Gender and ethnic differences in ADHD as assessed by behavior ratings

Reid, Robert; Riccio, Cynthia A.; Kessler, Robert H.; DuPaul, George J.; Power, Thomas J.; Anastopoulos, Arthur D.; Rogers-Adkinson, Diana; Noll, Mary-Beth
March 2000
Journal of Emotional & Behavioral Disorders;Spring2000, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p38
Academic Journal
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood disorder. Research suggests that ADHD is 4 to 9 times more frequent in males than females, and the possibility of underidentification in females and overidentification in males has been suggested as an explanation for these statistics. As part of the diagnostic process, teachers are frequently asked to complete behavior rating scales. There is a lack of empirical data concerning the extent to which gender differences are evident on such rating scales. This study investigated the use of the ADHD-IV Rating Scale--School Version, with male and female students from ages 5 to 18 years. Results suggest that the ADHD construct is consistent across gender; however, there are differences across gender and ethnicity. For Caucasian children, externalizing behaviors are most salient in terms of discriminating between males and females. Implications for research and practice are discussed.


Related Articles

  • Focusing attention to deep structure in math problems: Effects on elementary education students with and without attentional deficits. Kercood, Suneeta; Zentall, Sydney S.; Lee, David L. // Learning & Individual Differences;Jan2004, Vol. 14 Issue 2, p91 

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of actively categorizing math problems on the math problem solving performance of students with and without attention deficit disorder (ADD). To this purpose, 52 fifth and sixth grade students were involved in actively categorizing or...

  • Empirically Informed Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Evaluation With College Students. Reilley, Sean P. // Journal of College Counseling;Fall2005, Vol. 8 Issue 2, p153 

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is both an underdiagnosed and a misdiagnosed problem on college campuses, leading to pronounced academic and psychosocial difficulties. Counselors encounter diagnostic criteria that are child oriented, long lists of differential diagnoses, high...

  • Urban Educators' Perceptions of Interventions for Students With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Preliminary Investigation. Graczyk, Patricia A.; Atkins, Marc S.; Jackson, Maudette M.; Letendre, Joan A.; Kim-Cohen, Julia; Baumann, Barbara L.; McCoy, Jon // Behavioral Disorders;Feb2005, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p95 

    This study examined urban educators' attitudes toward commonly recommended interventions for students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Participants included 358 pupil personnel services (PPS) professionals--school psychologists, social workers, and counselors--and 70...

  • Adult ADHD in a Student Population: Preliminary Findings. Burke, Alban; Austin, Tracey-Lee; Waldeck, Chantal // Journal of Psychology in Africa;2011, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p27 

    The study provides preliminary findings about the likely prevalence rates of ADHD in a South African student population. Data collected using self-report measures to identify symptoms of this disorder, are reported. Participants were 402 undergraduate psychology students. They completed the...

  • Meeting the Literacy Needs of Students with ADHD in the Middle School Classroom. Wood, Karen D.; Beattie, John // Middle School Journal;Jan2004, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p50 

    The article provides criteria used to identify students with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as well as specific strategies that have been effective in helping maximize the learning opportunities of these students. While the prevalence of ADHD is indeed significant, it is...

  • Developmental Context and Treatment Principles for ADHD Among College Students. Fleming, Andrew; McMahon, Robert // Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review;Dec2012, Vol. 15 Issue 4, p303 

    Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) affects between 2 and 8 % of college students. ADHD is associated with impaired academic, psychological, and social functioning, and with a wide array of negative outcomes including lower GPAs, graduation rates, and self-reported quality of life....

  • A Closer Examination of Bipolar Disorder in School-Age Children. Bardick, Angela D.; Bernes, Kerry B. // Professional School Counseling;Oct2005, Vol. 9 Issue 1, p72 

    Children who present with severe behavioral concerns may be diagnosed as having other commonly diagnosed childhood disorders, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and/or conduct disorder, among others, when they may be suffering from early-onset...

  • COLLEGE STUDENTS' ACCEPTANCE OF POTENTIAL TREATMENTS FOR ADHD. Carter, Stacy L. // Psychological Reports;Aug2005, Vol. 97 Issue 1, p258 

    The purpose of the current study was to investigate the influence that the professional occupation of a consultant making a treatment recommendation may have on college students' (82 women and 52 men) acceptance of a proposed treatment for a child displaying characteristics of Attention...

  • Part Regular Kid, Part Tornado. Truby, Dana // Instructor;Nov/Dec2009, Vol. 119 Issue 3, p2 

    The article presents an introduction to the November/December 2009 issue of the publication, which focuses on how teachers can best help children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (AHDH).


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics