Regulation of the MtrC-MtrD-MtrE Efflux-Pump System Modulates the In Vivo Fitness of Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Warner, Douglas M.; Folster, Jason P.; Shafer, William M.; Jerse, Ann E.
December 2007
Journal of Infectious Diseases;12/15/2007, Vol. 196 Issue 12, p1804
Academic Journal
The Neisseria gonorrhoeae MtrC-MtrD-MtrE multidrug-resistance efflux pump expels macrolide antibiotics, penicillin, and antimicrobial effectors of the innate defense. Mutation of the mtrR locus, which encodes a transcriptional repressor of the mtrCDE operon, increases gonococcal resistance to these agents. Here we report that, in a mouse infection model, an mtrR mutant is more fit than the wild-type bacteria. Consistent with derepression of the mtrCDE operon as the primary reason for the fitness benefit, an mtrR, mtrE double mutant and an mtrE mutant showed no difference in survival phenotype. Gonococcal mutants deficient in MtrA, an activator of the mtrCDE operon, exhibited significantly reduced fitness in vivo, and mtrA mutants with spontaneous compensatory mtrR mutations were selected during infection. These results confirm the importance of the MtrC-MtrD-MtrE efflux-pump system during experimental gonococcal genital-tract infection and also illustrate an antibioticresistance mechanism that is accompanied by fitness benefit rather than a fitness cost.


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