cardiovascular Diabetology;2007, Vol. 6, p21
Academic Journal
Aims: Type 2 diabetes is characterised by increased plasma concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines [such as tumour necrosis factor - alpha; TNF-α] and soluble forms of adhesion molecules involved in leukocyte - endothelial interactions. These molecules are synthesised as transmembrane proteins and the plasma soluble forms are generated by ectodomain cleavage from the cell surface by members of the ADAM [adisintegrin and metalloproteinase] proteinase family. We hypothesised that plasma low density lipoprotein [LDL] from subjects with Type 2 diabetes would influence in vitro monocytic ADAM and matrix metalloproteinase [MMP] gene expression differently compared to control LDL. Methods: We examined relative mRNA expression by real time PCR in a monocytic cell line [THP-1] cultured for 4, 8 and 24 hrs with human plasma LDL derived from subjects with [n = 5] or without [n = 4] Type 2 diabetes. Gene expression for MMP-1 and 9, and ADAM - 8, 15, 17 and 28 was studied. Results: Type 2 diabetes LDL significantly increased gene expression of MMP - 1 [p < 0.01] MMP - 9 [p < 0.001], and ADAM 17 [p < 0.05], - 28 [p < 0.01] and - 15 [p < 0.01] compared to control LDL. Type 2 diabetes LDL had disparate effects on inhibitors of MMP. Conclusion: These data suggest that Type 2 diabetes LDL could lead to increased adhesion molecule and TNF alpha cell surface shedding, and vascular plaque instability, by promoting increased expression of ADAM and MMP genes.


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